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This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to Cape Prov., Madagascar, China (Guangdong) to Tropical Asia and NW. Australia.

[FZ]

Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

Morphology General Habit
A glabrous perennial herb with a prostrate creeping stem; rootstock semi-woody.
Morphology Stem
Stems up to c. 1.4 m. long, flagelliforrn, usually solitary, simple or sometimes branched, often rooting at the nodes, internodes c. 5–15 cm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few to numerous, ± densely crowded at the stem base and also in fascicles at the nodes, the leaf fascicles often subtended by 2 broadly ovate-reniform foliaceous bracts; basal leaves subcoriaceous, up to 11(14)-2.5(3) cm., spathulate to oblanceolate, apices rounded-obtuse, margins subentire to denticulate, rarely also sinuate-dentate to lobed, bases attenuate often subauriculate below; fascicle leaves similar but usually smaller.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary or few from the rootcrown and at the nodes; stalks 1–3 cm. long, simple, bracteate; involucres 10–13 x 3–4 mm. in flowering capitula, up to c. 15 x 5 mm. long in fruiting capitula, narrowly oblong-cylindrical; phyllaries imbricate, increasing uniformly from 3–4 mm. long and ovate on the outside to 13–15 mm. long and lanceolate on the inside, all eventually swollen and corky towards the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 12–20 per capitulum; corollas yellow, c. 15 mm. long, ligule c. 7 mm. long, lorate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes greyish-brown, 4–5 x 1.5 mm., subfusiform-cylindric, with c. 5 ± inflated spongy ribs; pappus copious of fine, white, minutely barbellate setae 9 mm. long.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Perennial stoloniferous herb; stems prostrate, to 1 m long, glabrous, rooting at the nodes and forming new rosettes there, usually unbranched; rootstock semi-woody, long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves few to many, crowded at stem base, in little fascicles at the nodes, glaucous, sub-succulent, oblanceolate to spatulate, 1–11(–14) cm long, 0.5–2.5(–3) cm wide, base attenuate, subauriculate at the stem, margins entire to denticulate, rarely lobed, apex rounded or obtuse, glabrous; the fascicles often subtended by two broadly ovate bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula solitary or few, from the root-crown, also at the nodes; stalks of individual capitula 1–3 cm long, simple, bracteate; involucre narrowly cylindric, 10–15 mm long; phyllaries green, lanceolate, 2–15 mm long, obtuse, glabrous or minutely ciliate distally.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets 12–20 per capitulum; corolla yellow, tube 8 mm long, ligule 3–7 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes grey-brown, cylindric, 3.5–5 mm long, with slightly spongy ribs; pappus of fine setae 6–10 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 26.
Habitat
Near the high water mark on sandy beaches, in sand dunes, on coral; may be locally common; 0–15 m
Distribution
Mozambique, South Africa, Madagascar, Seychelles, Reunion, Mauritius, India to China and W Australia K7 T6 Z

Native to:

Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Cape Provinces, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Jawa, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Madagascar, Maldives, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

Introduced into:

Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles

Launaea sarmentosa (Willd.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Drege K000251753 isotype
Harvey K000251754 syntype
Grant, Fr.B. K000251755
Drege [5130], South Africa K000251756

First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 350 (1891)

Accepted by

  • Koyama, H., Bunwong, S., Pornpongrungrueng, P. & Hind, D.J.N. (2016). Flora of Thailand 13(2): 143-428. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.J. Scott in Fl. Masc. 109: 39, t. 11 (1993).
  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 18: 468 (1966).
  • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 219, t. 40d (1992).
  • Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 350 (1891).
  • N. Kilian in Englera 17: 288 (1997).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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