1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Entada Adans.
      1. Entada gigas (L.) Fawc. & Rendle

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to NW. Venezuela, Caribbean, Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Large liane up to 25 m. high, unarmed.
    Branches
    Young branchlets subglabrous to puberulous or perhaps sometimes pubescent.
    Leaves
    Rhachis of leaves with (1–)2 pairs of pinnae, and ending in a forked tendril; leaflets (3–)4(–5) pairs, elliptic to obovate-elliptic, often asymmetric, 1.8–8 cm. long, 0.8–4 cm. wide, emarginate at the obtuse or rounded apex, glabrous above except for the puberulous midrib, glabrous also beneath except near base of leaflet and (sometimes) for some pubescence along midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Spike-like racemes arising from stem about 3–5 mm. above leaf-axils, solitary, 8–25 cm. long, ± pubescent, on a peduncle 1.5–6 cm. long; pedicels 1–1.5(–2) mm. long, slender.
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy to greenish or yellowish.
    Calyx
    Calyx somewhat puberulous or glabrous, 1–1.25 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals 2.5–3 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 3.5–6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods gigantic, less woody than in E. pursaetha, twisted into a single or double lax spiral, with the sides also often twisted, 0.4–1.2 m. long and 7.5–12 cm. wide; outer layer of pod falling away to expose the thick, chartaceous, somewhat flexible inner layer.
    Seeds
    Seeds hard, about 4–5.5 cm. in diameter.
    Habitat
    Uncertain, but probably in riverine and lowland rain-forest; the cited specimens were collected at about 1310 and 1183 m. respectively
    Distribution
    U2 U4 Central and West Africa, also in Central America, the West Indies and Colombia
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    Large liane up to 25 m. high, unarmed; young branchlets subglabrous to puberulous or sometimes pubescent.
    Rachis
    Rhachis of leaves with (1)2 pairs of pinnae, and ending in a forked tendril; leaflets (3)4(5) pairs, 1·8-8 x 0·8-4 cm., elliptic to obovate-elliptic, often asymmetric, emarginate at the obtuse or rounded apex, glabrous above except for the puberulous midrib, glabrous also beneath except near the base of the leaflet and (sometimes) for some pubescence along the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Spike-like racemes arising from the stem c. 3-5 mm. above the leaf-axils, solitary, 8-25 cm. long, ± pubescent, on a peduncle 1·5-6 cm. long; pedicels 1-1·5(2) mm. long, slender.
    Flowers
    Flowers creamy to greenish or yellowish.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1-1·25 mm. long, somewhat puberulous or glabrous, sometimes pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 2·5-3 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 3·5-6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Pods gigantic, 40-120 cm. x 7·5-12 cm., less woody than in E. pursaetha, twisted into a single or double lax spiral, with the sides also often twisted; outer layer of pod falling away to expose the thick chartaceous somewhat flexible inner layer.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 4-5·5 cm. in diam., hard.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest., Zambezian forest, Guineo-Congolian forest.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Shrub
    Vernacular
    Cacoon, Cacorne, Caracol, Chocho, Habilla, Liane Cacorne, Samo, Sea Heart, Water Vine
    [FWTA]

    Mimosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A liane, similar to the preceding (Entada pursaetha)
    Fruits
    Coriaceous or subwoody pods curved into a single or double spiral.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Belize, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Entada gigas (L.) Fawc. & Rendle appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2007 Bourgeau, M. [3200], Mexico K000503312
    Dec 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11985], Cameroon K000460245
    Oct 8, 1955 Gossweiler, J. [4773], Angola K001276446
    Oct 8, 1955 Welwitsch, F.M.J. [1779], Angola K001276445

    First published in Fl. Jamaica 4: 124 (1920)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Brenan in Kew Bull. 1955: 164 (q.v. tor synonymy).
    • Fl. Jamaica 4, 2: 124, fig. 38, excl. fruit (1920)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 491 (1958).
    • Torre in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 257 (1956).
    • Brenan in Kew Bulletin 1955: 164 (1955).
    • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 785 (1930), pro parte.
    • Fawc. & Rendle, Fl. Jamaic. 4 (2): 124 (1920).
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Katz, C. & Paradine, P. J. (1999). The drifting seed 5(3) :16. Simple guide to common drift seeds
    • Zamora, N. V. (1991). Brenesia 36:63-149. Tratamiento ... Mimosaceae de Costa Rica
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Lock, J. M. (1985). Pers. obs.
    • Caballe, G. (1980). Adansonia, ser. 2, 20:309-320. Characteres.... Entada gigas...
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1970). Mimosoideae. In: Flora Zambeziaca Vol. 3(1). Brenan, JPM et al.
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1959). Mimosoideae. In: Fl. Trop. East Africa. Hubbard & Milne-Redhead

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0