1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Eclipta L.
      1. Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. to S. America.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect or decumbent, sometimes scrambling, 5–90 cm high and long, sometimes mat-forming; stem fleshy or sappy, sometimes tinged with red; branches appressed scabrid-pubescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves narrowly ovate, narrowly elliptic or elliptic, 2–12 cm long, 0.3–4 cm wide, base cuneate or attenuate, margins serrate or serrate-crenate, apex acute or subacute, appressed scabrid-pubescent on both surfaces; petiole to 3 mm long.
    Capitulum
    Capitula hemispheric, stalked for up to 1 cm; involucre to 6 mm long; phyllaries 8–11, appressed-pubescent; paleae not very visible.
    Florets
    Ray florets in several series, inconspicuous, white, the ray 1–2 mm long; disc florets white, rarely yellow, 1–2 mm long, with puberulous lobes, but especially distinctive when young when they are flat and mid- to dark green.
    Fruits
    Achenes brown or black with pale margins, oblong, 2–2.5 mm long, flat or 3-gonous, subglabrous; pappus absent or of a small puberulous rim.
    Figures
    Fig. 151 (page 729).
    Habitat
    Moist sites such as swamp edges, river or lake banks, edge of rice-fields, black cotton soil; 0–1250 m
    Distribution
    a pantropic weed K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A decumbent or erect annual herb up to 2 ft. or more high, with rough leaves and stems
    Inflorescences
    White flower-heads about 1/3 in. across
    Note
    Whole plant blackening on drying
    Ecology
    A common tropical weed especially in damp places.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guyana, Haiti, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Dakota, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Angola, Assam, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Free State, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Manchuria, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New South Wales, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Palestine, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, South Australia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Victoria, Vietnam, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Common Names

