Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cosmopolitan.
Panicum sp.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades rolled or flat, linear to ovate; ligule a short ciliate membranous rim
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets usually spherical, ovate or oblong; glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the lower shorter than, and the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret ♂ or barren, its lemma usually resembling the upper glume, with or without a palea; upper lemma ± as long as the spikelet, crustaceous, not crested, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis ± ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial; leaves flat or inrolled, linear to ovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much-branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets dorsally or weakly laterally compressed, ovate to oblong; glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the lower shorter than, and the upper as long as the spikelet; lower floret male or barren, its lemma usually resembling the upper glume, with or without a palea; upper lemma about as long as the spikelet, crustaceous, the margins inrolled and clasping only the edges of the palea
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.
Distribution
About 280 species throughout the tropics, extending into temperate North America.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets spherical, ovate, lanceolate or oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes hyaline to membranous, usually the inferior shorter than and the superior as long as the spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Inferior floret male or barren, its lemma usually resembling the superior glume, with or without a palea.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma as long as or shorter than the spikelet, crustaceous, the margins involute and clasping only the edges of the palea.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis more or less ellipsoid, dorsally compressed.
Morphology General Habit
Annuals or perennials.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf laminae involute or flat, linear to ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle, usually much branched but occasionally contracted about the primary branches.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (132), or perennial (340). Rhizomes absent (395), or short (42), or elongated (27). Stolons absent (452), or present (15). Culms erect (201/365), or geniculately ascending (103/365), or decumbent (93/365), or prostrate (12/365), or rambling (48/365), or arching (1/365), or leaning (4/365), or scandent (4/365); reed-like (1/112), or robust (25/112), or of moderate stature (2/112), or slender (74/112), or weak (14/112); 1-77.45-1550 cm long; spongy (5), or compressible (5), or firm (418), or wiry (30), or woody (7); without nodal roots (17/100), or with prop roots (2/100), or rooting from lower nodes (98/100). Culm-internodes similar in length (1/5), or shorter and closely spaced at top of culm (1/5), or unequal, the upper longer (1/5), or unequal, the lower longer (1/5), or alternately elongated and bunched (1/5); terete (27/42), or channelled (2/42), or elliptical in section (15/42). Culm-nodes constricted (23/30), or flush with internodes (1/30), or swollen (6/30). Lateral branches lacking (57/209), or sparse (53/209), or ample (110/209), or fastigiate (9/209), or suffrutescent (4/209). Leaves differentiated into sheath and blade (450), or without demarcation between sheath and blade (12), or with sheath almost obsolete (1). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (458), or erect (6). Ligule an eciliate membrane (58), or a ciliolate membrane (72), or a ciliate membrane (253), or a fringe of hairs (68), or absent (23). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (449), or with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath (12), or with a false petiole (3). Leaf-blades persistent (459), or deciduous at the ligule (5); aciculate (3), or filiform (12), or linear (284), or lanceolate (215), or elliptic (5), or oblong (8), or ovate (25), or triangular (1); membranous (16), or herbaceous (435), or coriaceous (13); stiff (49), or firm (406), or flaccid (10). Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (9/33), or evident (6/33), or conspicuous (16/33), or widened (2/33). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (444), or with obscure cross veins (6), or with distinct cross veins (17). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (14/14). Leaf-blade apex muticous (435), or pungent (30).