1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Vernonia Schreb.
      1. Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less.

        This species is accepted, and is native to Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast and Oman..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb 15-150 cm tall; stems erect, simple or branched, longitudinally ribbed, pubescent to scabridulous with short T-shaped hairs and longer flagelliform hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green, ovate, lanceolate to spatulate with an elliptic, obovate or ovate blade, 1-12 cm long, 0.3-5 cm wide, base cuneate or attenuate to rounded or subtruncate and decurrent on to a narrow petioloid base, margins sinuate-serrate or less often subentire, apex obtuse to attenuate, ± thinly scattered-pubescent or scabridulous above, finely rather sparsely pubescent and glandular with sunken glands beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula numerous in lax terminal compound corymbiform cymes 2-20 cm in diameter; involucre cylindrical or ovoid-cylindrical, 3-6 mm long, 2.2-2.5(-3.5) mm in diameter at flowering time; phyllaries 3-4-seriate, appressed but becoming reflexed at fruiting, green, often with purplish tips, lanceolate, 1.5-5 mm long, acute or attenuate, finely ascending-pubescent and slightly glandular.
    Flowers
    Corolla mauve, purple or lilac, 3.3-7.5 mm long, lobes 1-3 mm long, finely pubescent below apex with slender ascending hairs, also with capitate glands.
    Fruits
    Achenes terete or subterete or obscurely 5-ribbed, 1-2.8 mm long, ascending-pubescent; outer pappus of narrow lanceolate scales, 0.2-0.6 mm long, inner pappus white, 3.5-5 mm long.
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect branched herb 1-3 ft. or rarely more high with shortly pubescent striate stems
    Florets
    Mauve or reddish-purple florets in numerous heads about 1/4 in. broad
    Ecology
    A common weed of farms, roadsides and waste places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Oman

    Introduced into:

    Dominican Republic, Haiti

    Vernonia cinerea (L.) Less. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [3062] K000814636 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [7137], Sri Lanka K000373880 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wallich [3008/118H], Burma K000373881 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1385], India K000373879 syntype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1384], India K000373882 isotype
    Sep 1, 2017 Wight [1386], India K000373883 isosyntype
    Oct 1, 1993 Guedes, M.L. [15], Bahia K000068843
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia K000068844
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia K000068845
    Dec 1, 1991 Hind, D.J.N. [4], Bahia K000068846
    Aug 13, 1981 Lowe, J. [4132], Brazil K001066100
    Apr 30, 1981 Lowe, J. [3976], Brazil K001066101
    Jan 1, 1968 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [6899], Cameroon K000051513
    Jan 1, 1959 Morton, J.K. [689], Cameroon K000051514
    Gossweiler, J. [340], Angola K001307281
    Gillespie, J.B. [394], Kenya 25629.000
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Pakistan K000814660
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], India K000814664
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.], Cape Verde K001035624
    Hooker, J.D. [200], Cape Verde K001035623
    Thomson, T. [1132], Uttaranchal K000814628
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] K000814631
    Thomson, T. [s.n.] K000814632
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K000814662
    Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K000814663
    King, R.M. [10204], Brazil K001066103
    Wallich [3048], Uttar Pradesh K000814633
    Wallich [s.n.], Uttar Pradesh K000814634
    Wallich [3063], India K000814658
    Wallich [3063], India K000814659
    Wallich [3049], Karnataka K000814661
    Edgeworth, M.P. [s.n.] K000814635
    Basedow, H. [171], Australia K000357202
    Rakoto, R. [240], Madagascar K000662032
    Sitoni, D. [1129], Tanzania K000662280
    Wight [138D], India K000373876 syntype
    Roxburgh, R. [s.n.], India K000814637
    Lombardi, J.A. [2895], Brazil K001066102
    Silva, F. de. [3003], Bangladesh K000814630
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K000814629
    Davey, J.T. [180], Mali K000391766
    Davey, J.T. [256], Mali K000391767
    Baron, R. [1553], Madagascar Vernonia cinerea subsp. vialis K000273181 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [4733], Madagascar Vernonia betonicifolia K000273185 Unknown type material
    Baron, R. [4779], Madagascar Vernonia betonicifolia K000273186 Unknown type material
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Jawa Vernonia cinerea var. parviflora K000814805
    Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Jawa Vernonia cinerea var. parviflora K000814806
    s.coll. [s.n.], Jawa Vernonia cinerea var. parviflora K000814804
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118409
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118410
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118411
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118412
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118413
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118414
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3008], Myanmar Conyza cinerea K001118415
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118402
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118403
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118404
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118405
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118406
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118407
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008] Conyza cinerea K001118408
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118416
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118417
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118418
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3008], India Conyza cinerea K001118419

    First published in Linnaea 4: 291 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut Fl. Sén. 176, 204.
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 1, 2: 168 (excl. syn. V. undulata)
    • Chev. Bot. 353
    • F.T.A. 3: 275
    • in Linnaea 4: 291 (1829)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Liogier, A.H. (1996). Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kalanda & Lisowski in Fragm. Flor. Geobot. 40 (2): 644 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 201 (1994).
    • A.J. Scott in Fl. Masc. 109: 24 (1993).
    • G.V. Pope in Flora Zambesiaca 6: 143 (1992).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 43: 224 (1988).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 558 (1985).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 283 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 57 (1956).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 275 (1877).
    • DC., Prodr. 5: 24 (1836).
    • Less. in Linnaea 4: 291 (1829).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0