1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Setaria P.Beauv.
      1. Setaria vulpiseta (Lam.) Roem. & Schult.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central & S. U.S.A. to Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 100-200 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled; smooth, or antrorsely scabrous; outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 2 mm long. Collar pilose. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades flat, or plicate, or conduplicate; 25-50 cm long; 20-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or antrorsely scabrous above. Panicle spiciform; linear; dense, or loose; tapering above and tapering below; 15-30 cm long; 4-5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending; 2-3 cm long; sterile at the tips. Panicle axis angular; scabrous; pilose. Panicle branches stiff. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; 20-30 mm long. Involucral bristles persistent; 1-2 per spikelet; flexible; antrorsely scaberulous; glabrous. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.33-0.5 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1 length of lemma. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; gibbous; 2.5 mm long; indurate; yellow; without keel. Lemma surface rugose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Rominger 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Colorado, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Introduced into:

    Puerto Rico

    Recorded in error in:

    New Mexico

    Setaria vulpiseta (Lam.) Roem. & Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2001 Groppo, M. Jr. [379], Brazil K001075781
    Jan 1, 1978 Lleras, E. [P16591], Brazil K001075783
    Jan 1, 1975 Irwin, H.S. [12031], Brazil K001075798
    Jan 1, 1971 Hatschbach, G.G. [23887], Brazil K001075780
    Jan 1, 1944 Archer, W.A. [8192], Brazil K001075785
    Philcox, D. [4065], Brazil K001075793
    Philcox, D. [4667], Brazil K001075775
    Philcox, D. [4667], Brazil K001075776
    Trail, J.W.H. [1263], Brazil K001075761
    Clayton, W.D. [4580], Brazil K001075789
    Clayton, W.D. [4587], Brazil K001075797
    Clayton, W.D. [4537], Brazil K001075777
    Hatschbach, G. [46146], Brazil K001075779
    Richard, A. [s.n.], Brazil K001075786
    Pereira, E. [5377], Brazil K001075791
    Hassler, E. [8407], Paraguay K000643154 isosyntype
    Hassler, E. [8410a], Paraguay K000643155 isosyntype
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000643157
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000643158
    Davidse, G. [11200], Brazil K001075782
    Davidse, G. [11267], Brazil K001075784
    Castellanos, A. [23835], Brazil K001075794
    Castellanos, A. [24783], Brazil K001075795
    Castellanos, A. [23863], Brazil K001075796
    Gardner, G. [3518], Brazil K001075762
    Gardner, G. [3518], Brazil K001075934
    Wilkes [s.n.], Brazil K001075933
    Burchell, W.J. [1629], Brazil K001075765
    Dusén, P. [17682], Brazil K001075790
    Fiebrig, K. [4569 - 5255], Paraguay K000643153 isotype
    Black, G.A. [52-14589], Brazil K001075773
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000643159
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000643160
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001075768
    Balansa, B. [174], Paraguay K000643156 isosyntype
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [499], Brazil K001075792
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [14388], Brazil K001075767
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1142], Brazil K001075769
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1142], Brazil K001075770
    Pohl, J.B.E. [1141], Brazil K001075771
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [4068], Brazil K001075787
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [4086], Brazil K001075788
    Hatschbach, G.G. [58903], Brazil K001075778
    Vauthier, A.-C. [358], Brazil K001075772
    Burchell [8803], Brazil K001075766
    Burchell [8921], Brazil K001075935
    Martius [527], Brazil K001075763
    Martius [s.n.], Brazil K001075764
    Cordeiro, B.E. [52-14587], Brazil K001075774
    Jan 1, 1971 Balansa, B. [176], Paraguay Setaria reversipila K000643150 syntype
    Hassler, E. [9099], Paraguay Setaria reversipila K000643151 syntype
    Hassler, E. [9099 a], Paraguay Setaria reversipila K000643152 syntype

    First published in Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 495 (1817)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. & Pensiero, J.F. (2014). Gramineae VI Flora del Paraguay 45: 1-392. Editions des Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la ville de Genève.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0