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence simple (462), or compound (1); fasciculate (1/1). Inflorescence a panicle (444), or composed of racemes (16), or comprising only a few spikelets (4); terminal (421), or terminal and axillary (43); not deciduous as a whole (458/462), or deciduous as a whole (4/462); subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath (461), or an inflated leaf-sheath (1), or a spatheole (1); exserted (440), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (32), or enclosed (1). Spatheole lanceolate (1/1). Peduncle persistent (461), or fracturing (2). Panicle open (417/442), or contracted (26/442), or spiciform (7/442), or capitate (1/442). Primary panicle branches not whorled (419/443), or whorled at lower nodes (22/443), or whorled at most nodes (8/443). Panicle axis bearing persistent branches (443/444), or deciduous branches (1/444). Racemes single (1/16), or borne along a central axis (16/16); appressed (1/16), or ascending (13/16), or spreading (1/16), or drooping (1/16); unilateral (13/14), or paucilateral (1/14); bearing 1-8 fertile spikelets on each (1/1). Central inflorescence axis unspecialized (15/16), or flattened (1/16). Rhachis angular (7/7). Spikelet packing crowded (2/16), or contiguous (14/16); 2 -rowed (1/1). Spikelets appressed (27/32), or ascending (1/32), or spreading (4/32); solitary (433), or in pairs (44), or in threes (2). Fertile spikelets sessile (4/462), or sessile and pedicelled (3/462), or pedicelled (456/462); 1 in the cluster (1/7), or 2 in the cluster (7/7), or 3 in the cluster (1/7). Pedicels filiform (31/47), or oblong (1/47), or clavate (15/47); tip oblique (1/21), or widened (6/21), or discoid (6/21), or cupuliform (8/21).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (461/462), or 2 basal sterile florets (1/462); 1 fertile florets (462), or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (459), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (52), or elliptic (175), or oblong (91), or ovate (166), or orbicular (24), or obovate (30), or oblanceolate (3); of unremarkable solid shape (461), or globose (2); laterally compressed (4), or dorsally compressed (459); symmetrical (450), or gibbous (9), or plano-convex (4); 0.7-2.732-9.2 mm long; persistent on plant (2), or falling entire (460), or breaking up at maturity (1); deciduous from the base (457/460), or with the pedicel (1/460), or with accessory branch structures (3/460). Spikelet callus brief (462), or square (1). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (398), or elongated between glumes (64), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2). Rhachilla elongation stout (1/1). Floret callus brief (457), or evident (6), or elongated (1); without wings (460), or winged (3); with lateral wings (3/3); truncate (1), or obtuse (462).
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (461/462), or 2 basal sterile florets (1/462); 1 fertile florets (462), or 2 fertile florets (1); without rhachilla extension (459), or with a barren rhachilla extension (6). Spikelets linear (1), or lanceolate (52), or elliptic (175), or oblong (91), or ovate (166), or orbicular (24), or obovate (30), or oblanceolate (3); of unremarkable solid shape (461), or globose (2); laterally compressed (4), or dorsally compressed (459); symmetrical (450), or gibbous (9), or plano-convex (4); 0.7-2.732-9.2 mm long; persistent on plant (2), or falling entire (460), or breaking up at maturity (1); deciduous from the base (457/460), or with the pedicel (1/460), or with accessory branch structures (3/460). Spikelet callus brief (462), or square (1). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (398), or elongated between glumes (64), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (2). Rhachilla elongation stout (1/1). Floret callus brief (457), or evident (6), or elongated (1); without wings (460), or winged (3); with lateral wings (3/3); truncate (1), or obtuse (462).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure (1), or two (462); shorter than spikelet (63/462), or reaching apex of florets (394/462), or exceeding apex of florets (9/462); thinner than fertile lemma; parallel to lemmas (414), or recurved at apex (6), or gaping (48). Lower glume linear (1/462), or lanceolate (38/462), or elliptic (6/462), or oblong (13/462), or ovate (385/462), or orbicular (4/462), or oblate (25/462), or obovate (3/462); not clasping (16/60), or clasping (44/60); not gibbous (460/462), or gibbous (2/462); hyaline (16/462), or membranous (446/462), or herbaceous (1/462); without keels (456/460), or 1-keeled (4/460); 0-3-11 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent (107/462), or obscure (19/462), or distinct (352/462), or prominent (7/462), or thickened (2/462); without ribs (375/380), or ribbed (5/380). Lower glume surface smooth (447/462), or asperulous (7/462), or scabrous (6/462), or tuberculate (3/462); glabrous (408/462), or puberulous (10/462), or