1. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Frangula Mill.
      1. Frangula polymorpha Reissek

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Panama to S. Tropical America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru

    Frangula polymorpha Reissek appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1978 Spruce, R. [6017], Ecuador Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000201281 isotype
    Lehmann, F.C. [5803], Colombia Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537311
    Lehmann, F.C. [5803], Colombia Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537312
    Hassler, E. [4714], Paraguay Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537317 isotype
    Bang, M. [1891], Bolivia Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537313
    Bang, M. [351], Bolivia Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537314
    Spruce, R. [4877], Peru Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000110037 isotype
    Spruce, R. [4877], Peru Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000110487 isotype
    Spruce, R. [5825], Ecuador Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000201277
    Spruce, R. [5825], Ecuador Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000201279
    Spruce, R. [6017], Ecuador Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000201280 isotype
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537321
    Sello [2089], Brazil Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537320
    Sello [s.n.], Brazil Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537319 Unknown type material
    Kuntze, O. [1520], Venezuela Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537315 isotype
    Sellow [2089.2048], Brazil Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens K000537318

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 11(1): 91 (1861)

    Not accepted by

    • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224. [Cited as Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens.]
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden. [Cited as Rhamnus sphaerosperma var. pubescens.]
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [Cited as Rhamnus sphaerosperma.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0