1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Desmanthus Willd.
      1. Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Texas to S. America.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
    Vernacular
    Adormidera, Brusca Prieta, Dwarf Koa, Frijolillo, Ground Tamarind, Guajillo, Guashillo, Huarangillo, Langalet, Petit Acacia, Petit Cassie, Petit Mimosa, Virgate Mimosa

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Canary Is., Cape Verde, East Himalaya, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Madagascar, Malaya, Marianas, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Wake I., West Himalaya, Zimbabwe

    Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2010 Post, R. [10] K001088759
    Nov 1, 2009 Gosswerler (?) [s.n.] K001088758
    Apr 1, 2006 Hatschbach, G. [74884], Mato Grosso do Sul K000849292
    Jan 1, 2001 Coradin, L. [7786], Ceará K000849288
    Sep 1, 1997 Paula-Zárate, E.L. [225], Ceará K000849289
    Jan 1, 1997 Martínez Salas, E.M. [2335], Mexico K000503269
    Jan 1, 1996 Gaumer, G.F. [s.n.], Mexico K000503272
    Apr 1, 1995 Carvalho, A.M. [3858], Bahia K000090494
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [6872], Mexico K000503271
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [4536], Mexico K000503274
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [6423], Mexico K000503275
    Jan 1, 1993 Chan, C. [4666], Mexico K000503276
    Jan 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3109], Bahia K000090488
    Jan 1, 1993 Queiroz, L.P. [3309], Bahia K000090491
    Jan 1, 1992 Queiroz, L.P. [3031], Bahia K000090489
    Jan 1, 1992 Queiroz, L.P. [2961], Bahia K000090490
    Sep 1, 1991 Lewis, G.P. [1958], Bahia K000090502
    Sep 1, 1991 Brito, H.S. [296], Bahia K000090492
    Nov 1, 1990 Pinheiro, R.S. [1828], Bahia K000090493
    Jan 1, 1989 Kraft, R.S. [8394], Pernambuco K000090500
    Jan 1, 1987 Alush Méndez Ton [7102], Mexico K000503265
    Nov 1, 1986 Coradin, L. [6198], Bahia K000090498
    Dec 1, 1984 Lewis, G.P. [CFCR6728], Bahia K000090499
    Apr 1, 1984 Oliveira, E.L.P.G. [210], Bahia K000090503
    Jul 1, 1983 Pinto, G.C.P. [288/83], Bahia K000090487
    Mar 30, 1983 Samii, M.B. [94], Goiás K000849290
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [981], Bahia K000090501
    Mar 1, 1981 Harley, R.M. [21708], Bahia K000090496
    Mar 1, 1981 Harley, R.M. [21708], Bahia K000090497
    Jul 29, 1909 Arsene, Bro. G. [2521], Mexico K000117849 Unknown type material
    Hinton, G.B. [5440], Mexico K000118133
    Hooker [s.n.], Argentina K000849280
    Burchell [6700 - A], Goiás K000849282
    Marsh [656], Jamaica K000535297
    Chan, C. [6865], Mexico K000562974
    Hughes, C.E. [1818], Mexico K000562971
    Hughes, C.E. [1768], Mexico K000562972
    Hughes, C.E. [1774], Mexico K000562973
    Welwitsch [1784], Angola K000117866
    Welwitsch [1784], Angola K000117867
    Coradin, L. [7583], Goiás K000849291
    Coradin, L. [7631], Bahia K000849293
    Guadeloupe K000117843
    Lanna, J.P. [1908], Rio de Janeiro K000849287
    Paula, J.E. [1286], Ceará K000090495
    Moseley [s.n.], Cape Verde K001088757
    Gardner, G. [981], Pernambuco K000090504
    Gardner, G. [982], Pernambuco K000090505
    Nascimento, M.S.B. [401], Piauí K000849286
    Luckow, M. [3491], Mexico K000562975
    Lozada, L. [727], Mexico K000562976
    Palmer, E. [212], Mexico K000503268
    Palmer, E. [88], Mexico K000478640 isotype
    Glaziou, A. [19132], Rio de Janeiro K000849284
    Glaziou [10615], Rio de Janeiro K000849283
    Glaziou [3738], Brazil K000849285
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000849281
    Leitão Filho, H.F. [1646], São Paulo K000849294
    Soto Nuñez, J.C. [1569], Mexico K000503266
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5297] K001120425
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5297] K001120426
    Soto Núñez, J.C. [1594], Mexico K000503267
    Dorado R., O.R. [1179], Mexico K000503270
    Masner, Dr. [602], Mexico K000503273
    Diego, N. [5859], Mexico K000680553

    First published in Sp. Pl. 4: 1047 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Scholz, S. & al. (2013). 150.- Adiciones a la flora vascular de Fuerteventura (islas Canarias) III Botánica Macaronésica 28: 99-116.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Leroy, J.-F. & Mackee, H.S. (eds.) (1983). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 12: 1-139. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
    • Scholz, S. & al. (2013). 150.- Adiciones a la flora vascular de Fuerteventura (islas Canarias) III Botánica Macaronésica 28: 99-116.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Reddy, G.V.P. (2011). Survey of invasive plants on Guam and identification of the 20 most widespread Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 41: 263-274.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hancock, I.R. & Henderson, C.P. (1988). Flora of the Solomon Islands Research Bulletin Dodo Creek Research Station 7: 1-203.
    • D'Arcy, W.G. (1987). Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 17: 1-328. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Leroy, J.-F. & Mackee, H.S. (eds.) (1983). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 12: 1-139. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
    • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Luckow, M. (1993). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 38:1-166 Mono. of Desmanthus(Legum-Mim)
    • Hacker, J. B. (1990). A Guide to Herbaceous and Shrub Legumes of Queensland.
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Nair, N. C. & Henry, A. N. (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India Vol. 1
    • Correll, D. S. & Correll, H. B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago. 1692pp J. Cramer
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Ross, J. H. (1975). Mimosoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa Vol. 16, pt. 1. Ross, J. H
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Zuijderhoudt, G. F. P. (1968). Blumea 15:413-425. A revision of the genus Saraca
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
    • Standley, P. C. & Steyermark, J. A (1946). Fieldiana, Bot. 24(5) :1-425 Leguminosae
    • Cooke, T. (1903). The Flora of the Presidency of Bombay Vol. 1
    • Baker, J. G. (1877). Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0