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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.
Tarchonanthus camphoratus (camphor bush)

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Dioecious trees or shrubs, often aromatic.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate or subsessile, discolorous, persistently tomentose or lanate on the lower surface, entire to coarsely irregularly serrate towards the apex (sometimes 3-lobed at the apex in South Africa).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Synflorescence
Synflorescence of numerous heads in terminal or axillary panicles, the whole synflorescence usually tomentose-lanate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Female capitula 1- or 2–3-flowered; corollas shorter than the ovary, villous or lanate outside, lobes 4–5 equalling the tube in length; anthers 0; style branches exserted, short flat ovate; achenes ± flattened obovoid or ellipsoid, densely lanate; pappus 0. Male capitula many-flowered, corollas tubular or funnel-shaped, longer than in the female florets, villous or lanate outside, lobes 5 recurved; anther thecae exserted, bases tailed; style narrowly terete, simple or minutely bifid, exserted; ovary abortive or rudimentary; pappus 0. Capitula unisexual, disciform; receptacle epaleate or sometimes with long silky hairs; phyllaries 1–2-seriate.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1–4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Distribution
Genus of two to four species in Arabia and Africa.
Morphology General Habit
Evergreen deciduous shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula unisexual, disciform, dioecious, numerous in terminal panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Female florets few, with narrower and hairy tube, 4–5 lobes and abortive anthers; style exserted Florets with ± equally lobed corollas, unisexual-Male florets rather numerous, with funnel-shaped tube and 5 short recurved lobes; pappus absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes flattened, woolly; pappus absent.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, subcoriaceous, areolate-reticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula dioecious, unisexual, disciform, numerous in terminal thyrses; phyllaries in 1–3 series, imbricate, subequal, free or connate; receptacle ± convex, naked
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets with ± equally lobed corollas, unisexual Female florets few, with narrower corolla tube, 3–5 lobes and abortive anthers; style exserted, arms ± oblong-linear, flat Male florets rather numerous, with tubular corolla tube and 5 short lobes; anthers exserted, tailed; style undivided or shortly bifid; ovary abortive, pappus absent
sex Male
Male florets rather numerous, with tubular corolla tube and 5 short lobes; anthers exserted, tailed; style undivided or shortly bifid; ovary abortive, pappus absent
sex Female
Female florets few, with narrower corolla tube, 3–5 lobes and abortive anthers; style exserted, arms ± oblong-linear, flat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes compressed, woolly; pappus absent.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Saudi Arabia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Tarchonanthus L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 842 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 365 (1754).
  • Hilliard, Compos. Natal: 110–112(1977).
  • Paiva in Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 46: 355–368 (1972).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 842 (1753)
  • Wild in Kirkia 7: 121–122 (1969).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by H. Beentje [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K. Bremer, Asteraceae Clad. & Class.: 105 (1994)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 365 (1754)
  • Paiva in Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2A, 46: 355 (1972)
  • Sp. Pl.: 842 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0