1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Andira Lam.
      1. Andira inermis (W.Wright) DC.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Papilionaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A savannah tree, 20–30 ft. high
    Flowers
    Handsome pink flowers
    Fruits
    Pendulous fruits, resembling a small mango.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guineo-Congolian forest., Sudanian woodland
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Tree
    Vernacular
    Aboranzork, Alemendro, Almendro, Almendro Cimarrou, Almendro De Rio, Andira Uchi, Andirauchi, Angelim, Angelim-branco, Angelim-liso, Angelin Tree, Angelino, Anndjelinn, Arenillo, Avineira, Bastard Mahogany, Bois Palmiste, Cabbage Bark, Cabbagebark, Cabbag
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Tree 7.5–10(–30) m. tall, with a somewhat columnar or pyramidal crown in Africa (often more spreading in America); bark fairly smooth, grey.
    Branches
    Branchlets with small reddish-brown mostly spreading hairs at the tips, soon glabrescent, covered with small closely arranged lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves 20–40 cm. long; stipules linear, 6–10 mm. long, caducous; stipels subulate, 1–5 mm. long; leaflets in 4–8 pairs, oblong-lanceolate or rather narrowly oblong to elliptic-oblong, 5–11(–17) cm. long, 2–5(–6) cm. wide, bluntly pointed to shortly acuminate, cuneate or shortly rounded at the base, soon glabrescent except sometimes for small hairs along the midrib beneath; midrib immersed above, very prominent beneath; lateral nerves fine, ± 12–18 on either side.
    Inflorescences
    Panicles terminal and axillary, well branched, 15–40(–60) cm. long, shortly brownish hairy; bracts linear-lanceolate, 2–3 mm. long, caducous; bracteoles inserted on very short pedicel, similar to bract.
    Calyx
    Calyx shortly toothed, 4–5 mm. long, purplish.
    Corolla
    Corolla 12–15 mm. long, pinkish to purplish-red; standard suborbicular, glabrous; wings as long as the keel.
    Fruits
    Fruit broadly ovoid or ellipsoid, slightly keeled, supported on a short thick stipe, 3.2–7.5 cm. long, rugulose, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, slightly pointed at either end and with a small protuberance just below the hilum, ± 2.5 cm. long; testa delicate, wrinkled.
    Distribution
    U1 West Africa to southern Sudan, also widespread in the West Indies and continental tropical America
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Wood

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mali, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Malaya, Paraguay, Sri Lanka, Tanzania

    Andira inermis (W.Wright) DC. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1438], Cameroon K000108153
    Dec 1, 1994 Maitland, T.D. [1064], Cameroon K000092565
    Dec 1, 1994 Maitland, T.D. [1064], Cameroon K000092566
    Mar 1, 1993 Linden [s.n], Brazil K000118479
    Jan 1, 1992 Cheek, M. [3579], Cameroon K000085074
    Jan 1, 1992 Cheek, M. [3579], Cameroon K000085075
    Cameroon 47540.000
    Pennington, T.D. [13576], Costa Rica 58810.000
    63888.000
    Martii [1157], Brazil K000118472 holotype

    First published in Prodr. 2: 475 (1825)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 318, t. 47, 3–7.
    • Bak. f. Leg. Trop. Afr. 2: 563
    • Chev. Bot. 216
    • —F.T.A. 2: 246
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • van der Maesen, L.J.G. & Sosef, M.S.M. (2016). Flore du Gabon 49: 1-407. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni) Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fawcett & Rendle, Fl. Jamaica 4 (2): 84 (1920).
    • Benth. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 15 (1): 298, t. 116 (1862).
    • DC., Prodr. 2: 475 (1825).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Stevens, W. D., et al. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua, 85(2)... Missouri Bot. Gard. Press
    • Pennington, R. T. (1994). Taxonomy & Molecular Syst. of Andira. Unpublished D. Phil.
    • Keng, H. (1990). Concise Flora of Singapore. Singapore
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Lock, J. M. (1989). Legumes of Africa:a check-list. RBG Kew.
    • Howard, R. A. et al. (1988). Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
    • Liogier, A. H. (1988). Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Smith, A. C. (1985). Flora Vitiensis Nova, Vol. 3.
    • Santapau, H. & Henry, A. N. (1983). A dictionary of the flowering plants in India
    • Mattos, N. F. (1979). Acta Amazonica 9(2) :241-266 O genero Andira Lam. no Brasil
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Keay, R. W. J. (1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ed. 2;Vol. 1, part 2
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
    • Standley, P. C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946). Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5) :1-425 Leguminosae
    • Dalziel, J. M. (1937). The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa
    • Pio Correa, M. (1931). Dictionario das plantas Uteis do Brasil. 6v.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0