pubescent (30/462), or pilose (29/462), or villous (5/462), or hispid (1/462), or woolly (1/462); without hair tufts (462/462), or with an apical beard (1/462). Lower glume apex entire (458/462), or erose (1/462), or lobed (4/462); 3 -fid (2/2); emarginate (1/447), or truncate (16/447), or obtuse (106/447), or acute (290/447), or acuminate (90/447), or attenuate (1/447), or setaceously attenuate (1/447), or cuspidate (3/447); muticous (453/462), or mucronate (13/462), or awned (5/462). Upper glume lanceolate (24), or elliptic (91), or oblong (31), or ovate (322), or orbicular (3), or obovate (1); not gibbous (462), or gibbous (1); 0.8-1.355-2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous (458), or herbaceous (4), or cartilaginous (1); with undifferentiated margins (460), or hyaline margins (3); without keels (458), or 1-keeled (5); wingless (462), or winged on margins (1); 3-7-57 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate (462), or pubescent (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (458), or ribbed (5); without cross-veins (1/3), or transversely connected at apex (2/3), or with cross-veins (1/3). Upper glume surface smooth (436), or asperulous (15), or scabrous (6), or papillose (2), or tuberculate (4), or wrinkled (2), or rugose (1); glabrous (366), or puberulous (27), or pubescent (59), or pilose (39), or hirsute (2), or villous (8), or hispidulous (4), or hispid (2), or woolly (1); with simple hairs (123/136), or tubercle-based hairs (13/136); without hair tufts (462), or with an apical beard (2). Upper glume apex entire (459), or lobed (4); 3-4 -fid (1/2), or 5 -fid (2/2); emarginate (1/451), or truncate (1/451), or obtuse (97/451), or acute (288/451), or acuminate (85/451), or attenuate (2/451), or cuspidate (3/451), or laterally pinched (1/451); muticous (458), or mucronate (6), or awned (4); 1 -awned (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male (172/462), or barren (308/462); with palea (323/447), or without significant palea (135/447). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (23/462), or elliptic (105/462), or oblong (28/462), or ovate (313/462), or orbicular (3/462), or obovate (1/462); 0.95-1.116-1.3 length of fertile lemma; hyaline (2/462), or membranous (456/462), or chartaceous (1/462), or herbaceous (1/462), or scarious (1/462), or cartilaginous (1/462); 3-6-15 -veined; without ribs (460/462), or ribbed (2/462); without grooves (461/462), or sulcate (1/462); truncate (2/435), or obtuse (73/435), or acute (320/435), or acuminate (55/435), or attenuate (1/435), or cuspidate (2/435); muticous (459/462), or mucronate (4/462). Fertile lemma lanceolate (20), or elliptic (229), or oblong (174), or ovate (56), or orbicular (5), or obovate (13); without auricles (462), or thickened on margins at base (1); dorsally compressed (462/462); not gibbous (462), or gibbous (1); chartaceous (20), or cartilaginous (4), or coriaceous (10), or indurate (430); without keel (461/462), or keeled (1/462); wingless (462), or winged on margins (1); 3-4 -veined (2/36), or 5 -veined (17/36), or 6 -veined (3/36), or 7 -veined (20/36), or 8 -veined (1/36), or 9 -veined (3/36). Lemma lateral veins obscure (3/12), or distinct (7/12), or prominent (2/12). Lemma surface smooth (387), or granulose (5), or asperulous (2), or scaberulous (7), or scabrous (1), or papillose (29), or tuberculate (14), or striate (13), or reticulate (4), or punctate (3); unwrinkled (455), or rugulose (4), or rugose (4); glabrous (452), or puberulous (3), or pubescent (6), or pilose (3); with simple hairs (10/12), or clavate hairs (2/12); without hair tufts (462), or with basal hair tufts near margin (1). Lemma margins flat (1), or involute (455), or convolute (8); eciliate (455), or ciliate (5), or pubescent (2), or pilose (1). Lemma apex obtuse (176/342), or acute (137/342), or acuminate (10/342), or apiculate (24/342), or rostrate (2/342); without ornament (419), or laterally pinched (4), or with a little green crest (7), or with a green spot (1), or with a shallow excavation (1), or papillose (1), or scabrous (8), or pubescent (25), or woolly (2); muticous (458), or mucronate (5). Palea embraced by lemma (462), or reflexed at apex (1); not rolled (1), or involute (462); 1 length of lemma; membranous (1), or chartaceous (20), or cartilaginous (3), or coriaceous (10), or indurate (430). Palea surface glabrous (457), or pubescent (2), or pilose (3), or villous (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2 (7/7); truncate (3/3). Anthers 2 (3/148), or 3 (146/148).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (181/181); ellipsoid (44/65), or oblong (8/65), or ovoid (12/65), or orbicular (1/65), or obovoid (5/65). Embryo 0.2-0.4095-0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (25/39), or elliptic (14/39).
