Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial or epiphytic herb (16–)28–30(–40) cm. high, entirely glabrous.
Morphology Roots
Roots stout, verruculose.
Vegetative Multiplication Pseudobulbs
Pseudobulbs congested, ovoid, ovoid-oblong or stout and cylindrical, (2–)2.5–4 cm. long, 1-leaved, concealed and exceeded by several pale brown, ovate-elliptic, acute, imbricate, evanescent cataphylls.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, acute, duplicate, particularly towards base; lamina (10–)15–28(–40) cm. long, 2.5–4.5(–6) cm. broad, with the median nerve prominent on lower surface, greyish green, with darker green transverse, irregular banding or mottling; petiole 1–8 cm., regularly articulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence simple or with 1 or 2 short branches, 5–12(–20) cm. long, 3–4 cm. broad, erect, lax, 6–12(–20)-flowered, sometimes branched at base; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, scarious, lowermost to 17 mm. long, uppermost to 4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers porrect; sepals and petals translucent greenish white or pinkish green, sometimes straw-coloured; lip greenish white or cream with rose-pink nerves on the side lobes and 2 rose-pink blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; calli white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spur greenish white, flushed rose-pink or brownish green; column cream; pedicel and ovary slender, 10–13(–15) mm. long. Spur short, stout, oblong-clavate, rounded, straight, 4–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Dorsal sepal linear-ligulate or linear-elliptic, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, incurved, (8–)10–12(–13) mm. long, 2–3.2 mm. broad; lateral sepals linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, falcate, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, (6–)7.5–9(–11) mm. long, 2–3.3(–4.6) mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals oblong-elliptic, oblique, acute, 3-nerved, broader than sepals, (8.3–)10–11.2 mm. long, (2–)3.3–4.6 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip projected forwards, articulated at the base, distinctly 3-lobed, subquadrate in outline, glabrous, 7–9 mm. long; mid-lobe broadly obovate or reniform, abruptly and shortly clawed at the base, lobulate, retuse or ± truncate, longer than side lobes, 3.5–4.2 mm. long, (6–)7–8(–10) mm. broad; side lobes semiobovate, rounded, not saccate at the base, erect, somewhat incurved, nerves not prominent, shorter than mid-lobe; disc with 2 approximate, obliquely semiobovate, divergent basal keels, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column erect, oblong, oblique at base or with a short foot, 4–5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad; anther oblong, ± 2.2 mm. long.
Habitat
Amongst leaf-mould in shade in rain-forest, rocky scrub near the sea, shady river banks or epiphytic on savannah trees; 0–1200 m.
Distribution
P T6 T7 U2 U3 Z

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:2. 1998

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous, terrestrial herb 20–40 cm high; roots stout, c. 4 mm in diameter.
Vegetative Multiplication Pseudobulbs
Pseudobulbs 2–4 × 1.5–2 cm, ovoid, oblong or cylindrical, covered when young with pale brown imbricate cataphylls, 1-leafed.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf with a petiole 1–2 cm long, articulated ± at the base; lamina 10–30 × 2.5–5 cm, oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, conduplicate towards the base, coriaceous, grey-green mottled with dark green.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence erect, simple or with 1–2 short branches, fairly laxly 10–20-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Pedicel and ovary 10–12 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, up to 20 mm long at base of the inflorescence.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals greenish-white, greenish-pink or straw-coloured; lip white with 2 purple-red blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; side lobes purple-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 7–13 × 2–3.2 mm, linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse to acute, the dorsal sepal erect, the lateral sepals deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 8.5–11 × 2–4.5 mm, oblong-elliptic, oblique, obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 7–9 mm long, 3-lobed; side lobes erect; mid-lobe 3.5–4.2 mm long, 6–10 mm wide, broadly obovate or reniform, emarginate; disk with 2 approximate, divergent, glabrous basal keels; spur 4–5 mm long, stout, straight, bulbous at tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 4–5 mm long, 2 mm wide, oblique at base or with a short foot.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 500 - 1200 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, epífita
Conservation
No Evaluada

