1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eragrostis Wolf
      1. Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P.Beauv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted annual; culms 8–70 cm. high, erect or ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades flat, 2–20 cm. long, 1–4 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle elliptic to ovate, 4–25 cm. long, open, the lowest branches whorled (except in the smallest panicles) and nearly always with a few long white hairs in the axil.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 4–14-flowered, linear, 3–7 mm. long, 0.7–1.2 mm. wide, purplish green, the florets ± appressed to the rhachilla, breaking up from the base, the rhachilla persistent; glumes hyaline, unequal, the lower a narrowly ovate nerveless scale 0.5–0.7 mm. long, the upper ovate, 1 mm. long, with a single, often indistinct, nerve; lemmas broadly ovate, 1–1.6 mm. long, obtuse to subacute; palea falling soon after the lemma (usually persistent in temperate regions), the keels scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.2–0.3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ellipsoid with one side straight, 0.6–1 mm. long, somewhat laterally compressed.
    Figures
    Fig. 61/1, p. 193.
    Habitat
    Roadsides, old farmland and weedy places; 300–2000 m.
    Distribution
    tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old Worldintroduced to the New World K2 K3 K4 K5 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A slender ascending annual 30–60 cm. high, with flexuous panicle branches
    Ecology
    Path sides and fallow land.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Loosely caespitose annual, culms up to 70 cm tall, erect or ascending, branched or unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, glandular or eglandular; leaf sheaths glabrous; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 2–20 cm × 1–4 mm, linear, flat, glabrous, eglandular.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 4–25 cm long, elliptic or ovate, open, the spikelets evenly distributed on pedicels 2–6 mm long, the lowermost primary branches in a whorl (except in smaller specimens), the remainder not so, terminating in a fertile spikelet, thinly long-pilose in the axils (especially, and sometimes only, in the whorled branches), eglandular or sometimes with scattered crateriform glands.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–7 × 0.7–1.2 mm, linear, lightly laterally compressed, 4–14-flowered, the florets disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent; glumes very unequal, the inferior 0.5–0.7 mm long, reaching to c. 1/5 the way along the adjacent lemma, keeled, lanceolate in profile, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; the superior 0.7–1 mm long, reaching to c. 1/4 the way along the adjacent lemma, keeled, narrowly ovate in profile, glabrous, subacute at the apex; lemmas 1–1.6(1.8) mm long, keeled, narrowly ovate in profile, thinly membranous with distinct lateral nerves, appressed to the rhachilla but those in opposite rows scarcely imbricate and the rhachilla ± visible between them, purplish-green, glabrous, subacute to obtuse at the apex; palea deciduous soon after the lemma, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.2–0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis 0.6–1 mm long, elliptic but with one side straight, somewhat laterally compressed.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 8-70 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 2-20 cm long; 1-4 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic, or ovate; 4-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes. Panicle branches eglandular; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels eglandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 3-7 mm long; 0.7-1.2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; shedding paleas, or retaining paleas (in temperate regions).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 3-7 mm long; 0.7-1.2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; shedding paleas, or retaining paleas (in temperate regions).
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.7 mm long; 0.5-0.7 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.6-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets appressed to rhachilla. Fertile lemma ovate; 1-1.6 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 0.2-0.3 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; laterally compressed; plano-convex; 0.6-1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Buryatiya, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Congo, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Réunion, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tibet, Togo, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Bahamas, Belgium, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Caroline Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Christmas I., Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Great Britain, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Kansas, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maine, Marianas, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Common Names

    English
    Indian love grass, Slender meadow grass

    Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P.Beauv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2014 Philcox, D. [3917], Brazil K001059103
    Jan 1, 2014 Eiten, G. [1593], Brazil K001059121
    Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [496], Brazil K001059108
    Apr 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1161], Brazil K001059126
    Aug 1, 1981 White, C.T. [s.n.], Queensland K000643487 isotype
    Aug 1, 1981 Klein, R.M. [11837], Brazil K001059124
    Sep 1, 1973 Klein, R.M. [10796], Brazil K001059113
    Mar 14, 1934 s.coll. [51], India K000245106 Unknown type material
    Mar 14, 1934 s.coll. [1784 b], India K000643344
    Jan 20, 1892 Griffith [222], Afghanistan K000643402
    Kerr, A.F.G. [14349], Thailand K000621471
    Clayton, W.D. [4153], Brazil K001059117
    Clayton, W.D. [4075], Brazil K001059118
    Clayton, W.D. [4420], Brazil K001059106
    Clayton, W.D. [4093], Brazil K001059116
    Hatschbach, G. [19174], Brazil K001059102
    Rico, L. [1570], Bolivia K000295182
    Lindeman, J.C. [6964], Brazil K001059123
    Chevalier [9468], Central African Republic K000366481 Unknown type material
    Chevalier [8849], Central African Republic K000366482 Unknown type material
    Smitinand, T. [5810], Thailand K000682500
    Smitinand, T. [6867], Thailand K000682501
    Spruce, R. [6428], Ecuador K000201617
    Lanna [857], Brazil K001059105
    Gardner, G. [1877], Brazil K001059112
    Kotschy [185], Ethiopia K000366419 isotype
    Kotschy [185], Ethiopia K000366420 Unknown type material
    Koenig [s.n.], India K000245105 isotype
    Milne [s.n.], Brazil K001059111
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001059119
    Ferreira, S. [56], Brazil K001059104
    Pursh, F.T. [s.n.], USA K000907523
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6959], Brazil K001059107
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6935], Brazil K001059109
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [3142], Brazil K001059110
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6959], Brazil K001059213
    Skvortzov, B. [68], Brazil K001059115
    Hatschbach, G.G. [21739], Brazil K001059120
    Hatschbach, G.G. [21739], Brazil K001059114
    Loureiro, R.L. [153], Brazil K001059125
    Botelho, A. [521], Brazil K001059122

    First published in Ess. Agrostogr.: 71 (1812)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hohla, M. (2014). Hystrix patula - neu für Österrei, sowie weitere Beiträge zur Flora von Obenösterreich, Salzburg, Steiermark und Vorarlberg Stapfia 101: 83-100.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2012). Taxonomic circumscription and distribution of a glandular Eurasian entry from the Eragrostis pilosa complex Phytotaxa 52: 8-20.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D., Peterson, P.M. & Sánchez Vega, I. (2012). The genus Eragrostis (Poaceae : Chloridoideae) in northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) : morphological and taxonomic studies: 1-195. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Escobar, I. & al. (2011). Revisión taxonómica del género Eragrostis Wolf en Chile, basada en análisis estadísticos multivariados Gayana. Botánica 68: 49-85.
    • Hohla, M. (2011). Zwei Funde der Kleine Seerose (Nymphaea candida) sowie weitere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Flora von Oberösterreich Stapfia 95: 141-161.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 408
    • De Miré & Gillet in J. Agric. Trop. 3: 733.
    • Ess. Agrost. 162, 175 (1812)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Escobar, I. & al. (2011). Revisión taxonómica del género Eragrostis Wolf en Chile, basada en análisis estadísticos multivariados Gayana. Botánica 68: 49-85.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
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    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/