1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Fimbristylis Vahl
      1. Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical to Caucasus.

    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Stout tufted erect perennial 45–75 cm. high
    Leaves
    Narrow leaves
    Inflorescences
    Small dense panicles of few to many spikelets bracts of very variable length; spikelets lanceolate, grey rust coloured
    Ecology
    Brackish swamps and damp grassland.
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: Herb. van Royen 902.77–420 (L, lecto., chosen by Adams)
    Habit
    Tufted perennial 0.3–1.1 m tall with short rhizome forming clumps 60 cm wide.
    Stem
    Stems compressed, 1–2 mm wide, glabrous or with scattered spine-like or obtuse teeth
    Leaves
    Leaf sheaths greyish pale brown or brown; blades up to 30 cm long, 1.5–2 mm wide
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence open or less so and sometimes subcapitate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets few to many, shortly stalked to sessile or subsessile, brown or greyish, 5–18 mm long, 3–5 mm wide, ± acute.
    Glume
    Glumes reddish-brown, paler at base and near the excurrent midrib, 3–4 mm long, densely set with short whitish hairs in upper part
    Stamens
    Stamens 3
    Style
    Style 2-branched
    Fruits
    Nutlet straw-coloured, obovoid-lenticular, 1–1.9 mm long, almost smooth, the surface cells very small, isodiametric
    Figures
    Fig. 10, p56

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., Chad, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Haiti, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malaya, Maluku, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Palestine, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is.

    Fimbristylis ferruginea (L.) Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [16182], Thailand K000467941
    Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15705], Thailand K000467942
    Jan 1, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [14243], Thailand K000467953
    Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [6864], Thailand K000467939
    Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [15705], Thailand K000467943
    Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [4276], Thailand K000467944
    Feb 1, 1960 Kerr, A.F.G. [13030], Thailand K000467946
    Feb 1, 1888 Gardner, G. [1202], Pernambuco K000189036
    Feb 1, 1888 Gardner, G. [1202], Pernambuco K000189034
    Feb 1, 1888 Ayres, P.B. [s.n.], Mauritius K000416683
    Sep 1, 1887 Salzmann, P. [s.n.], Bahia K000189035
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6767], Thailand K000467940
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6979], Thailand K000467949
    Kerr, A.F.G. [6707], Thailand K000467951
    Larsen, K. [2049], Thailand K000467950
    Smitinand, T. [5650], Thailand K000467945
    Chantaranothai, P. [90/353], Thailand K000467954
    Niyomdham, C. [1460], Thailand K000467952
    Schimizu, T. [T7563], Thailand K000467948
    Schimizu, Fukuoka, N. [T7640], Thailand K000467947
    Kurz, W.S. [s.n.], Andaman Is. K000974098

    First published in Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 291 (1805)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Verloove, F. (2012). Notes on some Cyperaceae from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 93-99.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
    • Tanaka, N., Koyama, T. & Murata, J. (2005). The flowering plants of Mt. Popa, central Myanmar - Results of Myanmar-Japanese joint expeditions, 2000-2004 Makinoa 5: 1-102.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 361, 370, 371, 373.
    • F.T.A. 8: 417
    • Enum. 2: 291 (1805)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Verloove, F. (2012). Notes on some Cyperaceae from Gran Canaria (Canary islands, Spain) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 93-99.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni) Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
    • Debnath, H.S. (2004). Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar islands: taxonomy and ecology: 1-133. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Turner, I.M., Xing, F. & Corlett, R.T. (2000). An annotated check-list of the vascular plants of the South China Sea and its shores The Raffles bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. 8: 23-116.
    • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cafferty & Jarvis in Taxon 53: 180 (2004).
    • Fl. Eth. 6: 409 (1997)
    • Fl. Somalia 4: 108 (1995)
    • Strelitzia 2: 92, figs 38A, D (1995)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2 3: 321, fig. 409 (1972)
    • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 25 (110): 10 (1965)
    • Am. J. Bot. 39: 375 (1952)
    • F.T.A. 8: 417 (1902)
    • Urb. Symb. Antill. 2: 78 (1900)
    • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 2: 122 (1899)
    • Fl. Cap. 7: 201 (1898)
    • P.O.A. C: 124 (1895)
    • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 606 (1895)
    • Fl. Br. India 6: 638 (1893)
    • Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, Bot. 2: 149 (1884)
    • Flora 62: 564 (1879)
    • Linnaea 37: 16 (1871)
    • Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 216 (1867)
    • Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot.: 544 (1864)
    • Niger Fl.: 554 (1849)
    • Delile, Fl. Egypte: 10, t. 6, fig. 3 (1812)
    • Enum. Pl. 2: 291 (1805)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0