[E-EM]
General Description

Glabrous, terrestrial herb 20–40 cm high; roots stout, c. 4 mm in diameter.Pseudobulbs 2–4 × 1.5–2 cm, ovoid, oblong or cylindrical, covered when young with pale brown imbricate cataphylls, 1-leafed.Leaf with a petiole 1–2 cm long, articulated ± at the base; lamina 10–30 × 2.5–5 cm, oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, conduplicate towards the base, coriaceous, grey-green mottled with dark green.Inflorescence erect, simple or with 1–2 short branches, fairly laxly 10–20-flowered.Pedicel and ovary 10–12 mm long; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, up to 20 mm long at base of the inflorescence.Sepals and petals greenish-white, greenish-pink or straw-coloured; lip white with 2 purple-red blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; side lobes purple-veined.Sepals 7–13 × 2–3.2 mm, linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse to acute, the dorsal sepal erect, the lateral sepals deflexed.Petals 8.5–11 × 2–4.5 mm, oblong-elliptic, oblique, obtuse.Lip 7–9 mm long, 3-lobed; side lobes erect; mid-lobe 3.5–4.2 mm long, 6–10 mm wide, broadly obovate or reniform, emarginate; disk with 2 approximate, divergent, glabrous basal keels; spur 4–5 mm long, stout, straight, bulbous at tip.Column 4–5 mm long, 2 mm wide, oblique at base or with a short foot.

A terrestrial or epiphytic herb (16–)28–30(–40) cm. high, entirely glabrous; roots stout, verruculose. Pseudobulbs congested, ovoid, ovoid-oblong or stout and cylindrical, (2–)2.5–4 cm. long, 1-leaved, concealed and exceeded by several pale brown, ovate-elliptic, acute, imbricate, evanescent cataphylls. Leaves oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, acute, duplicate, particularly towards base; lamina (10–)15–28(–40) cm. long, 2.5–4.5(–6) cm. broad, with the median nerve prominent on lower surface, greyish green, with darker green transverse, irregular banding or mottling; petiole 1–8 cm., regularly articulate. Inflorescence simple or with 1 or 2 short branches, 5–12(–20) cm. long, 3–4 cm. broad, erect, lax, 6–12(–20)-flowered, sometimes branched at base; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, scarious, lowermost to 17 mm. long, uppermost to 4 mm. long. Flowers porrect; sepals and petals translucent greenish white or pinkish green, sometimes straw-coloured; lip greenish white or cream with rose-pink nerves on the side lobes and 2 rose-pink blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; calli white; spur greenish white, flushed rose-pink or brownish green; column cream; pedicel and ovary slender, 10–13(–15) mm. long. Dorsal sepal linear-ligulate or linear-elliptic, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, incurved, (8–)10–12(–13) mm. long, 2–3.2 mm. broad; lateral sepals linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, falcate, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, (6–)7.5–9(–11) mm. long, 2–3.3(–4.6) mm. broad. Petals oblong-elliptic, oblique, acute, 3-nerved, broader than sepals, (8.3–)10–11.2 mm. long, (2–)3.3–4.6 mm. broad. Lip projected forwards, articulated at the base, distinctly 3-lobed, subquadrate in outline, glabrous, 7–9 mm. long; mid-lobe broadly obovate or reniform, abruptly and shortly clawed at the base, lobulate, retuse or ± truncate, longer than side lobes, 3.5–4.2 mm. long, (6–)7–8(–10) mm. broad; side lobes semiobovate, rounded, not saccate at the base, erect, somewhat incurved, nerves not prominent, shorter than mid-lobe; disc with 2 approximate, obliquely semiobovate, divergent basal keels, glabrous; spur short, stout, oblong-clavate, rounded, straight, 4–5 mm. long. Column erect, oblong, oblique at base or with a short foot, 4–5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad; anther oblong, ± 2.2 mm. long.

Habitat

Amongst leaf-mould in shade in rain-forest, rocky scrub near the sea, shady river banks or epiphytic on savannah trees; 0–1200 m.

