1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Sphaeranthus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, South European Russia, Africa, Australasia and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, usually in moist sites; stems and branches usually with narrow wings
    Leaves
    Leaves usually glandular and aromatic, alternate (opposite in S. oppositifolius), usually with decurrent bases
    Capitulum
    Capitula congested in dense (sub)globose or ellipsoid secondary heads (the glomerule), disciform, usually few-flowered; receptacle of the glomerule convex; glomerules mauve or purple, solitary and terminal but often overtopped by lateral branches, subtended by sub-glabrous bracts which are visible or hidden by the capitula; individual capitula usually sessile, subtended by 2–10 (rarely more) usually scarious bracts
    Florets
    Outer florets female,filiform, becoming corky basally when achene matures, minutely 3-lobed; central florets hermaphrodite, tube cylindric, lobes 5; anthers sagittate with very short tails and a small ovate distal appendage; style undivided or minutely bifid
    Fruits
    Achenes small, fertile in outer florets, often vestigial or sterile in the inner florets, often hairy with bifid hairs; pappus absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Iraq, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sphaeranthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 927 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Ross—Craig in Hook. Ic. Pl., ser. 5, 6: 1 (1954).
    • Robyns in Kew Bull. 1924: 177—199
    • —F.T.A. 3: 332
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 302 (1994)
    • Anderb. in Plant Syst. & Evol. 176: 169 (1991)
    • Ross-Craig in Hook., Ic. Pl. ser. 5, 6: 1–90 (1954)
    • Robyns in K.B. 1924: 177-199 (1924)
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 369 (1836)
    • L., Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 399 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 927 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/