1. Family: Connaraceae R.Br.
    1. Rourea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Pacific, Southern America, Northern America, Queensland and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Erect or scandent shrubs, small trees or lianes, usually with prominent lenticels
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets small and numerous or larger and less numerous, opposite or sub-opposite; lateral nerves fine, running ± straight towards margin
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences axillary, racemose, few-flowered
    Flowers
    Flowers precocious, pentamerous, androecium and gynoecium dimorphic
    Calyx
    Sepals strongly imbricate, clasping base of corolla, glabrescent or puberulous, margins ciliate
    Corolla
    Petals longer than sepals, glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, filaments connate into a short basal tube, glabrescent
    Pistil
    Ovary hairy; style terete; stigma capitate or subcapitate, ovules inserted basally
    Fruits
    Dehiscence by ventral suture, seed extruded and held by pericarp Fruit a ± ovoid follicle, sometimes curved, apex mucronate; calyx persistent, closely clasping the fruit base
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid, totally or partially enclosed by brightly coloured aril; testa and aril fused to form a compound fleshy pseudo-aril; cotyledons fleshy, radicle apical or laterally displaced, endosperm absent.
    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Shrubs, small trees or woody lianes, rarely rhizomatous shrublets; branches usually with conspicuous lenticels.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, leaflets opposite or subopposite.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorences axillary, racemose, few-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers precocious, 5-merous; androecium and gynoecium dimorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals strongly imbricate, clasping the base of the corolla, puberulous or glabrescent, margins ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals longer than the sepals.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10, filaments connate into a short basal tube, glabrescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary hairy; styles terete; stigma capitate or subcapitate; ovules 2, inserted basally.
    Fruits
    Fruit a ± ovoid follicle, ± curved, with calyx persistent; dehiscence by the ventral suture, with seed usually extruded and held by the peri- carp.
    Seeds
    Seed ± ovoid, totally or partially enclosed by a bright-coloured aril fused with the testa; cotyledons fleshy; endosperm absent.
    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments glabrous, shortly connate at the base.
    Carpels
    Carpels pilose; stigma capitate; ovules inserted basally.
    Fruits
    Fruit a follicle, rounded at the apex, glabrous, with calyx persisting and clasping the base; dehiscing by the ventral suture.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid; testa and aril fused to form a fleshy pseudaril enclosing the seed; cotyledons fleshy; radicle ventral; endosperm absent.
    Habit
    Shrubs, sometimes scandent, small trees or lianes.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate; leaflets opposite or subopposite.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence paniculate, axillary or terminal.
    Flowers
    Flowers not precocious, 5-merous; androecium and gynoecium dimorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals imbricate, puberulous externally.
    Corolla
    Petals longer than the sepals, glabrous.
    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Shrubs, sometimes scandent, small trees or lianes
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, opposite or sub-opposite
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or axillary, paniculate
    Flowers
    Flowers pentamerous, androecium and gynoecium heteromorphic
    Calyx
    Sepals imbricate, puberulous externally
    Corolla
    Petals longer than sepals, glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments connate into a short tube at base, glabrous
    Carpels
    Carpels pilose, style glabrous or pilose; stigma capitate; ovules inserted basally
    Fruits
    Dehiscence by ventral suture Fruit a curved, ovoid or subcylindrical follicle, apex rounded, calyx persisting and clasping base, glabrous
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid; testa fused with aril to form a compound fleshy pseudo-aril ± enclosing the seed; cotyledons fleshy; radicle displaced laterally in a ventral position; endosperm nil.
    [FZ]

    Connaraceae, E. J. Mendes. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Scandent shrubs or woody lianes.
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, rarely simple.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary or subterminal panicle.
    Flowers
    Flowers 5-merous; androecium and gynoecium heteromorphic.
    Calyx
    Sepals strongly imbricate, margin usually ciliate.
    Corolla
    Petals longer than the sepals, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments glabrous, connate at the base.
    Carpels
    Carpels glabrous or slightly hairy, only one maturing; stigma subcapitate; ovules basally inserted.
    Fruits
    Fruit a slightly arcuate follicle, with calyx persistent and clasping the base; dehiscence by the ventral suture or by a series of irregular basal splits; pericarp thin, longitudinally striate.
    Seeds
    Seed totally or partially enclosed by, but separate from, a thick fleshy aril; cotyledons plano-convex, fleshy, radicle apical; endosperm absent.
    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Shrubs, scandent or otherwise or lianes
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, rarely simple, leaflets entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an axillary or subterminal panicle
    Flowers
    Flowers pentamerous, androecium and gynoecium heteromorphic
    Calyx
    Sepals strongly imbricate, cartilaginous, margin usually ciliate
    Corolla
    Petals longer than sepals, glabrous
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; filaments glabrous, connate into short tube at base
    Carpels
    Carpels glabrous or slightly hairy, only one matures; stigma subcapitate; ovules basally inserted
    Fruits
    Fruit an oblong to ovoid follicle, slightly arcuate, calyx persistent and clasping base; dehiscence by ventral suture or by series of irregular basal splits; pericarp thin, tough, longitudinally striate with anastomosing fibres
    Seeds
    Seed totally or partially enclosed by, but separate from, a thick fleshy aril; cotyledons plano-convex, fleshy, radicle apical, endosperm absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Rourea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane: 467 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0