In leaf litter in shade of riverine forest or woodland, rarely a low-level epiphyte

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Oeceoclades maculata (Lindl.) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2004 Dawe, M.J. [s.n.], Rio Grande do Norte K000293756
Jun 1, 2004 Bahia K000293761
Jan 1, 2004 Pirani, J.R. et al. [5458], Bahia K000396045
Jan 1, 2003 Aguilar, M. [2619], Mexico K000453752
Jan 1, 2003 Álvarez, D. [2262], Mexico K000453750
Jan 1, 2003 Aguilar, M. [7704], Mexico K000453751
Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2781], Cameroon K000025411
Jan 1, 1999 Stannard, B. [H51842], Bahia K000293760
Jan 1, 1995 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [4499], Guyana K000453755
Jan 1, 1995 Melo, E. [1271], Bahia K000293758
Jan 1, 1992 Thomas, W.W. [9132], Bahia K000293757
Jan 1, 1982 Pereira, B.A.S. [249], Brazil K000453759
May 18, 1981 Reekmans, M. [9565], Burundi K000453770
Dec 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17264], Bahia K000293762
Dec 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17264], Bahia K000293763
Nov 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17579], Bahia K000293759
Nov 1, 1973 Cours, G. [3983], Madagascar K000453746
Nov 1, 1973 Cours, G. [3983], Madagascar K000453747
Jul 9, 1912 Stolz, A [1466], Tanzania K000078280 isosyntype
Harley, W.J. [1825], Liberia 10949.000
Melville, F.A. [375], Sierra Leone 12864.000
Jones, A.P.D. [13733A], Nigeria 12865.000
18982.000
Cox, J.K. [96], Ghana 19961.000
Milne-Redhead, E. [5143], Sierra Leone 19968.000
Tanzania 19972.000
19973.000
Odgers [163], Zambia 25262.000
Congo 25315.000
Eggeling, W.J. [5873], Uganda 29171.000
Erskine, C.M. [E89], Brazil 35371.000
Erskine, C. [17264], Brazil 35374.000
Brazil 40344.000
Brazil 40389.000
Brazil 41094.000
Philcox, D. [8239], Trinidad & Tobago 41145.000
42602.000
Leedal, P., Tanzania 45001.000
Madagascar 56430.000
8831.000
8832.000
8833.000
8834.000
Cunningham van Someren, G.R., Uganda 8835.000
Brazil 8836.000
Stevart [394], Cameroon 71945.000
Stolz, A. [1909], Tanzania K000078279 isosyntype
Togo K000078281
Forbes [s.n.], Brazil K000463053
Milliken, W. [115], Venezuela K000453762
Jongkind, C.C.H. [1284], Ghana K000453766
Luke, P.A. [3953], Kenya K000453772
Frimodt-Moller, C. [165], Tanzania K000453773
Philcox, D. [8239], Trinidad & Tobago K000453754
Gardner [6090], Maranhão K000886143
Chase, M.W.C. [84435], Peru 75656.000
Stern, W.L. [s.n.], USA K000453748
Gilagiza, B.M. [102], Tanzania K000453775
Burchell [8702], Brazil K000886146
Adams, P.H. [3077], Bahamas K000453753
Ule, E. [8111], Roraima K000886144
Milliken, W. [577], Brazil K000453760
s.coll. [14301], Brazil K000453756
Gardner [3997], Tocantins K000886145
Pickering, C.H.C., Mozambique Oeceoclades mackenii 10950.000
Mozambique Oeceoclades mackenii 19965.000
Ward, C.J. [61], South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii 46533.000
Oeceoclades mackenii 613.000
Ball, J.S. [318], Zimbabwe Oeceoclades mackenii 8837.000
McKen [11], South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii K000078299 holotype
South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii K000078300 Unknown type material
Mauritius Oeceoclades monophylla K000078484
Mauritius Oeceoclades monophylla K000078485
Jan 1, 1960 Muro, C.E. [1549], Peru Eulophidium maculatum K000453761
Jan 2, 1957 Thomas, N.W. [2196], Nigeria Eulophidium maculatum K000453765
Jan 2, 1957 Small, D. [818], Sierra Leone Eulophidium maculatum K000453767
Jan 2, 1957 Vaughan, P. [2110], Tanzania Eulophidium maculatum K000453776
Jan 2, 1957 Myers, J.G. [9160], Sudan Eulophidium maculatum K000453771
Jan 2, 1957 Vaughan, P. [2062], Tanzania Eulophidium maculatum K000453777
Jan 2, 1957 Wood, G. [265], Uganda Eulophidium maculatum K000453774
Jan 1, 1957 Woolston, A.L. [812], Paraguay Eulophidium maculatum K000453757
Cabrera, A.L. [27749], Argentina Eulophidium maculatum K000453763
Melville, F.A. [375], Sierra Leone Eulophidium maculatum K000453769
s.coll. [2226], Guinea-Bissau Eulophidium maculatum K000453768
Pabst, G. [373], Brazil Eulophidium maculatum K000453758
Sanderson [1054], South Africa Eulophia maculata K000078301 Unknown type material

