1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus pungens (Pers.) Melderis

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & NW. Europe.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 40-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths puberulous; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2.5-10 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation prominent. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins unthickened. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 7-25 cm long. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes linear. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 10-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 10-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or oblong; 6.5-9.6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins prominent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume lanceolate, or oblong; 6.5-9.6 mm long; 0.75-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins prominent. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex obtuse; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 8.5-11 mm long; coriaceous; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lemma apex obtuse; muticous. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-4.5 mm long. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern. Australasia: Australia. North America: eastern Canada, northwest USA, and northeast USA.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Eur 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Baleares, Corse, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Netherlands, Northwest European R, Portugal, Spain

    Introduced into:

    Victoria

    Elymus pungens (Pers.) Melderis appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fernald, M. L. [129], Nova Scotia K001065429

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 380 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0