1. Family: Aphloiaceae Takht.
    1. Genus: Aphloia Benn.
      1. Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Glabrous, evergreen tree up to 14 m. tall; branchlets brown, longitudinally striate with a stronger line decurrent from a stipular cushion.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–8 x 1.2–2.75 cm., narrowly elliptic to elliptic or oblanceolate, apex obtuse or subacute, base cuneate, margins serrate or serrulate, often entire towards the base, lateral nerves in c. 10 pairs, inconspicuous; petiole up to c. 3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, or in fascicles of 1–3 in the leaf axils; pedicels greenish, c. 1 cm. long with 1–3 minute, deltoid bracteoles c. 1 mm. long towards their bases.
    Calyx
    Sepals white turning yellowish, c. 5 x 5 mm., imbricate, orbicular, connate for 1–1.5 mm. at the base, the inner more membranous and petaloid, margins membranous and entire or denticulate.
    Stamens
    Stamens very numerous; filaments slender, 4–5 mm. long; anthers orbicular, c. 0.7 mm. in diam.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, and sometimes very shortly stipitate; stigma subsessile with a median furrow, irregularly sublobed, as wide or wider than the young ovary.
    Fruits
    Fruit a white, fleshy berry with the stigma persistent at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 6, c. 2 mm. in diam., discoid with a glossy whitish testa.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Habit
    Shrub or generally a slender tree, up to 20 m. tall.
    Branches
    Branchlets drooping, brown, longitudinally striate with a stronger line decurrent from a stipular cushion.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly elliptic to elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, or oblanceolate, apex subacute or obtuse, base cuneate, firmly chartaceous to subcoriaceous, often becoming bluish-green when dried, glabrous, serrate to serrulate, often entire towards the base, 3–8 cm. long, 1.2–2.8 cm. broad; lateral nerves 8–10 pairs, rather inconspicuous; petioles up to 3 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or 2–3 (rarely more) in a fascicle or short raceme, 8–10 mm. in diameter; pedicels ± 1 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Sepals white, turning yellowish, orbicular, ± 5 mm. across, connate for 1–1.5 mm. at the base, the inner 3 more membranous and petaloid.
    Stamens
    Filaments 4–5 mm. long; anthers orbicular, 0.7 mm. across.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid; stigma as wide as the ovary, persistent.
    Fruits
    Berry globose, white, ± 5 mm. across.
    Seeds
    Seeds ± 2 mm. across.
    Figures
    Fig. 19.
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest and mist forest, riverine forest, upland evergreen bushland; 1300–2900 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T2 T3 T6 T7 T8

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Comoros, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

