1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Caesalpinia Plum. ex L.
      1. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Central America.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Cultivated
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    Vernacular
    Aigrette, Barbados Pride, Bird-of-Paradise Flower, Carzazo, Clavellina, Fisihetau, Flamboyant Nain, Francillade, Guacamaya, Macata, Paradise Flower, Peacock Flower, Peacock Tree, Petit Flamboyant, Poinciana, Poincillade, Pride Of Barbados, Tabachin, Tabac
    [ILDIS]
    Use
    Chemical products, Environmental, Food and Drink, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Cook Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, India, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Somalia, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre

    Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2008 Farfán, J. [1184], Peru K000724151
    Dec 13, 2007 González, F. [610], Costa Rica K000661379
    Dec 13, 2007 González, F. [610], Costa Rica K000661378
    Nov 1, 2005 Amith, J. [459], Mexico K000661492
    Jan 1, 2005 Delgado Salinas, A. [ADS2427], Mexico K000661457
    Jan 1, 2005 Delgado Salinas, A. [ADS2427], Mexico K000661458
    Jan 1, 2002 Balderrama, J. [141], Bolivia K000724149
    May 1, 2001 Elorsa C., M. [3796], Mexico K000661459
    Jan 1, 1999 Croat, T.B. [64706], Guatemala K000661454
    Jan 1, 1999 Croat, T.B. [64706], Guatemala K000661455
    Jan 1, 1999 Soihet, G. [39], Honduras K000661488
    Jan 1, 1999 Martínez, O. [140], Honduras K000661489
    Sep 1, 1998 Grupo Ecológico Cantón La Bermuda [s.n.], El Salvador K000661452
    Mar 1, 1998 Guillén, R. [3700], Bolivia K000724147
    Mar 1, 1998 Guillén, R. [3700], Bolivia K000724148
    Jan 1, 1995 Guareco, I. [570], Bolivia K000724144
    Jan 1, 1995 Guareco, I. [166], Bolivia K000724146
    Aug 6, 1993 Barreto, K.D. [00990], São Paulo K000680799
    May 3, 1993 Pérez, B. [1028], Paraguay K000680819
    Mar 1, 1993 Sandoval, E. [1035], El Salvador K000661480
    Jan 1, 1993 Balam, F. [514], Mexico K000661505
    Jan 1, 1993 Ucan, E. [3315], Mexico K000661508
    Apr 4, 1990 Ivanauskas, N.M. [8], São Paulo K000680797
    Apr 4, 1990 Ivanauskas, N.M. [8], São Paulo K000680798
    Feb 12, 1990 Caldari, P. Jr. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680800
    Jan 1, 1990 Cerón, C. [11678], Ecuador K000724156
    Sep 28, 1989 Miller, J.S. [291], Mexico K000661506
    Jul 28, 1989 Hamilton, C. [4160], Panama K000661644
    Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [6596], Mexico K000661523
    Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [4437], Mexico K000661530
    Jan 1, 1987 Tenorio L., P. [4437], Mexico K000661541
    Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [10470], Mexico K000661527
    Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [647], Mexico K000661525
    Jan 1, 1987 Martínez S., E.M. [19929], Mexico K000661528
    Jan 1, 1986 Torres C., R. [5871], Mexico K000661526
    Jan 1, 1986 Estrada Castillón, A.E. [524], Mexico K000661524
    Jan 1, 1984 Filho, P.C.A. [19], Brazil K000680814
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [785], Bahia K000055251
    Mar 1, 1983 Lewis, G.P. [785], Bahia K000055252
    Jan 1, 1983 de Oliveira, G.F. [10], Brazil K000264121
    Feb 13, 1982 Charlier [s.n.], São Paulo K000680804
    Dec 11, 1978 Philcox, D. [4449], Goiás K000680813
    Jan 1, 1958 Robert, A. [712], Mato Grosso K000680812
    May 1, 1940 Worth, C.H. [8818], Mexico K000661545
    Hinton, G.B. [6955], Mexico K000119569
    Hinton, G.B. [6666], Mexico K000119570
    Hinton, G.B. [5875], Mexico K000119571
    Hinton, G.B. [5104], Mexico K000119572
    Hinton, G.B. [4594], Mexico K000119573
    Hinton, G.B. [945], Mexico K000119574
    Hinton, G.B. [733], Mexico K000119575
    Hinton, G.B. [10049], Mexico K000119576
    Hanbury-Tracy, J. [279], Colombia K000724163
    Hanbury-Tracy, J. [279], Colombia K000724164
    Lewis, G.P. [2069], United Kingdom K000661516
    Lewis, G.P. [1715], Guatemala K000661468
    Lewis, G.P. [1715], Guatemala K000661469
    Lewis, G.P. [2069], Mexico K000661529
    Sparrow, M. [VERA 58], Mexico K000661511
    Hawkes, J.G. [1973], Guatemala K000661456
    Burchell [s.n.], Venezuela K000724141
    Lehmann, F.C. [B.T. 1096], Colombia K000724158
