1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia pilosissima Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to E. Caprivi Strip.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Multiple-stemmed shrub, sometimes scrambling, or small tree up to 10(15) m. high, dioecious, deciduous; branches angular-ribbed and densely hairy when young, glabrescent and with a little prominent leaf-scars.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate; petiole 1–4(6) cm. long, usually tomentose-villous; lamina 6–18(23) x 5–15(20) cm., ovate or widely ovate to circular, pubescent or hairy but velutinous when young and sometimes roughish at maturity above, hairy or tomentose below, subacute to rounded and sometimes retuse at apex, truncate to subcordate, rarely obtuse at base, with ± crenate-denticulate and sometimes repand margins, papery, with 4–7 pairs of secondary nerves, sometimes 3–5-nerved from the base, venation slightly impressed above, prominent below.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes arranged in usually subsessile, short, ± contracted terminal panicles; rhachis and branches densely villous.
    Flowers
    Flowers male or female, on pedicels 0.5–3.0 mm. long, villous. Male flowers with calyx 6–10 mm. long, infundibuliform, prominently nerved, hairy or villous outside, pubescent inside, irregularly dentate; corolla white to yellow, glabrous, tube as long as the calyx, cylindrical, limb c. 15 mm. in diam. with 5 lobes 5–8(10) x 2–3(4) mm., narrowly obovate, crisped, truncate or sometimes bilobed at apex; stamens 5, inserted at the mouth of the corolla, filaments 4.0–5.0 mm. long, slender, villous to the base, anthers 2.0–2.5 mm. long, oblong; ovary vestigial, without style. Female flowers similar to the male ones but with filaments c. 2.5 mm. long and sterile anthers c. 1.5 mm. long; ovary c. 1.5 mm. long, cylindric-conical, glabrous; style c. 10 mm. long, first branched at c. 4 mm. and with stigmatic branches 3–6 mm. long, linear, flattened, papillose.
    Male
    Male flowers with calyx 6–10 mm. long, infundibuliform, prominently nerved, hairy or villous outside, pubescent inside, irregularly dentate; corolla white to yellow, glabrous, tube as long as the calyx, cylindrical, limb c. 15 mm. in diam. with 5 lobes 5–8(10) x 2–3(4) mm., narrowly obovate, crisped, truncate or sometimes bilobed at apex; stamens 5, inserted at the mouth of the corolla, filaments 4.0–5.0 mm. long, slender, villous to the base, anthers 2.0–2.5 mm. long, oblong; ovary vestigial, without style.
    Female
    Female flowers similar to the male ones but with filaments c. 2.5 mm. long and sterile anthers c. 1.5 mm. long; ovary c. 1.5 mm. long, cylindric-conical, glabrous; style c. 10 mm. long, first branched at c. 4 mm. and with stigmatic branches 3–6 mm. long, linear, flattened, papillose.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 27 x 16 mm. when dry, ovoid or elliopsoid, apiculate, glabrous; fruiting calyx enlarged up to 20 mm. long and 25 mm. in diam. at the mouth, with the margin folded and revolute, eroded and usually fallen at maturity, slightly ribbed; mesocarp fibrous; pyrene c. 15 mm. long, ± circular in cross section, 1-seeded.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Cordia pilosissima Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1965 Lawton, R.M. [1304], Zambia K000282807
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000418649 Unknown type material
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique K000418651
    Welwitsch [4784], Angola K000418652 Unknown type material
    Menyharth [853], Mozambique K000418650
    Tinley, K.L. [2357], Mozambique K000282808
    Maui, S. [1163], Botswana K000282809

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 28 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Taton, A. (1971). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Boraginaceae: 1-82. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0