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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical to Caucasus.
Fimbristylis ferruginea

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Stout tufted erect perennial 45–75 cm. high
Morphology Leaves
Narrow leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Small dense panicles of few to many spikelets bracts of very variable length; spikelets lanceolate, grey rust coloured
Ecology
Brackish swamps and damp grassland.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial with a short rhizome
Morphology Stem
Stems 50–100 cm long and 1–3 mm thick, somewhat compressed, glabrous or with scattered spine-like or obtuse teeth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a lax or congested anthela of sessile and stalked spikelets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 8–18 x 3-5 mm, oblong-ovoid, 20–40-flowered
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 3–4 mm long, broadly ovate, light to dark reddish brown, densely short-hairy in upper half; the midrib slightly extended
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style with 2 long stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet 1–1.7 mm long including the short gynophore, biconvex, almost smooth with isodiametric surface-cells.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Herb. van Royen 902.77–420 (L, lecto., chosen by Adams)
Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial 0.3–1.1 m tall with short rhizome forming clumps 60 cm wide.
Morphology Stem
Stems compressed, 1–2 mm wide, glabrous or with scattered spine-like or obtuse teeth
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheaths greyish pale brown or brown; blades up to 30 cm long, 1.5–2 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence open or less so and sometimes subcapitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets few to many, shortly stalked to sessile or subsessile, brown or greyish, 5–18 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, ± acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reddish-brown, paler at base and near the excurrent midrib, 3–4 mm long, densely set with short whitish hairs in upper part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2-branched
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet straw-coloured, obovoid-lenticular, 1–1.9 mm long, almost smooth, the surface cells very small, isodiametric
Figures
Fig. 10, p56

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Basal sheaths herbaceous, paler
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades on fertile stems to 30 cm long and 1.5–2 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Lower involucral bract often longer than inflorescence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets more obtuse and 3–5 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet 1.3–1.7 mm long, obovate to orbicular.
Distribution
N1–3; S1, 3 tropics and subtropics of the Old World.
Ecology
Sea-level to 1350 m.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Mauritius, Sieber 210 (B†, holo.; AWH, iso.)
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 10–30 cm long, 1.5–2 mm wide Lower leaf sheaths membranous, pale brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence more open, of 1 sessile and usually 4–10 spikelets on 1–5 cm long peduncles, sometimes with 1–2 additional sessile spikelets at the base of stalked spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets more obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 1.3–1.7 m long.
Ecology
Muddy hollows in black cotton soil, moist valley bottoms in Combretum woodland, edges of rice fields, saline seepages, springs on gravel, lakesides; 30–1550 m
Distribution
Flora districts: K3 K4 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 Range: Ethiopia, Somalia; tropics and subtropics of the Old World

Native to:

Afghanistan, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Chad, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Haiti, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Canary Is.

Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [16182], Thailand K000467941
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15705], Thailand K000467942
Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [14243], Thailand K000467953
Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [4276], Thailand K000467944
Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [13030], Thailand K000467946
Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [6864], Thailand K000467939
Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [15705], Thailand K000467943
Feb 1, 1888 Ayres, P.B. [s.n.], Mauritius K000416683
Feb 1, 1888 Gardner, G. [1202], Pernambuco K000189034
Feb 1, 1888 Gardner, G. [1202], Pernambuco K000189036
Sep 1, 1887 Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189035
Kerr, A.F.G. [6767], Thailand K000467940
Schimizu, Fukuoka, N. [T7640], Thailand K000467947
Schimizu, T. [T7563], Thailand K000467948
Kerr, A.F.G. [6979], Thailand K000467949
Larsen, K. [2049], Thailand K000467950
Niyomdham, C. [1460], Thailand K000467952
Kurz, W.S. [s.n.], Andaman Is. K000974098
Kerr, A.F.G. [6707], Thailand K000467951
Chantaranothai, P. [90/353], Thailand K000467954
Smitinand, T. [5650], Thailand K000467945
Aug 1, 1955 Mueller, F.J.H.von [s.n.], Northern Territory Fimbristylis sieberiana K000974348 lectotype
Bidgood, S. [6141], Tanzania Fimbristylis ferruginea subsp. sieberiana K000468284

First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 291 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • Verloove, F. (2012). Notes on some Cyperaceae from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 93-99.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 361, 370, 371, 373.
  • Enum. 2: 291 (1805)
  • F.T.A. 8: 417

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
  • Verloove, F. (2012). Notes on some Cyperaceae from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 93-99.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Am. J. Bot. 39: 375 (1952)
  • Cafferty & Jarvis in Taxon 53: 180 (2004).
  • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 2: 122 (1899)
  • Delile, Fl. Egypte: 10, t. 6, fig. 3 (1812)
  • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 606 (1895)
  • Enum. Pl. 2: 291 (1805)
  • F.T.A. 8: 417 (1902)
  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2 3: 321, fig. 409 (1972)
  • Fl. Br. India 6: 638 (1893)
  • Fl. Cap. 7: 201 (1898)
  • Fl. Eth. 6: 409 (1997)
  • Fl. Somalia 4: 108 (1995)
  • Flora 62: 564 (1879)
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 25 (110): 10 (1965)
  • Linnaea 37: 16 (1871)
  • Niger Fl.: 554 (1849)
  • P.O.A. C: 124 (1895)
  • Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot.: 544 (1864)
  • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 216 (1867)
  • Strelitzia 2: 92, figs 38A, D (1995)
  • Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, Bot. 2: 149 (1884)
  • Urb. Symb. Antill. 2: 78 (1900)

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/