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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Iran to Indo-China.

[FTEA]

Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Habit
Tree 6–12 m. tall, sometimes rather twisted, with young stems hairy but soon glabrous, older with circular petiolar scars.
Leaves
Leaves broadly ovate to subcircular, or sometimes obovate, 3–18 cm. long, 3–20 cm. wide, rounded to cordate or cuneate at the base, rounded to shortly obtusely acuminate at the apex, entire or repand-dentate, subcoriaceous, glabrous above, glabrous to ± densely pubescent beneath or even velvety; petiole 0.6–3.5 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely hairy.
Inflorescences
Cymes in terminal lax panicles, often on short lateral branches, 3–8.5 cm. long, 2–7 cm. wide, axes glabrous to sparsely pubescent; pedicels 1–2 mm. long, articulate at the apex.
Male
Male:calyx campanulate, 4.5–5.5 mm. long, 3-lobed, glabrous outside, pubescent to tomentose at apex inside; corolla white; tube 3.5–4.5 mm. long; lobes 5, elliptic, 5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, reflexed; stamens exserted, the filaments 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary and style absent.
Flowers
Female:calyx tubular-campanulate, 6–8.5 mm. long, irregularly 3–4-toothed, glabrous outside save for tips of lobes, densely pubescent inside; corolla-tube 4.5–6.5 mm. long; lobes 4–6, elliptic to obovate, 5–7 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. wide, reflexed and rolled up; stamens with filaments 1.5–2.5 mm. long, ± pubescent; anthers sterile; ovary ellipsoid or obovoid, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 2–2.7 mm. wide; style exserted, 8–9 mm. long, deeply divided into 4 stigmatic branches 4–5 mm. long, flattened and subfoliaceous with irregular or erose-denticulate margins. Male:calyx campanulate, 4.5–5.5 mm. long, 3-lobed, glabrous outside, pubescent to tomentose at apex inside; corolla white; tube 3.5–4.5 mm. long; lobes 5, elliptic, 5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, reflexed; stamens exserted, the filaments 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary and style absent.
Female
Female:calyx tubular-campanulate, 6–8.5 mm. long, irregularly 3–4-toothed, glabrous outside save for tips of lobes, densely pubescent inside; corolla-tube 4.5–6.5 mm. long; lobes 4–6, elliptic to obovate, 5–7 mm. long, 2.5–3.5 mm. wide, reflexed and rolled up; stamens with filaments 1.5–2.5 mm. long, ± pubescent; anthers sterile; ovary ellipsoid or obovoid, 2.5–3.5 mm. long, 2–2.7 mm. wide; style exserted, 8–9 mm. long, deeply divided into 4 stigmatic branches 4–5 mm. long, flattened and subfoliaceous with irregular or erose-denticulate margins.
Fruits
Fruit yellow, apricot or blackish, ovoid, (1.2–)2–3.5 cm. long, apiculate, held in the accrescent campanulate calyx (0.7–1 cm. long, 1.2–1.5(–2) cm. wide), which is ± obscurely lobed or subtruncate; pulp mucilaginous and sweet; endocarp broadly ellipsoid or ± globose, ± 1.2 cm. long, 1 cm. wide, deeply rugose, 4-locular but only 1 seed developing.
Figures
Fig. 1/3.
Habitat
Naturalised in coastal and other bushland and cultivated; 0–1050 m.
Distribution
native of tropical Asia (India, etc.), cultivated and often naturalised in tropical Africa, Senegal to Cameroon, also in N. Africa (Algeria, Libya, Egypt) P T3 T4 T5 T6 U1 Z

[FZ]

Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

Habit
Small tree up to 10 m. high with spreading crown and long glabrous or subglabrous young shoots; leaf scars very prominent.
Leaves
Leaves alternate; petiole 1.5–4.5 cm. long, stout, glabrous or subglabrous; lamina 5–16 x 5–16 cm., broadly ovate to circular, glabrous or hairy only on the nerves above, pubescent to subglabrous but hairy at the axils below, rounded to shortly and obtusely acuminate at apex, obtuse to subcordate, rarely subacute at base, margins entire to slightly dentate or crenate-dentate, leathery, with 3–7 nerves from the base, the middle one with 3–5 secondary nerves on each side, net-veined.
Inflorescences
Cymes arranged in few-flowered lax terminal panicles, 3–8 cm. long, sometimes on short lateral branches; rhachis and branches glabrous or subglabrous.
Flowers
Flowers variable, apparently all male but probably functionally unisexual and bisexual; buds 4–5 mm. long, obovoid, puberulous or pubescent on the upper part and sometimes brush-like at apex.
Calyx
Calyx 5–8 mm. long, narrowly campanulate, irregularly 3–5-toothed, glabrous or subglabrous outside, densely pubescent inside.
Corolla
Corolla cream-coloured, glabrous; tube 3.5–6.5 mm. long, cylindrical; lobes 4–6, 5–7 x 2.0–3.5 mm., elliptic to obovate, obtuse at apex, reflexed and ± coiled.
Stamens
Stamens inserted at the corolla-throat; filaments 1.5–3.5 mm. long, hairy at the base; anthers 1.8–2.0 mm. long, oblong-sagittate, sometimes sterile.
Pistil
Ovary c. 3 mm. long, ellipsoid; style c. 8 mm. long in total length with stigmatic branches c. 5 mm. long, oblong, wide flattened with ± deeply toothed or lobed margins.
Fruits
Fruit up to 30 mm. long, ovoid or globose, apiculate, glabrous, yellowish when ripe, surrounded at base by the widely enlarged campanulate calyx; pyrene c. 25 x 12 x 8 mm., more or less subwinged, 1–2-seeded.

[FWTA]

Boraginaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Habit
A shrub or tree up to 40 ft. high with stout stem, nearly glabrous branchlets
Flowers
Cream-white flowers 1/3 in. long in lax paniculate cymes.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, India, Iran, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Algeria, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Queensland, Rodrigues, Senegal, Seychelles, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Western Australia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cordia myxa L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1988 Scott Elliot, G.F. [5389], Sierra Leone K000418702 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1988 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000998070 holotype
48837.000
55096.000
Chevalier, A. [463], Mali K000386759
Miquel [s.n.], Sumatera K000998040
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110159
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 889], Nepal K001110160
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 889], Myanmar K001110161
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 889], Myanmar K001110162
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110174
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 889] K001110175
Davey, J.T. [498], Mali K000386758
Voltaic Research Centre [140], Burkina Faso K000386757
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889] K001110163
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889] K001110164
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110165
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110166
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110167
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110168
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110169
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110170
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889], India K001110171
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889] K001110172
s.coll. [Cat. no. 889] K001110173
Harley, R.M. [18983], Bahia Cordia paniculata K000583349

First published in Sp. Pl.: 199 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Ali, S.I. & Nasir, Y.J. (1989). Flora of West Pakistan 191: 1-200.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Taton, A. (1971). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Boraginaceae: 1-82. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Riedl, H. (1967). Flora Iranica 48: 1-281. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv., ed. 2, 3: 218, t. 834, 6
  • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 130
  • Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 490, 493, t. 112, 5.
  • Chev. Bot. 448
  • Hutch. in Kew Bull. 1918: 217, t. on p. 220, 1
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 14
  • Sp. Pl. 190 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Mao, A.A., Sinha, B.K., Verma, D. & Sarma, N. (2016). Check-List of Flora of Meghalaya: 1-273. Meghalaya Biodiversity Board, Shillong.
  • Wiriadinata, H., Girmansyah, D., Hunter, J.M., Hoover, W.S. & Kartawinata, K. (2013). Floristic study of West Sumbawa, Indonesia Reinwardtia 13: 391-404.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Musselman, L.J. (2011). Checklist of Plants of Lebanon and Syria http://ww2.odu.edu/~lmusselm/plant/lebsyria/Checklist%20of%20Lebanon%20Plants.pdf.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 65 (1990).
  • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174: 41, fig. 5/B, 8 (1988).
  • Burkill, Useful Pl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 287 (1985).
  • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1120 (1985).
  • Townsend in Fl. Iraq 4(2): 645 (1980).
  • Edmondson in Fl. Turkey 6: 246 (1978).
  • Taton in Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Borag.: 16, map. 4 (1971).
  • Riedl in Fl. Iran. 48/15: 7 (1967).
  • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 320 (1963).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 768 (1961).
  • Aubrév., Fl. For. Côte d’Ivoire, ed. 2, 3: 218, t. 334/6 (1959).
  • Dale, Introd. Trees Uganda: 24 (1953).
  • Hutch. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1918: 217, fig. on p. 220 (1918).
  • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 14 (1905).
  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 124 (1879).
  • Del., Fl. Egypte: 47, t. 19 (1812).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 190 (1753).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0