1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cynoglossum L.
      1. Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & J.R.Drumm.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Nepal to Central China.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Annual or biennial herb 0.3–1.2 m. tall, branched from the base; rootstock ± simple, 6–10 cm. long; stems woody at the base, densely adpressed velvety hairy, scarcely scabrid, ± ridged in dry state.
    Leaves
    Cauline leaves numerous and ± closely placed, narrowly oblong to lanceolate, 2–20 cm. long, 0.4–4 cm. wide, acute at the apex, sessile or ± amplexicaul at the base, densely adpressed softly velvety hairy on both surfaces; nervation impressed above, raised beneath, grey-green when dry; basal leaves up to 9 cm. long, 1.5 cm. wide with petioles to 4 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal and axillary, forming a compound inflorescence ± 10 cm. long in young state, extending to 35 cm.; cymes 2-branched, each branch eventually 5–10 cm. long; pedicels ± 2 mm. long, becoming longer and deflexed in fruit, up to 4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 3 mm. long, densely pubescent; lobes oblong-elliptic to ovate, 2 mm. long, just over 1 mm. wide, becoming more ovate and somewhat accrescent and 3 × 2 mm.
    Corolla
    Corolla intense blue, the limb ± 1 cm. wide; tube 2.5 mm. long, the throat with retuse finely papillose bosses; lobes rounded, ± 4 mm. diameter.
    Anthers
    Anthers pale blue, 1 mm. long, shortly protruding between the bosses.
    Style
    Style 2 mm. long, narrowed at the apex.
    Fruits
    Nutlets whitish, depressed-ovoid, 3 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, covered all over with short glochidia, thickened towards the base, the outer ± forming a marginal serrated crest.
    Figures
    Fig. 29/1.
    Habitat
    Margins of cultivations, forest clearings, grassland on hillsides, etc.; clearly an escape from gardens but now naturalised; 1350–1900 m.
    Distribution
    T3 cultivated and naturalised in many parts of the world

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Nepal, Thailand, Tibet

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Great Britain, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Mexico Southwest, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Tanzania, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuela

    Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & J.R.Drumm. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Henry, A. [9365], Yunnan K000942414 Unknown type material
    Hancock, W. [33], Yunnan K000942415 lectotype
    Soulié, J.A.L. [861], Tibet K000942416 Unknown type material
    Soulié, J.A.L. [861], Tibet K000942417

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 202 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • König, J. & al. (2015). A revision of the genus Cynoglossum L. (Boraginaceae Juss.) in Nepal and notes on the widespread Asian species Phytotaxa 224: 1-28.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa.
    • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Ruengsawang, K. & Chantaranothai, P. (2009). A revision of Boraginaceae subfamily Boraginoideae in Thailand Thai Journal of Botany 1: 89-101.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • König, J. & al. (2015). A revision of the genus Cynoglossum L. (Boraginaceae Juss.) in Nepal and notes on the widespread Asian species Phytotaxa 224: 1-28.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Starr, F. & Starr, K. (2011). New plant records for Midway atoll, Maui and Kaho'olawe Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 110: 23-35.
    • Monro, A.K., González, F., Santamaría, D., Chacón, O., Rodríguez, A., Solano, D. Zamora, N. & Correa, M. (2011). A first checklist to the vascular plants of La Amistad International Park (PILA), Costa Rica-Panama Phytotaxa.
    • Ruengsawang, K. & Chantaranothai, P. (2009). A revision of Boraginaceae subfamily Boraginoideae in Thailand Thai Journal of Botany 1: 89-101.
    • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Ariza Espinar in Kurtziana 17: 145, fig. 1 (1984).
    • Meikle, Garden Flowers: 310, fig. 97 (1963).
    • Brand in A. Engler, Das PflanzenreichIV. 252 (78): 135 (1921).
    • Stapf & Drummond in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1906: 202 (1906).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0