1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Guadua Kunth
      1. Guadua paniculata Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to S. Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect (arching); 500-1000 cm long; 10-25 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled, or solid; yellow, or light green, or mid-green. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement two, or three; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 5-7 mm long; dark. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.05-0.1 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8-14 cm long; 4-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty, or clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts (of 1-3 spikelets); lax; with glumaceous subtending bracts; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafy between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 8-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 20-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 8-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 20-35 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 1-2 empty glumes; persistent; shorter than spikelet.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 11 -veined. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea 0.75-0.9 length of lemma. Palea keels winged; conspicuously winged; ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; ovate; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; 4-4.5 mm long. Embryo 0.25 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Costaric 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Venezuela

    Guadua paniculata Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1321], Mato Grosso K000579249
    Aug 1, 1996 Filgueiras, T.S. [3378], Brazil K000947791
    Gardner [2981], Brazil K000018888 syntype
    Gardner [2981A], Pernambuco K000018889 syntype
    Calderon, C.E. [2433], Brazil K000947792
    Calderon, C.E. [2433], Brazil K000947793

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 85 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0