1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cynoglossum L.
      1. Cynoglossum hispidum Thunb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Zimbabwe to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    A biennial herb up to 0.6 m. high; stems erect, unbranched, hispid (retrorsely to the lower part), solitary or few arising from the remains of the rosette of old basal leaves.
    Leaves
    Lamina 5.0–7.5( 15?)x 0.8–1.3(2.5?) cm. in inferior cauline leaves, progressively smaller to the apex, not seen in basal leaves, oblong to oblanceolate, shortly hispid above and below, the bristles with bulbous base and surrounded by cystolith areas, apex acute to obtuse, base narrowed into a petiole in basal and inferior cauline leaves, obtuse in the cauline sessile ones, the margins entire; midnerve slightly depressed above, prominent below and with the bristles retrorse on basal pan, the secondary nerves little perceptible or even undiscernible.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes arranged in a terminal thyrse.
    Flowers
    Flowers with pedicels c. 1.5 mm. long, retroflexed and elongated in fruit up to 15(25) mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobed to near base, lobes 1.2–2.0 x 0.6–0.8 mm., ovate-lanceolate, acute, hispid outside, glabrous inside, apparently 1-nerved.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube 1.4–1.7 mm. long, widely cylindric, glabrous; limb cleft to near base; lobes 0.6–0.8 x 0.4–0.6 mm., rounded at apex, almost veinless; fornices subquadrate.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted at c. 0.8 mm. from the base of corolla tube; anthers c. 0.8 mm, long, ovate; filaments 0.2–0.3 mm. long.
    Stigma
    Stigma globulose, terminal on the short style.
    Fruits
    Nutlets c. 3.5 x 3 mm., ovoid, free from the style, not marginate, densely and uniformly covered with short and strong glochids.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Cynoglossum hispidum Thunb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000418903
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000418905
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000418904
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000418906
    Baur, R. [257], South Africa K000418907

    First published in Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 34 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • König, J. & al. (2015). A revision of the genus Cynoglossum L. (Boraginaceae Juss.) in Nepal and notes on the widespread Asian species Phytotaxa 224: 1-28. [Cited as Cynoglossum lanceolatum.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0