1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Glyceria R.Br.
      1. Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Subarctic America to Guatemala.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes absent, or short. Culms erect; 40-90 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; without keel; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-4 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 2-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; nodding; 12-22 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping; 6-12 cm long. Panicle branches flexuous; smooth, or scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 3-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.4-0.9 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma obovate; 1.5-2 mm long; membranous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma apex erose; obtuse. Palea bowed outwards; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 2; 0.3-0.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, and eastern. Australasia: New Zealand. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana.
    Reference
    Meliceae. Gr Texas 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Czechoslovakia, France, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine

    Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hinton, G.B. [6075], México State K000465734
    Hinton, G.B. [3875], México State K000465735
    Pursh, F.T. [s.n.], Northern America K000808023
    Portal, R. [s.n.], France Glyceria striata subsp. difformis K000607677 isotype

    First published in Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41: 157 (1928)

    Accepted by

    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0