1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Guilandina L.
      1. Guilandina bonduc L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtrop.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

    Habit
    Shrub or sometimes small bushy tree, spreading or sometimes scrambling, up to 5 m high.
    Stem
    Stems brown-pubescent at least when young, and copiously armed with spreading or slightly deflexed prickles of varying length and stoutness.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole and rachis together up to 50 cm, armed on the lower side with reflexed prickles often in pairs particularly at the insertions of the pinnae, and occasionally also with solitary ± straight prickles on the upper side especially at the insertions of the pinnae, or the petiole often with numerous prickles all round; pinnae 3–10 pairs; pinna rachis (4)6–18(22) cm, usually with paired reflexed prickles at the insertions of the leaflets but occasionally unarmed; leaflets (4)6–9(10) pairs per pinna, (0.8)1.3–4(5) × (0.5)0.8–2.2(2.5) cm, asymmetrically ovate or elliptic to ovate-oblong, obtuse or subacute or sometimes somewhat acuminate at the apex, both surfaces usually pubescent with brownish hairs when young but often glabrescent except on midrib and margins; stipules conspicuous, leafy, compound, with usually 3 ovate to oblate and usually retuse lobes up to 2.5 × 3.6 cm.
    Inflorescences
    Racemes up to 35 cm long, terminal and lateral (axillary or supra-axillary) and often branched; bracts up to 14 mm long, linear-lanceolate, much exceeding the subtended buds and reflexing as the buds develop, falling at about anthesis; pedicels (4)6–9(20 in fruit) mm.
    Calyx
    Lateral sepals 4–7 mm long; all sepals brown-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 8–10 mm long, oblanceolate-oblong, the upper one broader and stouter than the others, yellow to greenish-yellow.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4.5–7 mm.
    Ovary
    Ovary covered with stiffish hairs.
    Fruits
    Pod 4.5–8 × 3.5–5.3 cm, broadly elliptic-oblong, fairly densely covered by stiff spines up to 9 mm long, apparently rather tardily dehiscing along the lower margin and perhaps sometimes the upper as well; seeds usually 1–2 per pod, subglobose, 1.5–2 cm diameter, leaden-grey, hard, the testa showing a number of parallel, regular, encircling lines looking like fine cracks.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zanzibar-Inhambane regional transition zone; mangrove., Guineo-Congolian mangrove (and strand forest)., Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone;mangrove and coastal vegetation.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Herb/Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Anoso, Bonduc, Brier, Cadoc, Cadoque, Canique, Cassie, Cockspur, Fever Nut, Gataran, Graines Quinique, Gray Nickarnut, Gray Nickel, Gray Nicker, Gray Nickerbean, Grey Nicker, Guilandina Seed, Indian Nut, Kalu Vavuletiya, Karanju, Kat-Karanj, Kumburu Wel,

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Easter Is., Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Pakistan, Samoa, Society Is., Tonga

    Guilandina bonduc L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gardner [6002], Maranhão K000841414
    Gardner [6002], Maranhão K000841417
    Kallunki, J.A. [654], Rio de Janeiro K000841420
    Graham [s.n.] K000841416
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5806], Malaysia K001122206
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5806], Malaysia K001122207
    Guillemin [s.n.], Rio de Janeiro K000841415
    Souza, V. [426], Espírito Santo K000841421
    Dr. King's Collector [895], Peninsular Malaysia K000789322
    Santoro, J. [s.n.], São Paulo K000841418
    Barbielini, A.A. [6894], São Paulo K000841419
    Feb 1, 2000 Aparicio, R. [119], El Salvador Caesalpinia bonduc K000661648
    Nov 1, 1999 Thomas, W.W. [11645], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055323
    Jan 1, 1999 Knapp, S. [1917], Panama Caesalpinia bonduc K000661677
    Jan 1, 1997 Thomas, W.W. [11645], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055308
    Jan 1, 1996 Cuadras, J. [8025 MV], Panama Caesalpinia bonduc K000661675
    Jan 1, 1996 Cuadras, J. [8026 MV], Panama Caesalpinia bonduc K000661676
    Oct 1, 1995 Quesada, F. [1035], Costa Rica Caesalpinia bonduc K000661645
    Jun 1, 1995 Smith, H.H. [2062], Colombia Caesalpinia bonduc K000680944
    Nov 1, 1993 Aguilar, R. [2520], Costa Rica Caesalpinia bonduc K000661646
    Nov 1, 1983 Luetzelburg, Ph.von [349], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055022
    Nov 1, 1983 Luetzelburg, Ph.von [349], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055023
    Nov 1, 1983 Luetzelburg, Ph.von [349], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055024
    Mar 1, 1979 Harley, R.M. [18064], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055025
    Mar 1, 1979 Harley, R.M. [18064], Bahia Caesalpinia bonduc K000055026
    Feb 19, 1959 Hildebrandt, J.M. [1214], Tanzania Caesalpinia bonduc K000232358
    Caesalpinia bonduc K000232364
    Maitland, T.D. [777], Cameroon Caesalpinia bonduc K000092668
    unknown [9], Liberia Caesalpinia bonduc K000232363
    Mann [398], Guinea Caesalpinia bonduc K000232362
    Matuda, E. [2732], Mexico Caesalpinia bonduc K000661650
    Barter [1612], Guinea Caesalpinia bonduc K000232365
    Barter [188] Caesalpinia bonduc K000232366
    Gentle, P.H. [1636], Belize Caesalpinia bonduc K000661649
    Tonduz, A. [7010], Costa Rica Caesalpinia bonduc K000661647
    Riley, L.A.M. [153], Panama Caesalpinia bonduc K000661679
    Martínez S., E.M. [25631], Mexico Caesalpinia bonduc K000661651
    Marquez R., W. [828], Mexico Caesalpinia bonduc K000661658
    Cuming, H. [1187] Caesalpinia bonduc K000661678
    Cuming, H. [1187], Panama Caesalpinia bonduc K000661680
    Alvarado, F. [95], Costa Rica Caesalpinia bonduc K000661381
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 5803] Guilandina bonducella K001122203
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5803] Guilandina bonducella K001122199
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5803] Guilandina bonducella K001122200
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5803], Bangladesh Guilandina bonducella K001122201
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5803] Guilandina bonducella K001122202

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 381 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • da Silva e Silva, W.L., Cajueiro Gurgel, E.S., Moreira dos Santos, J.U. & Falcão da Silva, M. (2013). Inventário e distribuição geográfica de Leguminosae no arquipélago de Marajó, PA, Brazil Hoehnea 40: 627-647.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325. [Cited as Caesalpinia bonduc.]

    Literature

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    Sources

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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

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    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/