    Williams, L. [12923], Venezuela K000724142
    Hassler, E. [12336], Paraguay K000680820
    Hassler, E. [12336], Paraguay K000680821
    Hassler, E. [6227], Paraguay K000680822
    Hassler, E. [1266], Paraguay K000680824
    Owens, S.J., USA 52823.000
    Hughes, C.E. [729], Guatemala K000661462
    Smith, H.H. [265], Colombia K000724162
    s.coll. [s.n.], Senegal K000264528 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [46] K000264757
    MACQUEEN, D.J. [139], Mexico K000661542
    Bang, M. [1386], Bolivia K000724145
    Spruce, R. [361], Amazonas K000680809
    Fendler, A. [332], Venezuela K000724139
    Vogel [s.n.], Sierra Leone K000264529 Unknown type material
    Hartweg, T. [1600], Mexico K000661476
    Hartweg, T. [1600], Mexico K000661479
    Lundell, C.L. [2407], Guatemala K000661453
    Hartman, C.V. [514], Mexico K000661517
    Hartman, C.V. [155], Mexico K000661514
    Hartman, C.V. [191], Mexico K000661494
    Bourgeau, E. [2301], Mexico K000661477
    Bourgeau, E. [2301], Mexico K000661478
    Pringle, C.G. [8396], Mexico K000661472
    Tucker, J.M. [852], El Salvador K000661481
    Schinini, A. [24683], Paraguay K000680823
    Holton, I.F. [s.n.], Colombia K000724165
    Andrieux, G. [413], Mexico K000661486
    Burchell, W.J. [7345-2], Brazil K000680816
    Burchell, W.J. [1236], Brazil K000680817
    Burchell, W.J. [9539-2], Brazil K000680810
    Burchell, W.J. [8994-2], Brazil K000680818
    Skutch, A.F. [4120], Costa Rica K000661465
    Gaumer, G.F. [33], Mexico K000661483
    Gaumer, G.F. [137], Honduras K000661487
    Gaumer, G.F. [1918], Mexico K000661491
    Gentry, H.S. [1486], Mexico K000661461
    Klug, G. [2605], Peru K000724153
    André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724159
    André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724160
    André, E.F. [466], Colombia K000724161
    Hancock, W. [48], Mexico K000661522
    Boiteau [s.n.] K000680796
    Jurgensen [55], Mexico K000661474
    Langlassé, E. [241], Mexico K000661539
    Langlassé, E. [411], Mexico K000661548
    Langlassé, E. [942], Mexico K000661549
    Bertero [s.n.] K000680808
    Tonduz, A. [13569], Costa Rica K000661464
    Magallanes, J.A.S. [1164], Mexico K000661513
    Calzada, J.I. [19306], Mexico K000661512
    Sinclair, A. [s.n.], Ecuador K000724157
    McCarter, P.S. [32], Guatemala K000661467
    Ortega, R. [331], Mexico K000661460
    Miller, O.O. [64], Venezuela K000724143
    Gonzalez Ortega, J. [426], Mexico K000661515
    Sandeman, C. [194], Peru K000724152
    Valdez, P. [97], Mexico K000661485
    Seler, C. [1731], Mexico K000661547
    Cárdenas, L. [4271], Venezuela K000724138
    Lozada, L. [785], Mexico K000661509
    Barclay, G.W. [s.n.] K000661484
    Traill, J.W.H. [169], Brazil K000680811
    Palmer, E. [161], Mexico K000661521
    Palmer, E. [B], Mexico K000661473
    Palmer, E. [204], Mexico K000661546
    Mexia, Y. [8704], Mexico K000661543
    Mexia, Y. [8704], Mexico K000661544
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6512], Rio de Janeiro K000680807
    Williams, R.S. [635], Bolivia K000724150
    Hawkins, J.A. [12], Nicaragua K000661490
    Amith, J. [260], Mexico K000661493
    Linden, J.J. [259], Colombia K000724166
    Linden, J.J. [3], Venezuela K000724140
    Schuckt [s.n.], Brazil K000680815
    K"ampf, E. [171], São Paulo K000680803
    Teixeira, B.C. [293], São Paulo K000680805
    Vitti, A.N. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680801
    Andrade, C.G. [s.n.], São Paulo K000680802
    Nagata, R.K. [ESA no14943], São Paulo K000680806
    Belshaw. C.M. [3211], Peru K000724154
    Martín, R.T. [1121], Peru K000724155
    Spegazinni [?] [48], Paraguay K000680825
    Edmondston, T. [s.n.] K000724167
    Gallardo, C. [140], Mexico K000661510
    Méndez, M. [52], Mexico K000661507
    Sotuyo, S. [11], Mexico K000661471
    Reyna, M.L. [1431], El Salvador K000661466
    Orcutt, C.W. [3425], Mexico K000661518
    Orcutt, C.W. [3426], Mexico K000661519
    Orcutt, C.W. [4193], Mexico K000661520
    Donell-Smith, J. [2829], Guatemala K000661463
    Donell-Smith, J. [1705], Guatemala K000661482
    Bates, H.W. [s.n.], Mexico K000661475
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 5813], Bangladesh Poinciana pulcherrima K001122229
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122223
