1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
      1. Gouinia virgata (J.Presl) Scribn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Peru, Cuba to Hispaniola.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Llanura del Caribe.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-150 cm long. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes glabrous. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 4-15 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 4-15; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 8-20 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 10-15 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; angular; 1-4 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2.5 mm long. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2.5 mm long. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.9-5.2 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3-4 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 5.7-7.2 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 8-15 mm long overall. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate; 0.5-4 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 3-15 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.5-0.6 mm long.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Pohl.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Peru

    Gouinia virgata (J.Presl) Scribn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Liebmann [505], Mexico K000308751
    Liebmann [24], Mexico K000308752
    Gouin [76], Mexico K000308753

    First published in Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 4: 10 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0