1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Echium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Echium plantagineum L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Great Britain, Macaronesia to Caucasus.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Erect annual to biennial herb with 1–many flowering stems 20–65 cm. tall; radical leaves ovate to oblanceolate, 5–28 cm. long, 1–3.5 cm. wide, adpressed setose with lateral nerves distinct; cauline leaves oblong to lanceolate, the upper cordate or truncate at the base, all with adpressed rather soft hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes usually distinctly stalked, lengthening after flowering to 25–30 cm.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.7–1.2 cm. long, lengthening to 1.7 cm. in fruit.
    Corolla
    Corolla blue turning purple then pink or entirely white, 1.8–3.2 cm. long, with hairs restricted to the veins and margins; ring of 10 distinct pilose lobes within the tube.
    Stamens
    Lower pair of stamens exserted, the others included or only slightly exserted; filaments with long woolly hairs.
    Style
    Style included, densely hispidulous below, bifid for ± 1 mm.
    Fruits
    Nutlets black or grey-brown, ovoid-bipyramidal, 2.3–3 × 2–2.5 mm. with prominent ventral and distinct dorsal keel and short suberect beak, tuberculate and faintly striate.
    Figures
    Fig. 22.
    Habitat
    Naturalised along roads and in meadows; 1680–2420 m.
    Distribution
    native to W. Europe including SW. Britain and Mediterranean area introduced into other parts of Europe, S. Russia and Caucasus and widely distributed as a casual and a bad weed in Australia K3 T3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, South European Russi, Spain, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Brazil South, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Czechoslovakia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Ukraine, Uruguay

    Echium plantagineum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 8, 2011 Rico, L. [2240], Syria K000764188
    Sintenis, P. [299], Greece K000958576

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 202 (1771)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Boulos, L. (2000). Flora of Egypt 2: 1-352. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Meikle, Fl. Cyprus: 1155 (1985).
    • Piggin in Journ. Austral. Inst. Agric.Sci. 48: 3–16 (1982) (biology).
    • Edmondson in Fl. Turkey 6: 322, fig. 8 (1978).
    • Gibbs in Lagascalia 1: 57 (1971).
    • Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 5(3), fig. 3139 (1927).
    • Bonnier, Fl. Compl. Fr., Suisse et Belg. 7: t. 420/1979 (1924).
    • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: 202 (1771).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0