1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Phragmipedium Rolfe
      1. Phragmipedium lindenii (Lindl.) Dressler & N.H.Williams

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Venezuela to Central Ecuador.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    Colombia. Ecuador.

    General Description

    Terrestrial, herbaceous perennial Rhizomes to 1 cm long, 0.5-0.8 cm in diam. Roots striate, 0.3-0.5 cm in diam. Leaves lorate, 25-40 cm long, 2.5-4.3 cm wide, coriaceous; margins revolute, light green; apex obtuse, emarginate, oblique. Inflorescence a 2-4 flowered spicate raceme. Peduncle green, pilose. Floral bracts ovate-elliptic, 4.0-6.4 cm long, 1.6-4.0 cm wide, much shorter than ovary; adaxial surface sparsely pubescent with multicellular, glandular-tipped hairs; margins light green, fused basally; apex obtuse, apiculate. Sterile lower bracts usually absent; if present, like leaves. Flower yellow-green becoming maroon apically; outer surfaces glabrous to puberulent; inner surfaces mostly glabrous; margins yellow to white, somewhat undulate. Dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, 8-12 cm long, 1.4 - 2.5 cm wide, yellow-green with 9-11 parallel to somewhat reticulate maroon nerves, glabrous; margins undulate; apex acuminate, minutely hooded. Synsepal ovate-lanceolate, 8-10 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, yellow-green with 14-17 parallel maroon nerves; margins undulate, white to yellow; apex minutely hooded. Labellum ovate-lanceolate, not saccate, 23-41 cm long, 1.0-1.5 cm wide, like lateral petals. Petals lanceolate, 18-41 cm long, 0.5-1.3 cm wide, yellow-green; inner surface glabrous basally, both surfaces becoming pilose-tomentose apically; basal hairs reddish-brown; margins ciliate basally; apex acute. Staminode widely trilobed-triangular, 0.5-0.8 cm long, 0.9 - 1.2 cm wide, yellow-green with maroon lateral lobes; apical lobe widely acute; hairs on lateral lobes sparse, marginal, multicellular, dark red. Column to 0.5 cm long, green with red splotch above. Pollinarium 0.2-0.3 cm long. Median stamen to 0.5 cm long, contacting stigmatic surface. Stigmatic area 0.5-0.7 cm wide. Ovary, including pedicel, 12-18 cm long, densely pilose. Capsule puberulent-pilose, curving apically. Seeds to 0.7 mm long. Chromosome number 2n=28 (Karasawa, 1980).

    Habitat

    Phragmipedium lindenii occurs as a terrestrial on road embankments and in lava fields at 1400-2100 m in elevation.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Peru

    Phragmipedium lindenii (Lindl.) Dressler & N.H.Williams appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Taylor, P. [157], Ecuador 29047.238
    Taylor, P., Ecuador 37628.000
    57271.000
    Schlim, L. [39], Colombia K000363753
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000363745 Unknown type material

    First published in Taxon 24: 691 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Cribb, P. & Purver, C. (2017). Slipper Orchids of the Tropical Americas: 1-281. Natural History Publcations (Borneo), The Orchid Digest Corporation, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Villafuente Arriaga, M. & Christenson, E. (2007). A dramatic range extension for Phragmipedium lindenii Orchid Digest 71: 41-42.
    • Braem, G.J., Ohlund, S. & Quené, R.-J. (2004). The Real Phragmipedium warszewiczianum. A Clarification of the Phragmipedium caudatum Complex (Phragmipedium section Phragmipedium) Orquideología 23: 117-136.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Villafuente Arriaga, M. & Christenson, E. (2007). A dramatic range extension for Phragmipedium lindenii Orchid Digest 71: 41-42.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Lindley, J. Original description of Phragmipedium lindenii. 24, (1975).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0