1. Family: Menyanthaceae Dumort.
    1. Genus: Nymphoides Ség.
      1. Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to SW. Pacific.

    [FWTA]

    Menyanthaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Aquatic plant
    Leaves
    Rounded leaves floating on the surface
    Flowers
    Emergent clusters of white or yellow flowers.
    [FTEA]

    Menyanthaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Plants perennial, often spotted red-violet.
    Stolons
    Stolons numerous.
    Leaves
    Leaves circular, up to 30 cm. across, reddish beneath; petiole 1.5-6 cm. or even more.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence usually 20-30-flowered; pedicels 4-10 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 5-10 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Corolla ± 2.5-3 cm. across, white with a yellow centre; tube ± 7-9 mm. long; corolla lobes covered entirely with hairs inside; heterostylous.
    Stamens
    Stamens inserted 2/ 3 or 3/ 4 of the way up the corolla-tube; anthers in short-styled flowers ± 2.5-3 mm. long, filaments long-exserted, 2-3 mm. long; anthers in long-styled flowers similar but only up to 2 mm. long, filaments not exserted, 1-2 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Gynoecium 5-8 or 10-14 mm.; ovary ovoid in both types of flowers, 3-4 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, up to 6 mm. diameter, shorter than the calyx.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, sometimes more than 50, smooth to ± tuberculate.
    Distribution
    T2 T5 (of the SPECIES) Pantropical

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Fiji, India, Korea, Lesser Sunda Is., New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Taiwan, Vanuatu

    Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2012 I Made Maduarta [IMM 165], Lesser Sunda Is. K000734255
    Sri Lanka 36250.018
    Tanzania K000418518
    Schweinfurth, G. [2270], Sudan K000418523 Unknown type material
    Bogner [1144], Brazil K001138304
    Kirk [2], Tanzania K000418519
    Kirk [2], Tanzania K000418520
    Lindeman, J.C. [2613], Brazil K001138305
    Cutler [109-524], Argentina 54498.000
    Schimper [1358], Ethiopia K000418524 Unknown type material
    Pirani, J.R. [1873], Brazil K001138301
    Eiten, G. [4633], Brazil K001138303
    Farney, C. [379], Brazil K001138300
    Hildebrandt, J.M. [1995], Tanzania K000418521
    Whyte, A. [40], Kenya K000418522 Unknown type material
    Leprieur [s.n.], Senegal K000418526
    Roger [s.n.], Senegal K000418525
    Esquirol, J. [2532], China K000832798
    Glaziou, A. [21762], Brazil K001138299
    Holland, H. [56], Queensland K000832778
    Silva, D.M. [46], Brazil K001138302
    s.coll. [4352], India Limnanthemum indicum K000894393
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 4352], Myanmar Villarsia indica K001038792
    Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038793
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038787
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352] Villarsia indica K001038788
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038789
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038790
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 4352], India Villarsia indica K001038791

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
    • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Autrey, J.C., Bosser, J. & Ferguson, I.K. (eds.) (2005). Flore des Mascareignes 121-126: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Correa A., Mireya D. Galdames, Carmen Correa A., M. D., C. Galdames & M. S. de Stapf (2004). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá: 1-599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha (2000). Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 85: 1-246.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Menyanthaceae: 1-5.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Rev. Gen. 2: 429 (1891).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Singh, M. & Ali, S.J. (2008). A study on aquatic Angiosperms of district Mau (East U.P.) Journal of East African Natural History 32: 877-890.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A. Raynal in Adansonia, sér. 2, 14: 416, t. 18 (1974).
    • Marais & I. Verd. in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 243 (1963), pro parte.
    • P. Taylor in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 302 (1963), pro parte.
    • Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 429 (1891).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0