1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Oeceoclades Lindl.
      1. Oeceoclades maculata (Lindl.) Lindl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    A terrestrial or epiphytic herb (16–)28–30(–40) cm. high, entirely glabrous.
    Roots
    Roots stout, verruculose.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs congested, ovoid, ovoid-oblong or stout and cylindrical, (2–)2.5–4 cm. long, 1-leaved, concealed and exceeded by several pale brown, ovate-elliptic, acute, imbricate, evanescent cataphylls.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, acute, duplicate, particularly towards base; lamina (10–)15–28(–40) cm. long, 2.5–4.5(–6) cm. broad, with the median nerve prominent on lower surface, greyish green, with darker green transverse, irregular banding or mottling; petiole 1–8 cm., regularly articulate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence simple or with 1 or 2 short branches, 5–12(–20) cm. long, 3–4 cm. broad, erect, lax, 6–12(–20)-flowered, sometimes branched at base; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, scarious, lowermost to 17 mm. long, uppermost to 4 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers porrect; sepals and petals translucent greenish white or pinkish green, sometimes straw-coloured; lip greenish white or cream with rose-pink nerves on the side lobes and 2 rose-pink blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; calli white.
    Spur
    Spur greenish white, flushed rose-pink or brownish green; column cream; pedicel and ovary slender, 10–13(–15) mm. long. Spur short, stout, oblong-clavate, rounded, straight, 4–5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal linear-ligulate or linear-elliptic, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, incurved, (8–)10–12(–13) mm. long, 2–3.2 mm. broad; lateral sepals linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, falcate, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, (6–)7.5–9(–11) mm. long, 2–3.3(–4.6) mm. broad.
    Corolla
    Petals oblong-elliptic, oblique, acute, 3-nerved, broader than sepals, (8.3–)10–11.2 mm. long, (2–)3.3–4.6 mm. broad.
    Labellum
    Lip projected forwards, articulated at the base, distinctly 3-lobed, subquadrate in outline, glabrous, 7–9 mm. long; mid-lobe broadly obovate or reniform, abruptly and shortly clawed at the base, lobulate, retuse or ± truncate, longer than side lobes, 3.5–4.2 mm. long, (6–)7–8(–10) mm. broad; side lobes semiobovate, rounded, not saccate at the base, erect, somewhat incurved, nerves not prominent, shorter than mid-lobe; disc with 2 approximate, obliquely semiobovate, divergent basal keels, glabrous.
    Column
    Column erect, oblong, oblique at base or with a short foot, 4–5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad; anther oblong, ± 2.2 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Amongst leaf-mould in shade in rain-forest, rocky scrub near the sea, shady river banks or epiphytic on savannah trees; 0–1200 m.
    Distribution
    P T6 T7 U2 U3 Z
    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:2. 1998

    Habit
    Glabrous, terrestrial herb 20–40 cm high; roots stout, c. 4 mm in diameter.
    Pseudobulbs
    Pseudobulbs 2–4 × 1.5–2 cm, ovoid, oblong or cylindrical, covered when young with pale brown imbricate cataphylls, 1-leafed.
    Leaves
    Leaf with a petiole 1–2 cm long, articulated ± at the base; lamina 10–30 × 2.5–5 cm, oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, conduplicate towards the base, coriaceous, grey-green mottled with dark green.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence erect, simple or with 1–2 short branches, fairly laxly 10–20-flowered.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Pedicel and ovary 10–12 mm long.
    Bracts
    Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, up to 20 mm long at base of the inflorescence.
    Perianth
    Sepals and petals greenish-white, greenish-pink or straw-coloured; lip white with 2 purple-red blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; side lobes purple-veined.
    Calyx
    Sepals 7–13 × 2–3.2 mm, linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse to acute, the dorsal sepal erect, the lateral sepals deflexed.
    Corolla
    Petals 8.5–11 × 2–4.5 mm, oblong-elliptic, oblique, obtuse.
    Labellum
    Lip 7–9 mm long, 3-lobed; side lobes erect; mid-lobe 3.5–4.2 mm long, 6–10 mm wide, broadly obovate or reniform, emarginate; disk with 2 approximate, divergent, glabrous basal keels; spur 4–5 mm long, stout, straight, bulbous at tip.
    Column
    Column 4–5 mm long, 2 mm wide, oblique at base or with a short foot.
    [E-EM]
    General Description

