1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia sinensis Lam.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Indian Subcontinent.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    A shrub usually up to 4 m. or a bushy tree up to 8 m. high; branchlets angular, fulvous-tomentellous to subglabrous when young, glabrescent, often cream becoming grey or brown and lenticellate with age.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, subopposite or alternate; petiole 0.3–1.0(1.5) cm. long usually with some long pale hairs; lamina 3–9 x 1.0–4.5 cm., narrowly obovate to elliptic, rarely oblanceolate, with minute bulbous-based appressed or slightly ascending hairs and sometimes with scattered white bristles to subglabrous but often dotted with groups of cystoliths above, with minute bulbous-based hairs appressed in all directions or pubescent to subglabrous but usually with dense long hairs on the axils of the secondary nerves and along the midrib (sometimes not much evident) below, obtuse to rounded and sometimes retuse at apex, acute to obtuse and often slightly asymmetrical at base, margins entire to crenate or serrate to the upper half, papery to leathery, greyish-green or yellowish-green, with 5–7 secondary nerves on each side of the midrib.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 1.5–6.0 cm. long, little-branched, terminal or axillary; rhachis and branches minutely fulvous-tomentose with scattered long pale hairs to pubescent, often glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers male on pedicels 0.5–1.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 4–5 mm. long, narrowly campanulate, irregularly 3–5-toothed, pubescent or minutely fulvous-tomentose outside, strigose inside.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, glabrous; tube 2.5–4.0 mm. long, cylindrical; lobes 4, 3.0–4.0 x 1.2–2.0 mm., oblong to narrowly obovate, rounded at apex, reflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, inserted at the corolla-throat; filaments 2–3 mm. long, glabrous; anthers c. 1.5 mm. long, oblong.
    Pistil
    Ovary c. 2 mm. long, ovoid, glabrous; style 5–7 mm. long, first-forked at 2.0–2.5 mm. and with stigmatic branches 2–3 mm. long, clavate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 12–15 x 8–11 mm., ovoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, glabrous, yellow, orange or reddish when ripe, surrounded at the lower third by the widely enlarged, usually cream, campanulate calyx; mesocarp fleshy; pyrene c. 8 x 7 mm., ± rhomboidal or quadrangular in cross section, 1–3 seeded.
    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Tangled shrub or usually a spreading often several-stemmed tree 3–10(–12) m. tall; young stems ridged, slightly pubescent; young bark pale, smooth but later brownish grey or yellowish brown to almost black, densely longitudinally fissured and very rough; innovations often ± velvety, fawn-coloured.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades typically narrowly oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate to oblanceolate-obovate, mostly rather longer than in species 16, 1.5–11 cm. long, 0.6–4 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, rounded to cuneate at the base, entire or crenate near apex or rarely crenate all round, glabrous to pubescent and sometimes slightly scabrid above, nearly always with longer hairs in the nerve-axils and along the midrib beneath; occasionally somewhat asperous on both surfaces; petiole distinctly developed, up to 1.3(–1.8) cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented in rather laxer panicles than in species 16, 6.5 × 7 cm.; peduncles and secondary axes up to 1.5–3 cm. long; pedicels 2 mm. long. Female:corolla-lobes 3–4 mm. long, 1.3–1.5 mm. wide; filaments 2.2 mm. long; style 2.5 mm. long with branches 2 mm. long and stigmatic branches 2–4 mm. long. Male:corolla-lobes oblong, 4.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 3.5 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx glabrous to pubescent outside; tube cylindric-campanulate, 4–4.2 mm. long including 0.5–1 mm. long low rounded lobes.
    Corolla
    Corolla creamy white; tube 5 mm. long.
    Male
    Male:corolla-lobes oblong, 4.5 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; filaments exserted 3.5 mm.
    Female
    Female:corolla-lobes 3–4 mm. long, 1.3–1.5 mm. wide; filaments 2.2 mm. long; style 2.5 mm. long with branches 2 mm. long and stigmatic branches 2–4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow, orange or bright red, 0.7–1.3 cm. long, 7–9 mm. wide, mucilaginous and edible.
    Figures
    Fig. 4/8, 9, p.16.
    Habitat
    Mainly riverine, in tree belt or tangled scrub, sometimes in scrub and open thorn-bush of Acacia, Commiphora, etc. subject to inundation, ground-water forest; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U2
    [FWTA]

    Boraginaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A shrub or small tree up to 16 ft.
    Flowers
    White flowers 1/4 in. long in rather small pubescent cymes
    Fruits
    Ovoid, pointed fruits on a saucer-shaped calyx.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, India, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Socotra

    Cordia sinensis Lam. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2012 Congdon, T.C.E. [765], Tanzania K000823870
    Jan 1, 1988 Schimper [789], Ethiopia K000418670
    Milne-Redhead, E. [11233], Tanzania Cordia rothii 28447.000

    First published in Tabl. Encycl. 1: 423 (1792)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Martins in Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 69 (1990), pro parte.
    • Warfa, Nordic Journ. Bot. 9: 649, figs. 1,2 (1990).
    • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174, V: 2, fig. 1, 2 (1988)
    • Täckh., Student’s Fl. Egypt, ed. 2: 436, t. 152 (1974).
    • Meikle in Israel Journ. Bot. 20: 22 (1971).
    • Heine in Adansonia, sér. 2, 8: 186 (1968).
    • I.M. Johnston in Journ. Arn. Arb. 32: 11 (1951).
    • Poir. in Encycl. Méth. Bot. 7: 49 (1806).
    • Lam., Tab. Encycl. 1:423 (1792).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0