1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia grandicalyx Oberm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mozambique to Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Multiple-stemmed shrub or small tree up to 7 m. high, dioecious, deciduous; branches tomentose, glabrescent and with prominent leaf-scars.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate; petiole 0.5–3.0(5.0) cm. long, subterete, tawny-pubescent or tawny-hairy; lamina 4–13(16) x 3.5–10.0( 12.5) cm. very variable in shape, widely ovate or widely obovate to reniform, roughish but glandular-pubescent when young above, tomentose below, usually rounded at apex, obtuse to subcordate at base, margins entire, slightly crenate to minutely dentate, leathery, with 3–4 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib, the basal ones reaching the margins on the upper half, or 3–5-nerved from base, very prominently net-veined below.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes arranged in short ± contracted terminal panicles; rhachis and branches minutely tawny-tomentose; pedicels 2–11 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Male flowers with calyx 13–14 mm. long, tubular-infundibuliform, prominently nerved, minutely tawny-tomentose outside, sparsely pubescent inside, with 3–6 triangular teeth 1.5–2.5 mm. long; corolla sordid with tube 15–17 mm. long, cylindrical, glandular-puberulous outside, glabrous inside save by some whitish long hairs below the insertion of stamens, limb 15–20 mm. in diam. with (4)5(6) oblanceolate, outspread lobes; stamens inserted near the apex of the corolla tube, filaments 6–8 mm. long, slender, hairy to the base, anthers 2.5–4.0 mm. long, oblong; ovary vestigial, without style. Female flowers with calyx 9–11 mm. long, besides as in male flowers; corolla with tube c. 12 mm. long, besides as in male flowers; staminodes with filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long and sterile anthers 2.0 mm. long; ovary c. 1.5 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous; style 18–22 mm. long, first branched at c. 11 mm. from the base and with stigmatic branches 6–10 mm. long, linear-filiform, glabrous.
    Male
    Male flowers with calyx 13–14 mm. long, tubular-infundibuliform, prominently nerved, minutely tawny-tomentose outside, sparsely pubescent inside, with 3–6 triangular teeth 1.5–2.5 mm. long; corolla sordid with tube 15–17 mm. long, cylindrical, glandular-puberulous outside, glabrous inside save by some whitish long hairs below the insertion of stamens, limb 15–20 mm. in diam. with (4)5(6) oblanceolate, outspread lobes; stamens inserted near the apex of the corolla tube, filaments 6–8 mm. long, slender, hairy to the base, anthers 2.5–4.0 mm. long, oblong; ovary vestigial, without style.
    Female
    Female flowers with calyx 9–11 mm. long, besides as in male flowers; corolla with tube c. 12 mm. long, besides as in male flowers; staminodes with filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long and sterile anthers 2.0 mm. long; ovary c. 1.5 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous; style 18–22 mm. long, first branched at c. 11 mm. from the base and with stigmatic branches 6–10 mm. long, linear-filiform, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit c. 40 x 35 mm., ovoid, with a horn-shaped point c. 15 mm. long, glabrous; fruiting calyx widely campanulate, enlarged up to 35 mm. wide at the mouth, with crisp and revolute margin, pubescent or tomentellous outside, very prominently nerved outside mainly on the upper half; mesocarp fibrous; pyrene coarsely trapezoidal in cross section, 1-seeded.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zimbabwe

    Cordia grandicalyx Oberm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lanz, H. [32193], South Africa K000418641

    First published in Ann. Transvaal Mus. 17: 219 (1937)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0