    Glabrous, terrestrial herb 20–40 cm high; roots stout, c. 4 mm in diameter.Pseudobulbs 2–4 × 1.5–2 cm, ovoid, oblong or cylindrical, covered when young with pale brown imbricate cataphylls, 1-leafed.Leaf with a petiole 1–2 cm long, articulated ± at the base; lamina 10–30 × 2.5–5 cm, oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, conduplicate towards the base, coriaceous, grey-green mottled with dark green.Inflorescence erect, simple or with 1–2 short branches, fairly laxly 10–20-flowered.Pedicel and ovary 10–12 mm long; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, up to 20 mm long at base of the inflorescence.Sepals and petals greenish-white, greenish-pink or straw-coloured; lip white with 2 purple-red blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; side lobes purple-veined.Sepals 7–13 × 2–3.2 mm, linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate, obtuse to acute, the dorsal sepal erect, the lateral sepals deflexed.Petals 8.5–11 × 2–4.5 mm, oblong-elliptic, oblique, obtuse.Lip 7–9 mm long, 3-lobed; side lobes erect; mid-lobe 3.5–4.2 mm long, 6–10 mm wide, broadly obovate or reniform, emarginate; disk with 2 approximate, divergent, glabrous basal keels; spur 4–5 mm long, stout, straight, bulbous at tip.Column 4–5 mm long, 2 mm wide, oblique at base or with a short foot.

    A terrestrial or epiphytic herb (16–)28–30(–40) cm. high, entirely glabrous; roots stout, verruculose. Pseudobulbs congested, ovoid, ovoid-oblong or stout and cylindrical, (2–)2.5–4 cm. long, 1-leaved, concealed and exceeded by several pale brown, ovate-elliptic, acute, imbricate, evanescent cataphylls. Leaves oblong-oblanceolate or oblong-elliptic, acute, duplicate, particularly towards base; lamina (10–)15–28(–40) cm. long, 2.5–4.5(–6) cm. broad, with the median nerve prominent on lower surface, greyish green, with darker green transverse, irregular banding or mottling; petiole 1–8 cm., regularly articulate. Inflorescence simple or with 1 or 2 short branches, 5–12(–20) cm. long, 3–4 cm. broad, erect, lax, 6–12(–20)-flowered, sometimes branched at base; bracts lanceolate, acuminate, scarious, lowermost to 17 mm. long, uppermost to 4 mm. long. Flowers porrect; sepals and petals translucent greenish white or pinkish green, sometimes straw-coloured; lip greenish white or cream with rose-pink nerves on the side lobes and 2 rose-pink blotches at the base of the mid-lobe; calli white; spur greenish white, flushed rose-pink or brownish green; column cream; pedicel and ovary slender, 10–13(–15) mm. long. Dorsal sepal linear-ligulate or linear-elliptic, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, incurved, (8–)10–12(–13) mm. long, 2–3.2 mm. broad; lateral sepals linear-ligulate or narrowly oblanceolate-oblong, falcate, obtuse to acute, 3-nerved, (6–)7.5–9(–11) mm. long, 2–3.3(–4.6) mm. broad. Petals oblong-elliptic, oblique, acute, 3-nerved, broader than sepals, (8.3–)10–11.2 mm. long, (2–)3.3–4.6 mm. broad. Lip projected forwards, articulated at the base, distinctly 3-lobed, subquadrate in outline, glabrous, 7–9 mm. long; mid-lobe broadly obovate or reniform, abruptly and shortly clawed at the base, lobulate, retuse or ± truncate, longer than side lobes, 3.5–4.2 mm. long, (6–)7–8(–10) mm. broad; side lobes semiobovate, rounded, not saccate at the base, erect, somewhat incurved, nerves not prominent, shorter than mid-lobe; disc with 2 approximate, obliquely semiobovate, divergent basal keels, glabrous; spur short, stout, oblong-clavate, rounded, straight, 4–5 mm. long. Column erect, oblong, oblique at base or with a short foot, 4–5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad; anther oblong, ± 2.2 mm. long.

    Habitat

    Amongst leaf-mould in shade in rain-forest, rocky scrub near the sea, shady river banks or epiphytic on savannah trees; 0–1200 m.