First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 237 (1833)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baptista, J.A.N., Bianchetti, L.B. & Pellizzaro, K.F. (2005). Orchidaceae da Reserva Ecológia do Guará, D.F., Brasil Acta Botanica Brasilica 19: 221-232.
  • Bocayuva Cunha, M.F. & Campostrini Forzza, R. (2007). Orchidaceae no Parque Natural Municipal da Prainha, RJ, Brasil Acta Botanica Brasilica 21: 383-400.
  • Chiron, G.R. & Bolsanello, R.X. (2013). Orchidées du Brésil. As orquídeas da Serra do Castelo (Espírito Santo, Brasil) 3: 1-389. Chiron.
  • Cohen, I.M. & Ackerman, J.D. (2009). Oeceoclades maculata, an alien tropical orchid in a Caribbean rainforest Annals of Botany 104: 557-563.
  • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ferreira, A.W.C., Lima, M.I.S. & Pansarin, E.R. (2010). Orchidaceae na região central de São Paulo, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 61: 243-259.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
  • Luke, Q. (2005). Annotated checklist of the plants of the Shimba Hills, Kwale District, Kenya Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum 94: 5-120.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Neto, L.M., Almeida, V.R. & Forzza, R.C. (2004). A família Orchidaceae na Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 137-156.
  • Noguera-Savelli, E. & Cetzal-Ix, W. (2014). Revisión e integración del conocimiento de las Orchidaceae de Tabasco, México Botanical Sciences 92: 519-540.
  • Pansarin, E.R. & Pansarin, L.M. (2008). A família Orchidaceae na Serra do Japi, São Paulo, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 59: 87-98.
  • Schinini, A. (2010). Orquídeas nativas del Paraguay Rojasiana 9: 1-316.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast Ruizia 20: 1-396.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Toscano de Brito, A.L.V. & Cribb, P. (2006). Orquídeas da Chapada Diamantina: 1-400. Nova Fronteira, Brazil.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
  • de Fraga, C.N. & Peixoto, A.L. (2004). Florística e ecologia das Orchidaceae das restingas do estado do Espírito Santo Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 5-20.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Not accepted by

  • Bernet, P. (2010). Orchidées de la Réunion: 1-368. Naturae Amici éditions. [Cited as Oeceoclades monophylla.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Luke, Q. (2005). Annotated checklist of the plants of the Shimba Hills, Kwale District, Kenya Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum 94: 5-120.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Neto, L.M., Almeida, V.R. & Forzza, R.C. (2004). A família Orchidaceae na Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 137-156.
  • Noguera-Savelli, E. & Cetzal-Ix, W. (2014). Revisión e integración del conocimiento de las Orchidaceae de Tabasco, México Botanical Sciences 92: 519-540.
  • Sayers, B. & Du Plooy, H. (2003). Additions to the Orchid Flora of Belize Lankesteriana 8: 1-3.
  • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
  • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.

Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org

  • Lindley, J. Original description of Oeceoclades maculata. (1830).at

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Garay & Taylor in Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harv. Univ. 24: 266 (1976).
  • Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl.: 237 (1833).
  • Summerh. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 397 (1957).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/