1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Ehretia P.Browne
      1. Ehretia cymosa Thonn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Eritrea and Uganda, W. Indian Ocean.

    [FWTA]

    Boraginaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to 20 ft. high, sometimes with weak drooping branches
    Flowers
    Flowers small, white, fragrant, in copious panicled cymes
    Fruits
    Fruits red.
    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree 2–9(–20) m. tall, with spreading crown and often weak drooping branches.
    Stem
    Young stems pubescent or glabrescent, soon glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades elliptic or elliptic- to ovate-oblong, 7.5–20 cm. long, 3.5–12 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, cuneate, rounded or ± subcordate at the base, glabrous above save for the midrib and beneath save for pubescent nervation and hairy domatia, ± subcoriaceous; venation ± impressed above, raised beneath; petiole 1.2–3.5 cm. long, glabrous, puberulous or hairy.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, fragrant, in often copious panicles of corymbose cymes up to 15 cm. long and wide, the axes glabrous to pubescent or long densely spreading hairy, sessile or subsessile or terminal flowers shortly pedicellate; pedicels articulate at the base, 1–2(–3) mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx campanulate, 1.5–2 mm. long, with 4–5 lanceolate lobes 0.7–1.2 mm. long, acute, glabrous or puberulous, ciliate.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, yellowish or pinkish white, campanulate, 4–8 mm. long; tube 1.5–3 mm. long; lobes 4–5, oblong, 1.5–4 mm. long, 1.5–1.8 mm. wide, obtuse or subacute, reflexed, glabrous or sparsely to densely ciliate at the apex.
    Stamens
    Stamens exserted; filaments 2.4–3.5 mm. long; anthers brownish or blackish.
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, 1 mm. long, glabrous; heterostyly frequent; style white or pale purple, exserted 2–4 mm. in long-styled flowers, 0.7–0.8 mm. long and included in short-styled flowers; stigmatic branches 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits orange, red or black, ovoid to subglobose, 2–6 mm. in diameter, apiculate, breaking up at maturity into 4 mericarps; pyrenes subovoid, 3.3 mm. long, 2.8 mm. wide; one inner face with an excavation towards the apex, the other not excavated but with an indentation bordering the straight margin; outer face convex with 4–5 ribs strongest towards the base and smooth towards the right-hand margin.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Réunion

    Ehretia cymosa Thonn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5122], Ghana 17688.000
    Maitland, T.D. [694], Cameroon K000029801

    First published in H.C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 129 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. C. Iv., ed. 2, 3: 217, t. 332, 6-9.
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9, 1: 4 (1954)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 195
    • Chev. Bot. 449
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 25
    • Beskr. Guin. Pl. 129 (1827)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Riedl in Linzer Biol. Beitr. 17: 303–315 (1985).
    • Taton, Flore du Congo Belge, du Ruanda et du Burundi, Borag.: 22 (1971).
    • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 318 (1963).
    • Aubrév., Fl. For. Côte d’Ivoire, ed. 2, 3: 217, t. 332/69 (1959).
    • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 9(1): 5 (1954).
    • Bak. & Wright in Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 25 (1905).
    • Thonn. in Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 129 (1827).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0