    In leaf litter in shade of riverine forest or woodland, rarely a low-level epiphyte

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Oeceoclades maculata (Lindl.) Lindl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2004 Bahia K000293761
    Jun 1, 2004 Dawe, M.J. [s.n.], Rio Grande do Norte K000293756
    Jan 1, 2004 Pirani, J.R. et al. [5458], Bahia K000396045
    Jan 1, 2003 Álvarez, D. [2262], Mexico K000453750
    Jan 1, 2003 Aguilar, M. [7704], Mexico K000453751
    Jan 1, 2003 Aguilar, M. [2619], Mexico K000453752
    Jan 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [2781], Cameroon K000025411
    Jan 1, 1999 Stannard, B. [H51842], Bahia K000293760
    Jan 1, 1995 Melo, E. [1271], Bahia K000293758
    Jan 1, 1995 Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [4499], Guyana K000453755
    Jan 1, 1992 Thomas, W.W. [9132], Bahia K000293757
    Jan 1, 1982 Pereira, B.A.S. [249], Brazil K000453759
    May 18, 1981 Reekmans, M. [9565], Burundi K000453770
    Dec 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17264], Bahia K000293762
    Dec 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17264], Bahia K000293763
    Nov 1, 1974 Harley, R.M. [17579], Bahia K000293759
    Nov 1, 1973 Cours, G. [3983], Madagascar K000453746
    Nov 1, 1973 Cours, G. [3983], Madagascar K000453747
    Jul 9, 1912 Stolz, A [1466], Tanzania K000078280 isosyntype
    18982.000
    Tanzania 19972.000
    19973.000
    Congo 25315.000
    Brazil 40344.000
    Brazil 40389.000
    Brazil 41094.000
    42602.000
    Madagascar 56430.000
    8831.000
    8832.000
    8833.000
    8834.000
    Brazil 8836.000
    Togo K000078281
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5143], Sierra Leone 19968.000
    Cox, J.K. [96], Ghana 19961.000
    Eggeling, W.J. [5873], Uganda 29171.000
    Jones, A.P.D. [13733A], Nigeria 12865.000
    Harley, W.J. [1825], Liberia 10949.000
    Melville, F.A. [375], Sierra Leone 12864.000
    Philcox, D. [8239], Trinidad & Tobago 41145.000
    Philcox, D. [8239], Trinidad & Tobago K000453754
    Stolz, A. [1909], Tanzania K000078279 isosyntype
    Odgers [163], Zambia 25262.000
    Forbes [s.n.], Brazil K000463053
    Erskine, C.M. [E89], Brazil 35371.000
    Erskine, C. [17264], Brazil 35374.000
    Milliken, W. [577], Brazil K000453760
    Milliken, W. [115], Venezuela K000453762
    Burchell [8702], Brazil K000886146
    Leedal, P., Tanzania 45001.000
    Luke, P.A. [3953], Kenya K000453772
    Cunningham van Someren, G.R., Uganda 8835.000
    Ule, E. [8111], Roraima K000886144
    Chase, M.W.C. [84435], Peru 75656.000
    Stevart [394], Cameroon 71945.000
    Jongkind, C.C.H. [1284], Ghana K000453766
    Frimodt-Moller, C. [165], Tanzania K000453773
    Stern, W.L. [s.n.], USA K000453748
    Adams, P.H. [3077], Bahamas K000453753
    s.coll. [14301], Brazil K000453756
    Gilagiza, B.M. [102], Tanzania K000453775
    Gardner [6090], Maranhão K000886143
    Gardner [3997], Tocantins K000886145
    Mozambique Oeceoclades mackenii 19965.000
    Oeceoclades mackenii 613.000
    Ball, J.S. [318], Zimbabwe Oeceoclades mackenii 8837.000
    Pickering, C.H.C., Mozambique Oeceoclades mackenii 10950.000
    Ward, C.J. [61], South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii 46533.000
    South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii K000078300 Unknown type material
    McKen [11], South Africa Oeceoclades mackenii K000078299 holotype
    Mauritius Oeceoclades monophylla K000078484
    Mauritius Oeceoclades monophylla K000078485
    Jan 1, 1960 Muro, C.E. [1549], Peru Eulophidium maculatum K000453761
    Jan 2, 1957 Small, D. [818], Sierra Leone Eulophidium maculatum K000453767
    Jan 2, 1957 Myers, J.G. [9160], Sudan Eulophidium maculatum K000453771
    Jan 2, 1957 Wood, G. [265], Uganda Eulophidium maculatum K000453774
    Jan 2, 1957 Thomas, N.W. [2196], Nigeria Eulophidium maculatum K000453765
    Jan 2, 1957 Vaughan, P. [2110], Tanzania Eulophidium maculatum K000453776
    Jan 2, 1957 Vaughan, P. [2062], Tanzania Eulophidium maculatum K000453777
    Jan 1, 1957 Woolston, A.L. [812], Paraguay Eulophidium maculatum K000453757
    Melville, F.A. [375], Sierra Leone Eulophidium maculatum K000453769
    Pabst, G. [373], Brazil Eulophidium maculatum K000453758
    Cabrera, A.L. [27749], Argentina Eulophidium maculatum K000453763
    s.coll. [2226], Guinea-Bissau Eulophidium maculatum K000453768
    Sanderson [1054], South Africa Eulophia maculata K000078301 Unknown type material

