1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bambusa Schreb.
      1. Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Nepal to Taiwan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 200-400 cm long; 10-30 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; mid-green; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement three, or several; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 1-1.5 mm high. Culm-sheath blade triangular; 1-2 cm long; acute. Leaves 7-13 per branch. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 3-5 mm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.2 cm long. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 7-10 cm long; 10-13 mm wide; dark green and glaucous; discolorous with last colour beneath. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; lax; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 7-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 15 mm long; without keel; 20 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma. Palea keels winged; ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 6; 6 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. South America: northern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Pohl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Brazil Southeast, Cambodia, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Haiti, Iraq, Jamaica, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Nansei-shoto, New Zealand North, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. ex Schult.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Munro [s.n.], Japan K000854756
    s.coll. [2785], Japan K000854758
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India Bambusa nana K000357936 Unknown type material
    Thwaites [s.n.], India Bambusa nana K000357935 Unknown type material
    Kurz, S. [s.n.], India Bambusa nana K000357937 Unknown type material
    Kerr, A.F.G. [10682], Thailand Bambusa glaucescens K000621847
    Kerr, A.F.G. [10682], Thailand Bambusa glaucescens K000621848
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1865], Brazil Bambusa glaucescens K001032009
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1865], Brazil Bambusa glaucescens K001032010
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1865], Brazil Bambusa glaucescens K001032011
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2252], Brazil Bambusa glaucescens K001032012
    Soderstrom, T.R. [2252], Brazil Bambusa glaucescens K001032013
    Marcan, A. [2056], Thailand Bambusa glaucescens K000621849
    Marcan, A. [2056], Thailand Bambusa glaucescens K000621850
    Marcan, A. [2056], Thailand Bambusa glaucescens K000621851
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy Bambusa glaucescens K000854778
    s.coll. [s.n.], United Kingdom Bambusa glaucescens K000854779
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy Bambusa glaucescens K000854780
    s.coll. [s.n.], Europe Bambusa glaucescens K000854781
    s.coll. [s.n.] Bambusa glaucescens K000854824 Unknown type material

    First published in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 1350 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • H?, P.-H. (2000). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam, ed. 2, 3: 1-1020. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peekel, P.G. (1984). Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for Naturalists: 1-638. Office of Forests, Division of Botany, Lae, Papua New Guinea.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0