1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia millenii Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub to tall tree, 4–32 m. tall, with spreading crown and thick ± short rarely straight bole, 9–12 m. long, bearing short blunt buttresses; bark pale brown, greenish grey or grey-brown, rough and fibrous, flaking in oblong pieces; slash pale yellow turning blackish orange or pale creamy brown, fibrous and layered, turning rapidly through greenish to dark brown; young shoots ferruginous-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades rounded-obovate, ovate-elliptic to almost round, (3.5–)9–15(–33) cm. long, (2–)6–11.5(–26) cm. wide, ± rounded to acuminate at the apex, rounded to cordate at the base, entire or crenulate, scabrid or glabrous above, tomentose-pilose or softly velvety pubescent beneath or hairy only on the venation which is raised and reticulate beneath; petiole 2.5–7.5(–16) cm. long, ferruginous-pilose, leaving marked scars after leaf-fall.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes condensed, in large panicles 20–45 cm. long; peduncles to 17 cm. long, secondary axes up to 4 cm. long; pedicels short or obsolete, articulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers unisexual, very sweetly scented. Female:calyx more tubular, 6–10 mm. long, 3–4-lobed; corolla-tube 5–10(–12) mm. long; limb with lobes similar to ♂ but elliptic-oblong to ovate, 4.5–6.5 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide; stamens 5A2—7, scarcely exserted, the pilose filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long, sterile; ovary ovoid, 3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. diameter, glabrous; style 5 mm. long with 2 branches 3 mm. long, each with stigmatic branches linear, flattened 4–6 mm. long, fimbriate, exserted. Male:calyx tubular-campanulate, 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 3–4-toothed or ± 2-lipped, fulvous-tomentose, ± ribbed; corolla white, yellow or greenish yellow, or cream; tube cylindric-campanulate, 0.7–1.2 cm. long; limb 1.2–1.5 cm. wide, the lobes 5–7, oblong, elliptic or narrowly ovate, 4.5–7 mm. long, 1.8–2.5 mm. wide; stamens 5–7, exserted, with filaments 5–9 mm. long; rudimentary ovary subglobose, 0.5–0.9 mm. diameter, with an apical tuft of hairs.
    Male
    Male:calyx tubular-campanulate, 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 3–4-toothed or ± 2-lipped, fulvous-tomentose, ± ribbed; corolla white, yellow or greenish yellow, or cream; tube cylindric-campanulate, 0.7–1.2 cm. long; limb 1.2–1.5 cm. wide, the lobes 5–7, oblong, elliptic or narrowly ovate, 4.5–7 mm. long, 1.8–2.5 mm. wide; stamens 5–7, exserted, with filaments 5–9 mm. long; rudimentary ovary subglobose, 0.5–0.9 mm. diameter, with an apical tuft of hairs.
    Female
    Female:calyx more tubular, 6–10 mm. long, 3–4-lobed; corolla-tube 5–10(–12) mm. long; limb with lobes similar to ♂ but elliptic-oblong to ovate, 4.5–6.5 mm. long, 2.5–4 mm. wide; stamens 5A2—7, scarcely exserted, the pilose filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long, sterile; ovary ovoid, 3.5 mm. long, 2 mm. diameter, glabrous; style 5 mm. long with 2 branches 3 mm. long, each with stigmatic branches linear, flattened 4–6 mm. long, fimbriate, exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit obovoid, ellipsoid or ovoid, 2–4.4 cm. long, 1.4–3 cm. diameter, shortly apiculate, sitting in an enlarged calycine cupule 1.7–2 cm. long, 2.5 cm. wide; putamen subquadrate, grooved, with 1–2 locules developed; seeds 1–2.
    Figures
    Figs. 1/6,7, p. 8; 3, p. 14.
    Habitat
    Rain-forest; 900–1650 m. (see note)
    Distribution
    K5 T4 U1 U2 U4 Guinée to Gabon and Angola across to the Central African Republic, Zaire and Sudan
    [FWTA]

    Boraginaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A large forest tree pale brownish-tomentose on the young parts
    Flowers
    Flowers yellowish 1/2 in. long, crowded in cymes
    Note
    Often planted in towns.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Cordia millenii Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4820], Cameroon K000746062
    Jan 1, 1988 Mann [875], Sierra Leone K000418696 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Mann [875], Sierra Leone K000418697 isotype
    Jan 1, 1988 Zenker [247], Cameroon K000418687
    Jan 1, 1988 Dümmer, R. [2727], Uganda K000418663 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1988 Dümmer, R. [2727], Uganda K000418664 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Irving [63], Nigeria K000418693 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1988 Rowland [s.n.], Nigeria K000418694 syntype
    Jan 1, 1988 Millen [12], Nigeria K000418695 Unknown type material
    Aug 12, 1985 Dawe, M.J. [798], Uganda K000418669 syntype
    Maitland, T.D. [369], Cameroon K000029794
    Maitland, T.D. [369], Cameroon K000029795
    Welwitsch [5461], Angola K000418645
    Welwitsch [5428], Angola K000418646 Unknown type material
    Welwitsch [5428], Angola K000418647 Unknown type material
    Soyaux, H. [390], Gabon K000418688
    Irving [s.n.], Nigeria K000426819 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 27 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    • Taton, A. (1971). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Boraginaceae: 1-82. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aké Assi, Contrib. 1: 176 (1961).
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv., ed. 2, 3: 224
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 11
    • in Kew Bull. 1894: 27
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174: 36 (1988).
    • Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 287 (1985).
    • Taton, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Borag.: 10, t. 1 (1971).
    • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 320 (1963).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 70 (1961).
    • Aubrév., Fl. For. Côte d’Ivoire, ed. 2, 3: 224 (1959).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 77 (1956).
    • W.J. Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. 2: 48 (1952).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 127 (1947).
    • E.A. Bruce in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1940: 62 (1940).
    • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 11 (1905).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1894: 27 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0