1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cordia L.
      1. Cordia somaliensis Baker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Somalia to E. Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Scrambling shrub or bushy tree with several stems from the base, (0.3–)1.8–6 m. tall; bark pale brown, becoming grey and fissured; young stems ridged, grey, densely pubescent with adpressed white hairs and longer spreading ones, later glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades pale green in life, obovate-oblong, 1.7–7.5(–10) cm. long, 1–5.3 cm. wide, rounded to acute at the apex, ± cuneate at the base, entire to shallowly crenate towards apex, ± fleshy, obscurely scabrid above with cystoliths but no rough hairs, glabrous or pubescent, adpressed pubescent beneath or almost glabrous; petiole 6–11(–15) mm. long, ± pilose.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented, opening in the evening, sessile in condensed cymes arranged in small inflorescences ± 6 cm. wide; peduncles ± 3 cm. long, with secondary axes ± 1.5 cm. long. Female:calyx campanulate; tube 4 mm. long; lobes 1 mm. long; corolla-tube fusiform, 5 mm. long; lobes narrowly obovate-oblong, 3.5 mm. long, 1.3 mm. wide; filaments 1 mm. long with adnate part shortly pilose; anthers present but sterile; ovary fusiform, 4 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; style stout, 1–2 mm. long, with branches 1.5–2.5 mm. long, the 4 stigmatic branches ± 3.2 mm. long. Male:calyx campanulate; tube 3–6 mm. long, constricted near the base when dry, sparsely pubescent outside, shortly adpressed pilose inside with 2–3 semicircular lobes ± 1 mm. long; corolla cream or yellowish, glabrous outside; tube cylindrical, 6 mm. long; lobes oblong-obovate, 6 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, narrowed below; stamens exserted; filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long with adpressed part pilose; rudimentary ovary depressed globose, 1 mm. tall, 1.5 mm. wide; style obsolete.
    Male
    Male:calyx campanulate; tube 3–6 mm. long, constricted near the base when dry, sparsely pubescent outside, shortly adpressed pilose inside with 2–3 semicircular lobes ± 1 mm. long; corolla cream or yellowish, glabrous outside; tube cylindrical, 6 mm. long; lobes oblong-obovate, 6 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, narrowed below; stamens exserted; filaments 2.5–3.5 mm. long with adpressed part pilose; rudimentary ovary depressed globose, 1 mm. tall, 1.5 mm. wide; style obsolete.
    Female
    Female:calyx campanulate; tube 4 mm. long; lobes 1 mm. long; corolla-tube fusiform, 5 mm. long; lobes narrowly obovate-oblong, 3.5 mm. long, 1.3 mm. wide; filaments 1 mm. long with adnate part shortly pilose; anthers present but sterile; ovary fusiform, 4 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide; style stout, 1–2 mm. long, with branches 1.5–2.5 mm. long, the 4 stigmatic branches ± 3.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange, ovoid-conic, 1–1.7 cm. long including the long-drawn-out acute beak, sitting in the 7–11 mm. wide, venose accrescent calyx.
    Figures
    Fig. 5/1, 2, p. 24.
    Habitat
    Sandy open areas near high-tide mark with Guettarda, etc., dunes, thicket on coral rag and other coastal bushland, also open Acacia scrub on red sandy soil; 0–15(–150) m.
    Distribution
    K1 K7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Somalia

    Cordia somaliensis Baker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1988 Kirk [s.n.], Somalia K000418671 holotype
    Verdcourt, B. [1062], Kenya 17686.000

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 28 (1894)

    Accepted by

    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Warfa, Acta Univ. Upsal. 174: 45, figs. 5/c, 9, 10 (1988).
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 769 (1961).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 71 (1961).
    • Chiov. in Fl. Somala 2: 308 (1932).
    • Chiov. in Fl. Somala 1: 225 (1929)
    • Chiov. in Agric. Colon. 20: 46 (1926)
    • Chiov., Result. Sci. Miss. Stef.-Paoli, Coll. Bot.: 119, 215 (1916)
    • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 18 (1905).
    • Bak. in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1894: 28 (1894).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0