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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pseudopogonatherum A.Camus
      1. Pseudopogonatherum contortum (Brongn.) A.Camus

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; slender; 20-50 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform, or linear; flat, or involute; 10-30 cm long; 1.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-20; digitate; 4-6 cm long. Rhachis tough, or fragile at the nodes; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs lengthening towards internode tip; white. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled, or sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; angular; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; 0.4 mm long; pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.4-0.8 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 1.5-2.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; 0.4 mm long; pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely. Spikelet callus hairs white; 0.4-0.8 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; much thinner above; 2-keeled; keeled above; keeled obtusely. Lower glume primary vein ciliolate. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume surface concave. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid; truncate, or obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins eciliate, or ciliolate. Upper glume apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 7-15 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.75-1.25 mm long; 0.5 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; obtuse. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 20-30 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn hispidulous. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.6-0.7 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Bor.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Pseudopogonatherum contortum (Brongn.) A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 10, 1995 s.coll. [26298], India Eulalia contorta K000308295
    Jun 1, 1978 Collins, R. [364], Australia Eulalia contorta K000308310
    Jan 1, 1891 Wallich, N. [8814], Burma Eulalia contorta K000245581 isotype
    McClure, F.A. [7964], China Eulalia contorta K000308284
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8031], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620315
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8223], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620316
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8223], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620317
    Kerr, A.F.G. [1559B], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620318
    van Beusekom, C.F. [3819], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000688512
    Kanis, A. [1788], Australia Eulalia contorta K000308309
    Smitinand, T. [4885], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000308304
    Smitinand, T. [3995], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000308302
    Smitinand, T. [3627], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000688513
    Put [4295], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620319
    Put [4295], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620320
    Put [4295], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000620321
    Cuming, H. [1101], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000290120 Unknown type material
    Cuming, H. [1101], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000290121 Unknown type material
    Cuming, H. [1101], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000290122 Unknown type material
    Balansa, B. [1771], Vietnam Eulalia contorta K000290115 isotype
    Vidal, S. [4010], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000290123
    Hu, S.Y. [13921], Hong Kong Eulalia contorta K000308292
    Dallachy, J. [s.n.], Australia Eulalia contorta K000943476
    Wallich, N. [8813], India Eulalia contorta K000245728 isotype
    Smitinand [6179], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000308303
    Lindhard, E. [24], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000688511
    Liang, H.Y. [66354], China Eulalia contorta K000308285
    Batianoff, G.N. [12015], Australia Eulalia contorta K000308307
    Laegaard [21882], Thailand Eulalia contorta K000308301
    Williams, R.S. [1966], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000308306
    Hackel, E. [s.n.] Eulalia contorta K000943485
    s.coll. [1378], China Eulalia contorta K000308290
    s.coll. [1378], China Eulalia contorta K000308291
    Sampson, [T.] [476?], China Eulalia contorta K000308289
    Schaaf, D. [55], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000308296
    Schaaf, D. [56], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000308299
    Schaaf, D. [53], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000433739
    Stainton, S. [9180], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000308297
    Laurie, A. [51], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000308298
    Rice, C. [12], Nepal Eulalia contorta K000308300
    Fariñas, E.C. [s.n.], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000308305
    Kenneally [4865], Australia Eulalia contorta K000308308
    Boyle, P. [398], Australia Eulalia contorta K000308311
    s.coll. [s.n.], Philippines Eulalia contorta K000290119 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in H.Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 255 (1922)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Eulalia contorta.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0