1. Family: Boraginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Heliotropium Tourn. ex L.
      1. Heliotropium longiflorum (A.DC.) Jaub. & Spach

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Tropical Africa to N. Uganda, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herb or subshrub 5–60 cm. tall from a thin to thick tap-root or clump-forming subshrub to 60 cm. wide from a very woody base; stems little-much- branched, densely covered with absolutely adpressed white hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves aromatic, with goat-like smell when dry; blades linear-lanceolate, linear-oblong or elliptic-oblong or distinctly ovate to broadly elliptic, 1–8 cm. long, 0.1–3.5 cm. wide, subobtuse to acute at the apex, ± rounded to cuneate at the base, adpressed white setulose pubescent on both surfaces but mainly on nerves beneath and densely dotted with non-hair-bearing cystoliths, the margins often distinctly undulate; nerves impressed above; petiole ± 0–2 cm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes distinctly scorpioid, mostly short at first, 1.5–2.5 cm. long, lengthening to 10–15 cm. in fruit; peduncle ± 3–4 cm. long; flowers sessile.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes linear to lanceolate or oblong, 1–1.5 mm. long, 0.2 mm. wide.
    Corolla
    Corolla pure white or cream or sometimes with yellowish centre; tube cylindrical but usually distinctly swollen in middle and fusiform in dry state, 3.5–6 mm. long, usually densely adpressed pubescent, but sometimes ± glabrous; limb 4–7 mm. wide, the lobes short and blunt to long and narrowly triangular, 0.5–3 mm. long, 1–2.5 mm. wide.
    Style
    Style and stigma together 1.5–3 mm. long, almost equal in length or style longer; stigmatic club narrowly conical, widened at the base, shortly 2–4-fid at the apex.
    Fruits
    Fruit 2–3 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, divided into 2–4 nutlets; nutlets segment-shaped, the margins variable, sometimes slightly to very distinctly winged, the wings often crenate, or merely rugose or nodulose or even serrate, outer curved face between the wings rugose to reticulate-echinate, the flat face with winged nodular or rugose ridge just below the marginal wing and area beyond smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen

    Heliotropium longiflorum (A.DC.) Jaub. & Spach appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1950 Schimper, W. [842], Saudi Arabia K000658976 isotype
    Schimper, W. [842], Saudi Arabia K000658977 isotype

    First published in Ill. Pl. Orient. 4: 96 (1852)

    Accepted by

    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1991). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Boraginaceae: 1-124.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 774 (1962).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 87(1956).
    • Schwartz in Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamb. 10: 209 (1939).
    • Blatter in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 8: 310 (1921).
    • Bak. & Wright, Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 41 (1905).
    • Bunge in Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 42: 304 (1869).
    • Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Or. 4: 96, t. 360 (1852).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0