    First published in Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 237 (1833)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Noguera-Savelli, E. & Cetzal-Ix, W. (2014). Revisión e integración del conocimiento de las Orchidaceae de Tabasco, México Botanical Sciences 92: 519-540.
    • Chiron, G.R. & Bolsanello, R.X. (2013). Orchidées du Brésil. As orquídeas da Serra do Castelo (Espírito Santo, Brasil) 3: 1-389. Chiron.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Ferreira, A.W.C., Lima, M.I.S. & Pansarin, E.R. (2010). Orchidaceae na região central de São Paulo, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 61: 243-259.
    • Schinini, A. (2010). Orquídeas nativas del Paraguay Rojasiana 9: 1-316.
    • Cohen, I.M. & Ackerman, J.D. (2009). Oeceoclades maculata, an alien tropical orchid in a Caribbean rainforest Annals of Botany 104: 557-563.
    • Cribb, P., Hermans, J. & Rakotoarinivo, M. (2009). Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar: 1-456. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Pansarin, E.R. & Pansarin, L.M. (2008). A família Orchidaceae na Serra do Japi, São Paulo, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 59: 87-98.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast Ruizia 20: 1-396.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Bocayuva Cunha, M.F. & Campostrini Forzza, R. (2007). Orchidaceae no Parque Natural Municipal da Prainha, RJ, Brasil Acta Botanica Brasilica 21: 383-400.
    • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Toscano de Brito, A.L.V. & Cribb, P. (2006). Orquídeas da Chapada Diamantina: 1-400. Nova Fronteira, Brazil.
    • Baptista, J.A.N., Bianchetti, L.B. & Pellizzaro, K.F. (2005). Orchidaceae da Reserva Ecológia do Guará, D.F., Brasil Acta Botanica Brasilica 19: 221-232.
    • Luke, Q. (2005). Annotated checklist of the plants of the Shimba Hills, Kwale District, Kenya Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum 94: 5-120.
    • Neto, L.M., Almeida, V.R. & Forzza, R.C. (2004). A família Orchidaceae na Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 137-156.
    • de Fraga, C.N. & Peixoto, A.L. (2004). Florística e ecologia das Orchidaceae das restingas do estado do Espírito Santo Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 5-20.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Bernet, P. (2010). Orchidées de la Réunion: 1-368. Naturae Amici éditions. [Cited as Oeceoclades monophylla.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Szlachetko, D.L. & Mytnik-Ejsmont, J. (2015). Orchidaceae of West-Central Africa 2: 1-300. Koeltz Scientific books, Koenigsheim, Germany.
    • Noguera-Savelli, E. & Cetzal-Ix, W. (2014). Revisión e integración del conocimiento de las Orchidaceae de Tabasco, México Botanical Sciences 92: 519-540.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Szlachetko, D. & Kowalkoska, A. (2007). Contributions to the orchid flora of Guinea, West Africa Polish Botanical Studies 25: 1-259.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Luke, Q. (2005). Annotated checklist of the plants of the Shimba Hills, Kwale District, Kenya Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum 94: 5-120.
    • Neto, L.M., Almeida, V.R. & Forzza, R.C. (2004). A família Orchidaceae na Reserva Biológica da Represa do Grama - Descoberto, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia; Revista do Instituto de Biologia Vegetal, Jardim Botânico e Estaçao Biologica do Itatiaya 55: 137-156.
    • Sayers, B. & Du Plooy, H. (2003). Additions to the Orchid Flora of Belize Lankesteriana 8: 1-3.
    Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org
    • Lindley, J. Original description of Oeceoclades maculata. (1830).at
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Garay & Taylor in Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harv. Univ. 24: 266 (1976).
    • Summerh. in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 27: 397 (1957).
    • Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl.: 237 (1833).

    Sources

    Eulophiinae: e-monocot.org
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    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0