1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Bignonia L.
      1. Bignonia binata Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil and NE. Argentina.

    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Habit
    Climber with long slender stems.
    Leaves
    Leaves with 2 leaflets and sometimes tendrils.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets elliptic to oblong-ovate, 6–15 × 3.5–6.5 cm, shortly to long-acuminate, entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–4, axillary or appearing terminal.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–6 mm long, truncate or minutely denticulate.
    Corolla
    Corolla lavender, pink or pale purplish with white centre; tube 2.5–5.5 cm long; lobes ovate, 1–2.5 × 1.5–2 cm.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 4–7 × 1.8–2.8 cm, densely echinate.
    Seeds
    Seeds discoid-cordiform, 2.5–3.5 × 1.2–3 cm.
    Note
    Native of Central and Northern America. No material has been seen from East Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay

    Bignonia binata Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Sasaki, D. [2439], Mato Grosso Clytostoma binatum K000579047
    Jan 1, 2008 Projeto Flora Cristalino [122], Mato Grosso Clytostoma binatum K000579048
    Nov 1, 2006 Projeto Flora Cristalino [439], Mato Grosso Clytostoma binatum K000447815
    Mar 5, 1998 Assis, M.A. [687], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977491
    Jan 1, 1997 Rodal, M.J.N. [637], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977489
    Jan 1, 1984 Amaral, I.L. [234], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977526
    Jan 1, 1984 Strudwick, J.J. [4226], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977493
    Jan 1, 1978 Lindeman, J.C. [3481], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977527
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [15212], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977494
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [7513], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977512
    Sep 6, 1962 Irwin, H.S. [48219], French Guiana Clytostoma binatum K000977504
    Sep 6, 1962 Irwin, H.S. [48212], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977505
    May 24, 1957 Pickel, B. [1850], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977497
    Apr 19, 1937 Usteri, A. [1], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977496
    Ducke, A. [2490], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977513
    Ducke, A. [2523], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977514
    Ducke, A. [2523], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977515
    Ducke, A. [2490], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977516
    Ducke, A. [2595], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977517
    Ducke, A. [2589], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977518
    Ducke, A. [2589], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977519
    Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977521
    Ducke, A. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977535
    Mee, M. [408], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977525
    Ratter, J.A. [6204], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977490
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977502
    Spruce, R. [276], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977503
    Guedes, M. [2307], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977537
    Usteri, A. [8], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977508
    Usteri, A. [5], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977509
    Matos, F.J. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977520
    Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977528
    Claussen, P. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977529
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977500
    Riedel [1110], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977511
    Krukoff, B.A. [1199], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977532
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977495
    Siqueira, R. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977536
    Sobrinho, V. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977498
    Prance, G.T. [14623], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977492
    Prance, G.T. [2345], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977523
    Prance, G.T. [2336], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977524
    Prance, G.T. [9506], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977530
    Prance, G.T. [1322], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977538
    Mello, J.C. [31], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977507
    Mello, J.C. [31], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977510
    Gardner [1068], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977522
    Burchell [2708], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977499
    Burchell [2708], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977501
    Burchell [4764], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977506
    Rodrigues, R.S. [s.n.], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977531
    Dardano [3145], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977533
    Huber, J.E. [968], Brazil Clytostoma binatum K000977534

    First published in Pl. Bras. 3: 35 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Zuntini, A.R., Taylor, C.M. & Lohmann, L.G. (2015). Deciphering the Neotropical Bignonia binata species complex (Bignoniaceae) Phytotaxa 219(1): 69-77.
    • Lohmann, L.G. & Taylor, C.M. (2014). A new generic classifiaction of tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 348-489.
    • Rodrigues de Moraes, P.L., De Smedt, S. & Hjertson, M. (2014). Notes on the Brazilian plants collected by Georg Wilhelm Freyreiss and published by Carl Peter Thunberg in Plantarum Brasiliensium Harvard Papers in Botany 19: 123-132.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Lohmann, L.G. (2006). Manuscript on a new generic classification of Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) based on molecular phylogenetic data and morphological synapomorphies.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Clytostoma binatum.]
    • Gentry, A.H. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flora of Ecuador 7: 1-172. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm. [Cited as Unplaced Name.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lohmann, L.G. & Taylor, C.M. (2014). A new generic classifiaction of tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 99: 348-489.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741.
    • Lohmann, L.G. (2006). Manuscript on a new generic classification of Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae) based on molecular phylogenetic data and morphological synapomorphies.
    • Gentry, A.H. in Steyermark, J., Berry, P.E., Holts, B.K. (eds). (1997). Bignoniaceae Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana 3: 403-491. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/