1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia goetzei Gürke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Somalia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Small tree up to 8(10) m. high or sometimes a scandent shrub, dioecious, with hard timber; trunk and branches irregularly fluted, often square in section and even buttressed; bark smooth, grey-green in small specimens, becoming blue-grey and peeling away into thin plate-like flakes; branchlets glabrous, very rarely hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate; petiole 0.8–3.0(4.0) cm. long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 5–12 x 2.5–7.0 cm., elliptic or broadly elliptic to obovate, glabrous on the mature leaves, acute to obtuse at apex, cuneate to truncate and often asymmetrical at base, with entire margins, membranous to almost coriaceous, with 5–7 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib, not conspicuous on the lower surface, reticulate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes arranged in shortly peduncled, slender, terminal and pseudo-axillary pseudo-dichotomous lax 2.5–6.0 cm. long and 3–9 cm. wide panicles; rhachis and branches glabrous or with scattered hairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers male or female, on pedicels up to 2 mm. long. Female flowers with buds as in male flowers; calyx 4.5–5.5 mm. long, campanulate to cylindrical, thickened at base, indumentum as in male flowers; corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 4–5, filaments 1.5–2.5 mm. long, sterile anthers 0.8–1.0 mm. long; ovary c. 2 mm. long, ± ellipsoid, glabrous; style 6.5–7.5 mm. long, first forked at 2.0–2.5 mm. and with stigmatic branches 3.0–4.0 mm. long, linear, lobed. Male flowers with buds c. 5 mm. long, obovoid, glabrous or subglabrous but often with a tuft of minute hairs at the apex; calyx 5–6 mm. long, tubular-campanulate, irregularly 3–5-toothed, membranous, glabrous or subglabrous outside, minutely strigose inside; corolla whitish, with tube 3.5–5.0 mm. long, cylindric, glabrous outside and inside save by a few hairs on the line of the stamens and with 4–5 lobes, 4.5–5.5 x 1.4–1.6 mm., oblong-lanceolate, acute to obtuse, ± reflexed, glabrous; stamens 4–5, inserted at the corolla-throat, filaments 3.5–5.0 mm. long, slender, hairy to the base, anthers 1.5–2.0 mm. long; ovary vestigial without style.
    Male
    Male flowers with buds c. 5 mm. long, obovoid, glabrous or subglabrous but often with a tuft of minute hairs at the apex; calyx 5–6 mm. long, tubular-campanulate, irregularly 3–5-toothed, membranous, glabrous or subglabrous outside, minutely strigose inside; corolla whitish, with tube 3.5–5.0 mm. long, cylindric, glabrous outside and inside save by a few hairs on the line of the stamens and with 4–5 lobes, 4.5–5.5 x 1.4–1.6 mm., oblong-lanceolate, acute to obtuse, ± reflexed, glabrous; stamens 4–5, inserted at the corolla-throat, filaments 3.5–5.0 mm. long, slender, hairy to the base, anthers 1.5–2.0 mm. long; ovary vestigial without style.
    Female
    Female flowers with buds as in male flowers; calyx 4.5–5.5 mm. long, campanulate to cylindrical, thickened at base, indumentum as in male flowers; corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 4–5, filaments 1.5–2.5 mm. long, sterile anthers 0.8–1.0 mm. long; ovary c. 2 mm. long, ± ellipsoid, glabrous; style 6.5–7.5 mm. long, first forked at 2.0–2.5 mm. and with stigmatic branches 3.0–4.0 mm. long, linear, lobed.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 15 x 10 mm., ovoid-conical, apiculate, glabrous, orange when ripe, surrounded at the base by the enlarged widely campanulate many-toothed calyx; pyrene angular-ovoid, c. 10 x 7 mm., 1-seeded.
    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Erect shrub or tree 2–15(–18) m. tall, with a peculiar angular vertically ridged trunk (‘as if round originally and has then collapsed’), variously described as ‘fluted’ and ‘spiralig gedrecht’ (Scheffler); branches sometimes leaning and almost scandent; bark usually grey-white and smooth (as if white-washed or painted (Greenway)), peeling off to reveal yellow-green or green surface beneath but occasionally said to be rough (see note); young branches glabrous (see note), longitudinally ridged when dry.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic, (1.5–)2–12.5(–13.5) cm. long, 1–6.5 cm. wide, rounded to ± acute at the apex, cuneate to rounded at the base, entire, quite smooth and glabrous or with dense minute tubercles above (see note); venation slightly raised and finely reticulate beneath; petiole (1–)1.5–3 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented in lax cymes, terminal (usually on lateral snoots) or axillary; peduncle 0.2–1.5 cm. long; pedicels 0.5–4 mm. long. Female:calyx more cylindrical, pubescent inside; tube 3 mm. long, not ribbed; lobes 4, ovate, ± with apical tufts of hair; corolla-tube cylindrical, swollen at the base, 3–4 mm. long; lobes oblong-elliptic, 4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; stamens with upper free parts of filaments 1 mm. long, ovary ellipsoid, 2 mm. long, 1.2 mm. diameter; unbranched part of style 2–3 mm. long; primary branches 1 mm. long with 4 stigmatic arms 2.2 mm. long. Male:calyx narrowly campanulate, pubescent inside; tube 3 mm. long, 3-lobed, the lobes obtuse, 1 mm. long; corolla white or yellowish; tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes 4–5, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to obovate-oblong, (2.5–)4.5–5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide; stamens well exserted; filaments (2–)4–5 mm. long with a few hairs on the adnate parts; rudimentary ovary 0.7 mm. diameter; style absent.
    Male
    Male:calyx narrowly campanulate, pubescent inside; tube 3 mm. long, 3-lobed, the lobes obtuse, 1 mm. long; corolla white or yellowish; tube 3–4 mm. long; lobes 4–5, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to obovate-oblong, (2.5–)4.5–5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide; stamens well exserted; filaments (2–)4–5 mm. long with a few hairs on the adnate parts; rudimentary ovary 0.7 mm. diameter; style absent.
    Female
    Female:calyx more cylindrical, pubescent inside; tube 3 mm. long, not ribbed; lobes 4, ovate, ± with apical tufts of hair; corolla-tube cylindrical, swollen at the base, 3–4 mm. long; lobes oblong-elliptic, 4 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; stamens with upper free parts of filaments 1 mm. long, ovary ellipsoid, 2 mm. long, 1.2 mm. diameter; unbranched part of style 2–3 mm. long; primary branches 1 mm. long with 4 stigmatic arms 2.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruiting inflorescence up to 4 cm. long; fruits subglobose to obovoid, 0.8–1(–1.9) cm. long, 6(–13) mm. wide; endocarps woody, 4–8(–11) mm. long, 4–6.5(–8) mm. wide; fruiting calyx cupular, 5 mm. long, 7 mm. wide at throat, ± constricted below.
    Figures
    Fig. 2.
    Habitat
    Evergreen coastal forest, rain-forest, riverine forest and thicket ground-water forest; 0–1350 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Cordia goetzei Gürke appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Goetze, W. [365], Tanzania K000418660 lectotype
    Tozzi, R. [332], Somalia K000418672 isotype

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 307 (1900)

    Accepted by

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 62, t. 20 (1990).
    • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174: 39, fig. 3/C, D, 5/B (1988).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 75 (1980).
    • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 150 (1964).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 768 (1961).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 70 (1961).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 76 (1949).
    • Senni, Gli alberi Formazioni legnose della Somalia: 211 (1935).
    • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 14 (1905).
    • Gürke in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 307, 461 (1900).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0