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122224
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122225
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122226
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813], Vietnam Poinciana pulcherrima K001122227
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 5813] Poinciana pulcherrima K001122228

    First published in Observ. Bot.: 166 (1791)

    Accepted by

    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2009). Nova silva cusatlantica. Árboles nativos e introduciados de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L Englera 29-1: 1-438.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Bhellum, B.L. (2012). Flora exotica of Jammu and Kashmir (List- I) Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 36: 33-45.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Hammel, B.E., Grayum, M.H., Herrera & C. & Zamora, N. (eds.) (2010). Manual de plantas de Costa Rica volumen V. Dicotiledóneas (Clusiaceae-Gunneraceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 119: 1-970. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (2007). Flora of the Sultanate of Oman. volume 2. Crassulaceae - Apiaceae Scripta Botanica Belgica 36: 1-220.
    • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M.J., Nee, M.H. & Atha, D.E. (2000). Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Gonzalez, F., Nelson Diaz, J. & Lowry, P. (1995). Flora Illustrada de San Andrés y Providencia: 1-281. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Colombia.
    • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1975). Vascular plants of Aitutaki Atoll Research Bulletin 190: 73-84.
    • Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (1946). Flora of Guatemala Fieldiana Botany New Series 24(5): 1-502. Field Museum of Natural History.
    • S.Calderon & P.C.Standley (1944). Lista Preliminar de las plantas de El Salvador, ed. 2: 1-450. Ediciones culturales de la universidad de El Salvador.
    International Legume Database and Information Service
    • Du Puy, D. J. et al. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar. RBG Kew.
    • Isely, D. (1998). Native & naturalized Leg. of the USA. Brigham Young Univ. Utah
    • Welsh, S. L. (1998). Flora Societensis
    • DuPuy, D. J. & Telford, I. R. H. (1993). Flora of Austalia 50 Oceanic Islands 2:188-236
    • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
    • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
    • Robertson, S. A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles. Kew
    • Grierson, A. J. C. & Long, D. G. (1987). Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 1. (Part 3). Edinburgh: RBG
    • McVaugh, R. (1987). Flora Novo-Galiciana 5:1-786. Leguminosae
    • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
    • Liogier, A. H. (1985). La Flore de la Espanola. III
    • Larsen, K. et al. (1984). Flora of Thailand, Vol 4 Part 1. In: T. Smithinand & K. Larsen
    • Proctor, G. R. (1984). Fl. Cayman Islands Kew Bull. Addit. Ser. XI
    • Robertson, S. A. & Todd, D. M. (1983). Atoll Res. Bull. 273(3) :39-64 Vegetation of Frigate Island
    • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
    • Sykes, W. (1979). Flora of Niue
    • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
    • Terrell, E. E. (1977). Checklist of Names for 3, 000 Vas. Pl... Agric. Handbook No. 505
    • Walker, E. H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and S. Ryukyu islands. Washing. Smithson. Inst
    • Hattink, T. A (1974). Reinwardtia 9:1-69. A rev. of Malesian Caesalpinia...
    • Townsend, C. C. & Guest, E. (1974). Flora of Iraq. Vol. 3. Baghdad.
    • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
    • Adams, C. D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica Univ. West Indies, Mona, Jamaica
    • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
    • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
    • Watt, J. M. & Breyer-Brandwijk, M (1962). Medicinal & Poisonous Plants of Southern & Eastern Africa
    • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
    • Willis, J. C. & Gardiner, J. S. (1901). Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Peradeniya) 1:45-164 Botany of Maldive Is.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/