1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Heliotropium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Heliotropium ciliatum Kaplan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Boraginaceae, E. S. Martins (Trichodesma by R. K. Brummit). Flora Zambesiaca 7:4. 1990

    Habit
    Erect rhizomatous perennial herb up to 80 cm. high.
    Stem
    Stem usually branched from the base, somewhat swollen below the branches insertions, angular as for the branches with short appressed hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually sparse; petiole 2–20(25) mm. long, with hair-covering like the branches; lamina 20–50 x 5–20 mm., lanceolate or ovate, with hard short appressed hairs above and on the nerves below, covered with the swollen bases of minute hairs below, rarely roughish on both surfaces, acute to obtuse and sometimes mucronate at apex, acute to obtuse, decurrent on the petiole and often asymmetrical at base, margins usually repand and undulate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes lax, up to 19 cm. long when completely expanded, usually 2, rarely single, terminal; common peduncle 1–4 cm. long.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile or subsessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx minute, callose-strigose or subglabrous outside, subglabrous or glabrous inside; lobes 0.5–1.0(2.0) mm. long, ovate to ovate-triangular, acute, callose-ciliate mainly at the base, thick.
    Corolla
    Corolla hypocrateriform, white, sparsely strigose outside on the upper part, otherwise glabrous outside and inside; tube 3.5–5.0 mm. long, slightly widened in the upper half; limb 3–5(6) mm. in diam.; lobes 1.2–2.2(2.5) mm. long, triangular-acuminate, usually with undulate and ± crenate margins, bent inwards in bud, spreading.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted about the middle of the corolla tube; anthers 1.2–1.5 mm. long, narrowly oblong, emarginate at apex, obtuse to subcordate at base, subsessile.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Pistil
    Style 1.0–1.5(2.0) mm. long, filiform, glabrous; stigmatic ring not very well marked; sterile appendix 1.0–1.4 mm. long, narrowly conical, deeply 2-lobed, hirtellous.
    Fruits
    Fruits c. 4 x 5 x 4 mm., saddle-shaped at apex, tuberculate-crested, glabrous; nutlets connate in pairs, each pair 2-horned, 2-seeded, with the inner surface flat.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Heliotropium ciliatum Kaplan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 19, 2008 Crawford, F. [126], Namibia K000450291

    First published in Ann. Transvaal Mus. 12: 187 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Launert, E. & Pope, G.V. (eds.) (1990). Flora Zambesiaca 7(4): 1-114. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/