1. Family: Convolvulaceae Juss.
    1. Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. U.S.A. to Tropical & Subtropical America, Mascarenes, Australia, New Zealand.

    [FTEA]

    Convolvulaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1963

    Habit
    Prostrate perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate; blade cordate-reniform
    Flowers
    Flowers small, solitary in the leaf-axils
    Calyx
    Sepals ovate-spathulate, scarcely joined at the base
    Corolla
    Corolla campanulate, minute, deeply 5-fid, a little shorter than the calyx
    Pistil
    Ovary deeply 2-lobed, each lobe with 2 ovules; styles two, gynobasic; stigmas capitate
    Fruits
    Capsule 2-lobed; lobes subglobose, usually 1-seeded
    Distribution
    A small genus of about five species, one of which is widely spread throughout the warmer parts of both hemispheres.
    [FZ]

    Convolvulaceae, Maria Leonor Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 8:1. 1987

    Habit
    Small prostrate perennial herbs, glabrous or softly hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, petiolate, cordate-circular or reniform, entire.
    Flowers
    Flowers small, solitary, axillary, pedicellate; bracteoles 2, minute, subulate.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, more or less free, scarcely jointed at the base, subequal, ovate-spathulate, somewhat accrescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla widely campanulate, deeply 5-lobed, not longer than the calyx, hirsute outside.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5, shorter than the corolla; filaments filiform; anthers small; pollen smooth.
    Pistil
    Ovary deeply bi-lobed; each lobe with 2 ovules; styles 2, gynobasic and inserted between the lobes, short, filiform; stigmas capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule bi-lobed; lobes subglobose, membranous, usually single-seeded, indehiscent or irregularly bivalved.
    Seeds
    Seeds subglobose, smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Laos, Panamá, Qinghai, Vietnam

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Galápagos, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Illinois, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, South Australia, South Carolina, Tasmania, Texas, Uruguay, Victoria, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Albania, Angola, Azores, Brazil North, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, Great Britain, Greece, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Philippines, Portugal, Qinghai, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Socotra, Somalia, St.Helena, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dichondra J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Char. Gen. Pl.: 39 (1776)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain in Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Convolvulaceae Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 331-351. Conservatoire et Jardin Botanique de la ville de Genève.
    • Staples, G. (with P. Traiperm) (2010). Convolvulaceae Flora of Thailand 10: 330-468. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Bianchini, R.S., Ferreira, P.P.A. in Forzza, R.C. et al. (2010). Convolvulaceae Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.
    • Austin, D. F. & M. Costea in Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, & M. J. Belgrano (2008). Convolvulaceae Catálogo de las plantas vascualres del Cono Sur 2: 1936-1966. Missouri Bot. Garden.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. et al. in Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Convolvulaceae Flora of Somalia 3: 221-258. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & M. Morris in Miller, A.G. & M. Morris (2004). Ethnofl. Soqotra Archipel. Convolvulaceae + Cuscutaceae Ethnoflora of the Soqotra Archipelago: 516-524. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh.
    • Deroin, T. (2001). Convolvulaceae Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (Plantes Vasculaires) 171: 11-287. Typographie Firmin-Didot et Cie., Paris.
    • Tan, K. & J. Zielinski in Davis, P.H. (ed.) (2000 publ. 2001). Convolvulus additions to Fl. Turkey, suppl. 2 Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 11: 186. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meeuse, A.D.J. & W.G. Welman (2000). Convolvulaceae Flora of Southern Africa 28: 1-138. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.
    • Bosser, J. & H. Heine (2000). Fl. Mascar. Convolvulaceae Flore des Mascareignes 127: 1-63. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Mill, R.R. (1999). Fl. Bhutan Convolvulaceae Flora of Bhutan 2(2): 834-862. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Fang, R.-Z. & Staples, G. (1995). Convolvulaceae Flora of China 16: 271-325. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Green, P.S. (1994). Convolvulaceae Flora of Australia 49: 305-310. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Yamazaki, T. (1993). Fl. Japan Convolvulaceae Flora of Japan IIIa: 195-205. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Lejoly, J. & S. Lisowski (1993). Les Convolvulaceae dans la flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi) Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica 38: 351-400.
    • Dempster, L. T. in Hickman, J. C. (ed.) (1993). Convolvulaceae The Jepson Manual, higher plants of Cilfornia: 516-522. Univ. California Press.
    • Gonçalves, M.L. (1987). Convolvulaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(1): 9-129. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Heine, H. (1984). Fl. Nouv. Caléd. & Dépend. Convolvulaceae Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 13: 1-91. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
    • Austin, D. F. (1982). Flora of Ecuador 15: 3-99. Botanical Institute, University of Göteborg, Riksmuseum, Stockholm.
    • Allan, H.H. (1982). Fl. New Zealand Convolvulaceae-indigenous Flora of New Zealand 1: 835-841+1034. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Austin, D.F. & S. Ghazanfar in E. Nasir & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1979). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Pakistan 126: 1-64.
    • Austin, D.F. (1975). Convolvulaceae Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62: 157-224.
    • Adams, C.D. in Adams, C.D. (1972). Flowering Plants of Jamaica: 601-614. University of the West Indies, Mona.
    • Valentine, D.H. et al. in Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Convolvulaceae Flora Europaea 3: 74-83. Cambridge University Press.
    • Matuda, E. in Matuda, E. (1966). Las Convolvulaceas del estado de Mexico Las Convolvulaceae del estado de Mexico: 1-56. Govierno del Estado de Mexico, Direccion de Agricultura y Ganaderia.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-161.
    • Heine, H. in Hutchinson, J. & Dalziel, J.M. (1963). Convolvulaceae Flora of West Tropical Africa, second edition 2: 335-352 + 496. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations.
    • Tharp, B.C. & M.C. Johnston (1961). Recharacterization of Dichondra (Convolvulaceae) and a revision of the North American species. Brittonia 13: 346-360.
    • O'Donell, C.A. (1959). Convolvuloideas de Uruguay Lilloa 29: 349-376. Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Instituto 'Miguel Lillo'.
    • Andrews, F.W. in Andrews, F.W. (1956). Convolvulaceae The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 102-125. T.Buncle & co., LTD., Arbroath, Scotland.
    • Ooststroom, S.J. van & R.D. Hoogland (1953). Convolvulaceae Flora Malesiana 4: 388-512. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
    • Fernald & Rollins in Fernald, M.L. with R. C. Rollins (1950). Gray's Manual of Botany, 8th edition: 1177-1185. Dioscorides Press.
    • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
    • Gagnepain & Courchet in H. Lecomte (1915). Flore Indo-Chine Convolvulaceae Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 4: 228-313.
    • Baker, J.G. & A.B. Rendle in Thiselton-Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1905). Convolvulaceae Flora of Tropical Africa 4(2): 62-206. Secretary of State for the Colonies.
    • Baker, J.G. & C.H. Wright in Thiselton Dyer, W.T. et al. (eds.) (1904). Convolvulaceae Flora Capensis 4(2): 45-87.
    • Meisner, C.F. in Martius, C.F.P.von & auct. suc. (eds.) (1869). Convolvulaceae Flora Brasiliensis 7: 199-370.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 65.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Tharp. & M. C. Johnston in Brittonia 13: 347 (1961).
    • Char. Gen.: 39, t. 20 (1776).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Tharp & M. C. Johnston in Brittonia 13 : 347 (1961)
    • Char. Gen.: 39, t. 20 (1776)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0