1. Family: Bignoniaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Stereospermum Cham.
      1. Stereospermum kunthianum Cham.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Bignoniaceae, M. A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Small or medium sized tree up to 15(20) m. or small shrub.
    Bark
    Bark grey to whitish, smooth or flaking in plaques.
    Leaves
    Leaves 18–45 cm. long, 2–5-jugate; petiole 2.7–9(11) cm. long; leaflet-lamina 5–13(16) x 2–6(8.5) cm., ovate, obovate or elliptic, apex obtuse or acute or even apiculate, base cuneate or rounded and slightly asymmetric, margins entire or rarely toothed; superior surface glabrous, sometimes puberulous on the nerves, inferior surface minutely tomentose to velvety or glabrous, frequently with small glands on each side of the midrib near the base; petiolules very short or up to 1 cm. in the lateral leaflets even reaching 4.5 cm. in the terminal leaflet.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a lax, terminal, many-flowered panicle 15–48 cm. long, pubescent to tomentose or glabrescent; flowers appearing before the leaves; pedicels 4–12 mm. long; bracts 3–4 mm. long, oblong.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5–8(10) mm. long campanulate, slightly 5-lobed, or almost truncate tomentose outside mainly on the lower half.
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel shaped, with a pinkish tube 30–40 mm. long, showing red streaks on the throat and along the lower corolla lobes, puberulous outside, glabrous inside except in a band opposite to staminode; corolla lobes c. 20 mm. in diam. more or less circular, lighter coloured than the tube.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 6–15 mm. long; anthers 2 mm. long; staminode 1.5 mm. long.
    Disc
    Disk 1.5 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 5–6 mm. long, glabrous, reddish-brown.
    Seeds
    Seeds 7 x 20–30 mm. including the wing.
    [FTEA]

    Bignoniaceae, Sally Bidgood, Bernard Verdcourt, Kaj Vollesen. Cobaeaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

    Type
    Type: Senegal, ex Herb. Kunth., possibly Perrottet 499 (?LE, holo.; G!, iso.)
    Habit
    Erect shrub or small tree 2–20 m tall, glabrous to tomentose, overall indumentum without glands, bark grey to whitish, rarely dark brown, smooth and flaking in plaques.
    Branches
    Young branches smooth or striate, frequently lenticellate, glabrous to tomentellous.
    Leaves
    Leaves (7–)9–43 cm long including petiole (0.7–)1.5–9(–10) cm, rachis slightly striate or grooved, frequently lenticellate, hairs not glandular.
    Leaflets
    Leaflets rotund to elliptic or narrowly elliptic, occasionally obovate, (2.5–)3–17.5 × (1.2–)2–5.7(–10.5) cm. Terminal leaflet usually larger, apex retuse to cuspidate, sometimes unequal, base rounded to cuneate, frequently unequal, margins entire or crenulate-sinuate, occasionally crenate or serrate, hairs occasionally confined to veins and midrib, secondary venation reticulate, lower surface usually with fine gland dots throughout and large scattered glands either side of the midrib towards the base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence up to 48 cm long including peduncle, most parts including calyx frequently with long white hairs when young, glabrous or pubescent to tomentose, sometimes lenticellate, pedicels frequently with small glands just below the calyx.
    Flowers
    Flowers fragrant, often precocious, bracts 3–4 × 0.5–0.7 mm, corolla falling off soon.
    Calyx
    Calyx (4–)5–10(–12) mm long, campanulate, truncate with sinuate margins, or lobes broadly triangular to obtuse, up to 3 mm long, frequently with small mealy glands, usually with larger scattered peltate glands towards the apex, occasionally viscid.
    Corolla
    Corolla pinkish-white, reddish-pink, pale lilac to purple, usually with darker lines into throat, (2.3–)3–6(–6.5) cm long, lobes ± 1/3 the length of the tube, broadly ovate, margins undulate, densely pubescent outside and on the palate, with glandular hairs in the lower part of the tube inside.
    Stamens
    Stamens: filaments of anticous stamens 1–1.5 cm long and of posticous 0.7–1.2 cm long, glabrous, glandularpubescent at base.
    Sporangia
    Thecae ± 2 mm long.
    Pistil
    Pistil with cupular disk at base, slightly lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit 15–60 cm long, glabrous or puberulous, finely lenticellate, often with scattered peltate glands.
    Seeds
    Seeds 5 × 3 × 3 mm, wings 6–7 × 2–3 mm.
    Figures
    Fig. 9, p. 39.
    Ecology
    Grassland with scattered trees, Brachystegia and other woodland and bushland; 20–2050 m
    Note
    Holst 2229 (K!) (Tanzania, Usambara foothills, Magila is labelled S. kunthianum var. fulva K.Schum. but this name does not appear to have been published. Steudel, Nomencl. ed. 2 1: 205 (1840) lists Bignonia lanata R.Br. in Salt, Append. but it is not mentioned there.
    Distribution
    Range: Widespread in tropical Africa Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8
    [FWTA]

    Bignoniaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A tree of savanna woodlands, up to 30-40 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Drooping ample panicles of pink or purplish and darker streaked flowers 1-2 in. long; flowering in the dry season usually while leafless.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1998 Heudelot [202], Senegal K000430347 isotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Smith, C.S. [s.n.], Tanzania K000430339
    Bullock, A.A. [1245], Zambia 18098.000
    Schimper [308], Ethiopia K000430341 isosyntype
    Holst, C. [2229], Tanzania K000430340
    Harris, T. [568], Mozambique K000614160

    First published in Linnaea 7: 720 (1833)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P. & Stork, A.L. in Lebrun J.-P. & Stork, A.L. (1997). Bignoniaceae Énumération des Plants à Fleurs D'Afrique Tropicale 4: 456-461. Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1988). 124. Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 61-85. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Liben, L. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi): 1-39. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1931). Bignoniaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa 2(1): 237-242.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv., ed. 2, 3: 240
    • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 497, t. 112, fig. 1-4.
    • Chev. Bot. 487
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 518
    • in Linnaea 7: 721 (1832)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Diniz, M.A. (1990). Bignoniaceae Flora de Moçambique 120: 1-35. Instituto de Investigaçao Científuca Tropical.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Gentry, A.H. (1984). Bignoniacées Flore du Cameroun 27: 26-61. Ministère de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche scientifique (Mesres), Yaoundé.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Liben, L. (1977). Bignoniaceae Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre - Rwanda - Burundi): 1-39. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1931). Bignoniaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa 2(1): 237-242.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.T.S.L.: 593, fig., map (1994).
    • F.Z. 8(3): 77, t. 15 (1988)
    • Palgrave, Trees S. Afr.: 832 (1981)
    • F.A.C., Bignon.: 14 (1977)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 2: 386 (1963)
    • F.F.N.R.: 379 (1962)
    • K.T.S.: 66 (1961)
    • I.T.U ed. 2: 42, col. pl. 2, fig. 9 (1952)
    • T.T.C.L.: 73 (1949)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 518 (1906)
    • E. & P., Pf. 4(3b): 242 (1895)
    • P.O.A. C: 364 (1895)
    • Linnaea 7: 721 (1832)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0