1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia quercifolia Klotzsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Tropical Africa, Arabian Peninsula, India, Sri Lanka.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Spreading shrub to small bushy tree 0.3–4.5(–6) m. tall, sometimes even said to be ± creeping; young shoots ridged, often pubescent, lenticellate, the innovations pale ferruginous pubescent; bark dark, grey or almost black, thick, corky, deeply longitudinally fissured; slash soft grey-brown outer area and soft yellow-brown inner.
    Leaves
    Leaves nearly always opposite, rarely alternate on some shoots; blades oblong or narrowly oblong to oblong-elliptic, 0.9–7.5(–10) cm. long, 0.7–4(–5) cm. wide, rounded to slightly indented at the apex and ± mucronulate, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire or very slightly crenate towards the apex, slightly rough above with short white hairs and with longer white hairs beneath, often quite dense or with longer hairs on both surfaces; venation ± reticulate beneath; mostly subsessile or petiole up to 7 mm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers in ± sessile cymes or peduncle 0.8–1.5 cm. long; pedicels 0–1 mm. long becoming 4–5 mm. in fruit. Female:corolla-tube 3.5–5 mm. long; lobes 2–4.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 1.5 mm.; style 3 mm. long with branches 0.5–1.3 mm. long and stigmas 2–2.5 mm. long, well exserted. Male:corolla-lobes up to 6 mm. long; stamens exserted 3–5 mm.; style ± obsolete or if present then stigma not reaching the anthers.
    Calyx
    Calyx densely adpressed pubescent or velvety, becoming glabrescent in fruiting stage; tube 3.5–4(–6.5) mm. long, shortly lobed.
    Corolla
    Corolla white.
    Male
    Male:corolla-lobes up to 6 mm. long; stamens exserted 3–5 mm.; style ± obsolete or if present then stigma not reaching the anthers.
    Female
    Female:corolla-tube 3.5–5 mm. long; lobes 2–4.5 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 1.5 mm.; style 3 mm. long with branches 0.5–1.3 mm. long and stigmas 2–2.5 mm. long, well exserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit golden yellow or bright orange, ovoid with sharp beak-like style-base, 1–1.7 cm. long, 0.7–1 cm. wide, mucilaginous and edible; endocarps yellowish, ellipsoid, 6 mm. long, 4 mm. wide; fruiting calyx cupular, 9 mm. diameter.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/10, 11, p. 16.
    Habitat
    Grassland with scattered trees, Acacia-Commiphora, etc. bushland and thicket, lava desert, on black and red soils, never riverine; 60–1500 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Cordia quercifolia Klotzsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Neirll, H. [578], Sri Lanka Cordia nevillii K000998051 isotype
    Headley, P.M. [223], Ethiopia Cordia nevillii 6049.055

    First published in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 247 (1861)

    Accepted by

    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Cordia sinensis.]
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Cordia sinensis.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Klotzsch in Peters, Reise Mossamb., Bot.: 247, t. 43 (1861).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0