    Aphloia theiformis (Vahl) Benn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1989 Miller, J.S. [3668], Madagascar K000383417
    Jan 1, 1989 McPherson, G. [14491], Madagascar K000383412
    Jan 1, 1989 Randrianasolo, A. [3], Madagascar K000383416
    Jan 1, 1986 Dorr, L.J. [3285], Madagascar K000383402
    Jan 1, 1986 Barnett, L. [167], Madagascar K000383392
    Jan 1, 1957 Galpin, E.E. [1082], South Africa K000231318 Unknown type material
    Davis [1010], Madagascar K000383350
    Humbert [24629], Madagascar K000383368
    Humbert [25685], Madagascar K000383369
    Humbert [24811], Madagascar K000383374
    Lorence, D. [1899], Madagascar K000383356
    Lorence, D. [1878], Madagascar K000383357
    Ponsonby, L. [11], Madagascar K000383414
    McPherson, G. [14408], Madagascar K000383407
    McPherson, G. [14569], Madagascar K000383408
    Schatz, G.E. [1803], Madagascar K000383405
    Humbert, H. [17979], Madagascar K000383352
    Humbert, H. [3079], Madagascar K000383354
    Carlson, B. [185], Madagascar K000383415
    Carlson, B. [218], Madagascar K000383421
    Mauritius K000231320
    Baron, R. [2809], Madagascar K000383399
    Baron, R. [2932], Madagascar K000383400
    Baron, R. [2832], Madagascar K000383401
    Parker, G.W. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383435
    Lam, H.J. [5732], Madagascar K000383380
    Hildebrandt [3701], Madagascar K000383381
    Hildebrandt [4117], Madagascar K000383382
    Hildebrandt [3701], Madagascar K000383383
    Hildebrandt [3574], Madagascar K000383384
    Dumetz, N. [531], Madagascar K000383411
    Dumetz, N. [745], Madagascar K000383413
    Decary [5893], Madagascar K000383395
    Decary [5520], Madagascar K000383396
    Decary [15180], Madagascar K000383397
    Bernardi, L. [11062], Madagascar K000383437
    Malcomber, S. [1259], Madagascar K000383362
    Boivin, M. [6], Madagascar K000383398
    Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383433
    Kitching, L. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383436
    Cours, G. [2522], Madagascar K000383365
    Cours, G. [3036], Madagascar K000383366
    Cours, G. [23717], Madagascar K000383367
    Cours, G. [134], Madagascar K000383370
    Blackburn, J. [16], Madagascar K000383427
    Boivin [s.n.], Madagascar K000383410
    Meeuse [5392], Madagascar K000383378
    Rakoto, R. [213], Madagascar K000383371
    Miller, J.S. [3721], Madagascar K000383404
    Miller, J.S. [3532], Madagascar K000383406
    Nicoll, M. [198], Madagascar K000383439
    Wohlhauser, S. [370], Madagascar K000383387
    Dorr, L.J. [3666], Madagascar K000383391
    Dorr, L.J. [3343], Madagascar K000383403
    Lowry II, P.P. [4146], Madagascar K000383438
    Lowry II, P.P. [4023], Madagascar K000383440
    Lowry II, P.P. [4160], Madagascar K000383441
    Major, F. [375], Madagascar K000383429
    Major, F. [623], Madagascar K000383430
    Major, F. [107], Madagascar K000383431
    Major, F. [289], Madagascar K000383432
    Hodgkin, H.T. [353], Madagascar K000383422
    Hodgkin, H.T. [319], Madagascar K000383423
    Hodgkin, H.T. [323], Madagascar K000383424
    Hodgkin, H.T. [224], Madagascar K000383425
    Hodgkin, H.T. [155], Madagascar K000383426
    Goudot, J. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383355 holotype
    Afzelius, K. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383386
    Harris, T. [352], Mozambique K000613788
    Harris, T. [498], Malawi K000614575
    Timberlake, J. [5240], Mozambique K000613968
    Timberlake, J. [5480], Mozambique K000614458
    Timberlake, J. [5354], Malawi K000614697
    Timberlake, J. [5436], Mozambique K000614421
    Timberlake, J. [5445], Mozambique K000614428
    Mphamba [63], Mozambique K000614281
    Scott-Elliot, G.F. [2700], Madagascar K000383376
    Scott-Elliot, G.F. [23], Madagascar K000383434
    Barnett, L. [141], Madagascar K000383390
    s.coll. [183], Madagascar K000383349
    s.coll. [2119], Madagascar K000383353
    s.coll. [352], Madagascar K000383385
    s.coll. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383428
    Pervillé, A. [s.n.], Madagascar K000383420
    Thouvenot, E. [14], Madagascar K000383409
    Thouvenot, E. [14], Madagascar K000383419
    Schlieben, H.-.J. [8229], Madagascar K000383388
    Schlieben, H.-.J. [8073], Madagascar K000383393
    Schlieben, H.-.J. [8073], Madagascar K000383394
    Cornu, M.G. [67], Madagascar K000383364
    Jeffrey, C. [545], Seychelles Aphloia seychellensis 24488.000

    First published in Pl. Jav. Rar.: 192 (1840)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
    • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 223 (1961).
    • Wild in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 279, t. 48 (1960).
    • Benn. in Benn. & Br., Pl. Jav. Rar. 2: 192 (1840).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0