1. Family: Achariaceae Harms
    1. Genus: Xylotheca Hochst.
      1. Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Small shrub up to 1.6 m. tall, young branches from densely yellowish-pubescent to quite glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 6–10 x 2–5 cm., elliptic, oblong-elliptic or narrowly obovate, apex obtuse or acute, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin sometimes somewhat revolute, slightly paler below, pubescent or quite glabrous on both surfaces, lateral nerves in 7–11 pairs, slightly prominent below, looped within the margin; petiole up to c. 1 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 1–3-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or terminal on the branches; peduncle up to 2 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous; pedicels up to 3.5 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous, with minute, caducous, deltoid bracts at their base.
    Calyx
    Sepals usually 3, c. 1.5 x 1 cm., broadly obovate, very concave, apex rounded, margins membranous, ± densely pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals white, 7–12, up to 3.5 x 1.5 cm., oblanceolate to obovate, tapering to the base, with scattered woolly hairs.
    Stamens
    Stamens very numerous; filaments slender, c. 6 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; anthers c. 6 x 1 mm., linear, glabrous, or sparsely pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, densely hairy, sulcate; style up to 5 mm. long, columnar, somewhat sulcate, glabrous or somewhat hairy at the base; stigmas 4–6, spreading, up to 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit woody, c. 4 x 2–5 cm., ovoid or ellipsoid, with c. 8 longitudinal ridges, splitting into c. 8 longitudinal segments; style persistent as a hard point.
    Seeds
    Seeds many, 9 x 5 mm., ellipsoid, brownish, pilose with a red sticky aril down one side.
    [FTEA]

    Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

    Note
    From southern Africa, has been grown around Nairobi, e.g. Grahame Bell 3.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland

    Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    unknown [45], South Africa K000231168
    Monteiro, J.J. [12], Mozambique K000231178 Unknown type material
    Schlechter [11578], Mozambique K000231177
    Krauss [352], South Africa K000231169
    Cooper, T. [1900], South Africa K000231170

    First published in Flora 26: 69 (1843)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0