1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eremocaulon Soderstr. & Londoño
      1. Eremocaulon capitatum (Trin.) Londoño

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Mato Grosso).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 500-700 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; in a clump. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-25 cm long; 8-14 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation with 10-12 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; globose; 2.5-5 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; subterete; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; subterete; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 6 mm long; 11 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 8 mm long; 11 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 10-12 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 13 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Munro 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil West-Central

    Eremocaulon capitatum (Trin.) Londoño appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2003 Prance, G.T. [59090], Brazil K000947814
    Jul 1, 2003 Prance, G.T. [59090], Brazil K000947815
    Jul 1, 2003 Prance, G.T. [59090], Brazil K000947813
    Jul 1, 2003 Hatschbach, G.G. [32387], Brazil K000947811
    Jul 1, 2003 Hatschbach, G.G. [32387], Brazil K000947812
    Jul 1, 2002 Irwin, H.S. [6937], Brazil K000947818
    Jul 1, 2000 Irwin, H.S. [6937], Brazil K000947816
    Jul 1, 2000 Irwin, H.S. [6937], Brazil K000947817
    Jul 1, 2000 Riedel [436], Brazil K000947823
    Jul 1, 2000 Prance, G.T. [59090], Brazil K000947821
    Jul 1, 2000 Prance, G.T. [59090], Brazil K000947822
    Jan 1, 2000 Irwin, H.S. [6401], Brazil K000947820
    Irwin, H.S. [6401], Brazil K000947819
    Riedel [430], Brazil K000433088 isotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 27: 714 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0