1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Guadua Kunth
      1. Guadua angustifolia Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad, Venezuela to N. Peru. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders, as animal food, an ornamental plant and a medicine, has environmental uses, for firewood and for erosion control.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 2000-3000 cm long; 100-130 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 20 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths pubescent; hairy throughout; with dark brown hairs; without auricles. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades lanceolate, or oblong; 10-20 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty; 5-10 cm long; lax; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; straight, or curved; laterally compressed; 30-60 mm long; 4-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; straight, or curved; laterally compressed; 30-60 mm long; 4-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.8 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 11-17 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.5-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 11-17 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 8-16 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 11-17 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 6 -veined. Palea keels winged; conspicuously winged. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 10 - 2250 m.
    Conservation
    Least concern.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Habit
    Tree.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 10 - 2250 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Árbol
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [UPB]
    Animal Food
    Eaten by animals (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Environmental
    Live plant (in situ) - Protection of water resources (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Erosion Control
    Live plant (in situ) - Soil protection (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Ornamentals
    Ornamental (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Fuelwood
    Used as fuelwood (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Materials
    Used for crafts (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Wood
    Used for construction (Carvajal et al. 2014).
    Fibres
    Stems - Used for construction (Linares et al. 2008). Stems - Used for basketry (Linares et al. 2008).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Used to make musical instruments (Linares 1994).
    Medicines
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016, Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Galápagos, Guyana, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Guadua, bambú, bambú nativo, guadua cebolla, guadua macana, yaripa.

    Guadua angustifolia Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1962 Wurdack, J.J. [43186], Venezuela K000743052
    Hamilton, W.D. [39], Brazil K000947802
    Alston, R.A. [H879/27], Guyana K000743053

    First published in Syn. Pl. Aequin. 1: 253 (1822)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    • Kew Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) https://www.kew.org/science/data-and-resources/tools-and-services/medicinal-plant-names-services in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.or
    • Carvajal, L., Ariza, W., Caro, L., Valero, N. (2014). Especies forestales representativas del Sur Oriente de Boyacá. Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Colombia
    • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Castro, C. (Proveedor de metadatos), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). Versión 11.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
    • Linares, E.L., Galeano, G., García, N. & Figueroa, Y. (2008). Fibras vegetales utilizadas en artesanías en Colombia. Artesanías de Colombia S.A. , Instituto de Ciencias Naturales-Universidad Nacional de Colombia.
    • Linares, E. (1994). Inventario preliminar de las plantas utilizadas para elaborar artesanías en Colombia. Vniversitas Scientarium. Vol 2: 1-38
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • GBIF (2008- continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/