    English
    Eclipta

    Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [795], Rio de Janeiro K000895513
    Sep 1, 2012 Gardner, G. [523], Brazil K000895511
    Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6821], Brazil K000955677
    Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [836], Brazil K000955678
    Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6617], Brazil K000955679
    Jul 1, 2012 Burchell [6924-2], Brazil K000955683
    Feb 1, 2009 Forster, J.G.A. [s.n.] K001065758 lectotype
    Jan 1, 2009 Laizer, G.S. [1373], Tanzania K000614910
    Nov 1, 2007 Sasaki, D. [1504], Mato Grosso K000579649
    May 13, 2005 Hamilton, W.D. [40], Brazil K001030457
    Mar 1, 2002 Gardner, G. [1054], Pernambuco K000054367
    Feb 1, 2002 Moseley [9/73], Pernambuco K000054366
    Feb 1, 2002 Ridley [102], Pernambuco K000054365
    Sep 1, 2001 França, F. [1993], Bahia K000053086
    Aug 1, 1999 Andrade, W.M. [136], Pernambuco K000054368
    Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [6473], Peru K000200545
    Jul 1, 1993 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001062032
    May 1, 1989 Harley, R.M. [25850], Bahia K000053335
    Jan 1, 1966 Eiten, G. [4997], Bahia K000053334
    Meikle, R.D. [1262], Nigeria 8659.000
    Hepper, F.N. [3792], Mali K000391792
    Philcox, D. [4651], Brazil K001030461
    Trail, J.W.H. [480], Brazil K001030464
    Trail, J.W.H. [480], Brazil K001030471
    Chevalier [1262], Mali K000391793
    Bidgood, S. [5952], Tanzania K000468473
    Mori, S.A. [11617], Bahia K000053331
    Mattos Silva, L.A. [631], Bahia K000053332
    Hind, D.J.N. [PCD2938], Bahia K000053324
    Hind, D.J.N. [PCD3381], Bahia K000053325
    Hind, D.J.N. [H50475], Bahia K000053326
    Carvalho, A.M. [3846], Bahia K000053327
    Guedes, M.L. [17], Bahia K000053328
    King, R.M. [8789], Bahia K000053333
    Eiten, G. [7832], Brazil K001030480
    Eiten, G. [6209], Brazil K001030486
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001030468
    Salzmann, P. [13], Brazil K000053329
    Salzmann, P. [13], Brazil K000053330
    Castellanos, A. [23479], Brazil K001030482
    Castellanos, A. [23434], Brazil K001030483
    Amaral, I.L. [345], Brazil K001030474
    Krukoff, B.A. [6735], Brazil K001030459
    Krukoff, B.A. [6735], Brazil K001030472
    Archer, W.A. [7726], Brazil K001030469
    Cruckshanks [s.n.], Peru K000009860 holotype
    Miers, J. [3838], Brazil K001030479
    Hagerup, O. [433], Mali K000391794
    Lowe, J. [4268], Brazil K001030458
    Kayombo, C.J. [4407], Tanzania K000612947
    Teixeira, L.O.A. [386], Brazil K001030475
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030557
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030558
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil K001030559
    Nunes, T.S. [1253], Brazil K001030570
    Carneiro-Torres, D.S. [374], Brazil K001030569
    Prance, G.T. [14759], Brazil K001030470
    Prance, G.T. [2546], Brazil K001030473
    Anderson, A.B. [1109], Brazil K001030561
    Mexia, Y. [5273], Brazil K001030477
    Mexia, Y. [4844], Brazil K001030478
    Glaziou, A. [14001], Brazil K001030484
    Lombardi, J.A. [2589], Brazil K001030460
    Lombardi, J.A. [2510], Brazil K001030462
    s.coll. [450] K000895512
    s.coll. [s.n.], Santa Catarina K000895510
    Bartolomeu, J.G. [s.n.], Brazil K001030560
    Rau, W. [102], Brazil K001030485
    Grazziotin, G. [s.n.], Brazil K001030562
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118809
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118810
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118811
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118812
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3209] K001118813
    s.coll. [s.n.] K001030463
    s.coll. [402], Brazil K001030465
    s.coll. [402], Brazil K001030467
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001030667
    Burchell [7064-2], Brazil K000955680
    Burchell [1063], Brazil K000955681
    Burchell [1618], Brazil K000955682
    Martius [404], Brazil K001030476
    Tweedie [402], Brazil K001030466
    Glaziou [4050], Brazil K001030481
    Silva, H.G.C. [143], Brazil K001030563
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], India Eclipta erecta K001118815
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], India Eclipta erecta K001118816
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211], Vietnam Eclipta erecta K001118817
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3211] Eclipta erecta K001118818
    Wight, R. [1444] Eclipta alba K001065769
    Wallich, G.C. [3209] Eclipta alba K001065764
    Roxburgh, W. [s.n.] Eclipta alba K001065765
    Cuming, H. [2436], Singapore Eclipta alba K001065763 isosyntype
    Carey, W. [s.n.] Eclipta alba K001065768
    s.coll. [3209] Eclipta alba K001065766
    s.coll. [319] Eclipta alba K001065767
    Pringle, C.G. [8853], Hidalgo Sabasia humilis K000487514 Unknown type material
    Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410945 isotype
    Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410946
    Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410947 holotype
    Schimper [539], Ethiopia Anthemis abyssinica K000410948
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 3210] Eclipta undulata K001118814

    First published in Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771)

    Accepted by

    • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae Flora of North America North of Mexico 21: 1-616. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Ling, Y., Chen, Y.L. et C.Shih in Ling, Y. Et Ge, X. (1979). Inuleae-Helenieae Flora Reiublicae Popularis Sinicae 75: 1-422. Science Press.
    • Schischkin, B.K. (ed.) (1959). Compositae. Tribes Eupatorieae, Astereae, Inuleae, Ambrosieae, Heliantheae and Heleniae Flora of the USSR 25: 1-628. Science Publishers, Inc.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Mant. Pl. Alt. 286 (1771).
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) in Flora of China Editorial Committee (2011). Asteraceae Flora of China 20-21: 1-992. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
    • Tropicos.org (2009-continuously updated). Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden http://www.tropicos.org/.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae Flora of North America North of Mexico 21: 1-616. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 215 (1994).
    • D.J.N. Hind in Fl. Masc. 109: 181, t. 60 (1993).
    • Lisowski, Asterac. Fl. Afr. Centr. 1: 223 (1991).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 622, fig. 191/3 (1985).
    • Wild in Kirkia 6: 59 (1967).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 26, t. 4 (1956).
    • L., Mant. Pl. Alt.: 286 (1771).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/