1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Froesiochloa G.A.Black
      1. Froesiochloa boutelouoides G.A.Black

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Guyana to N. & NE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 20-30 cm long. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades ovate; 3-8 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-4; borne along a central axis; lanceolate; unilateral; 1.2-1.8 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1 fertile spikelets on each. Central inflorescence axis 2-3 cm long. Rhachis deciduous from axis; flattened. Sexes segregated; on bisexual branches; with male below. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Male spikelets sessile; 6-10 in a cluster. Pedicels cuneate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 15 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 5-9 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 15 mm long; 2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 5-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins with cross-veins. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma elliptic; 6 mm long; indurate; pallid; without keel. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea indurate; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Filaments united in a tube.
    Spikelets
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; hairy (ciliate). Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (1mm). Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; hairy (ciliate). Male spikelet glumes absent. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined; awned (1mm).
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and Brazil.
    Reference
    Olyreae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Guyana

    Froesiochloa boutelouoides G.A.Black appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 29, 2013 Calderón, C.E. [2273], Brazil K000997243

    First published in Bol. Técn. Inst. Agron. N. 20: 30 (1950)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0