Distribution
Europe (6), or Africa (175), or Temperate Asia (27), or Tropical Asia (42), or Australasia (40), or Pacific (26), or North America (108), or South America (198).

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect (1/1), or geniculately ascending (1/1); slender (1/1); 17-50.87-80 cm long. Lateral branches sparse (1/1). Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades linear (3), or lanceolate (1). Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Panicle axis bearing deciduous branches. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels tip cupuliform (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-4.65-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation slender.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2-4.65-7.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes (2), or elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet (3), or reaching apex of florets (1); thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (1), or elliptic (1), or ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (2), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (3). Lower glume surface smooth (3), or scabrous (1); glabrous (3), or pilose (1). Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (3), or acuminate (1); muticous (3), or mucronate (1), or awned (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (2), or ovate (1); membranous; without keels; 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (3), or 8 -veined (1), or 9 -veined (2), or 10-11 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins without ribs (2), or ribbed (2). Upper glume surface smooth (3), or scabrous (1); glabrous (3), or pilose (1); with tubercle-based hairs (1/1). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3); muticous (3), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (3), or elliptic (1); membranous; 9 -veined (1/1); without ribs (3), or ribbed (1); acute (1/3), or acuminate (2/3); muticous (3), or awned (2). Fertile lemma elliptic; chartaceous (1), or indurate (3); without keel; 5-7 -veined (1/1). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (2/2). Palea membranous (2), or chartaceous (1), or indurate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (3/3).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp (1/1); dorsally compressed (1/1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (3/3).
Distribution
Australasia.

[GB]

nonem

Morphology General Habit
Annual (6), or perennial (3). Culms erect (5/6), or geniculately ascending (1/6), or decumbent (1/6); 5-40.5-100 cm long. Culm-internodes terete (1/1), or elliptical in section (1/1). Lateral branches lacking (1/4), or sparse (1/4), or ample (2/4). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; terminal (5), or terminal and axillary (2); exserted (4), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (3). Panicle open (6), or contracted (2). Spikelets solitary, or in pairs (1). Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1-2 in the cluster (1/1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (2); dorsally compressed; 2.075-4.416-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (5). Floret callus evident; without wings (1), or winged (6); with free apical wings (6/6); truncate.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (1), or elliptic (6), or oblong (2), or ovate (1), or oblanceolate (2); dorsally compressed; 2.075-4.416-6 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (5). Floret callus evident; without wings (1), or winged (6); with free apical wings (6/6); truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes shorter than spikelet (1), or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic (1), or ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (2). Lower glume surface smooth (6), or scabrous (1). Lower glume apex acute (5), or acuminate (2), or caudate (1). Upper glume lanceolate (2), or elliptic (4), or oblong (1), or ovate (3); membranous (6), or coriaceous (1); without keels; 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (6), or 9 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute (5), or acuminate (3), or caudate (1).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; with palea (2), or without significant palea (5). Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic (4), or oblong (3), or ovate (3), or orbicular (1); membranous (6), or coriaceous (1); 5 -veined (3/6), or 7 -veined (3/6); acute (4), or acuminate (4), or caudate (1). Fertile lemma elliptic (5), or oblong (1), or ovate (4); chartaceous (1), or indurate (6); without keel; 5 -veined (1/3), or 7 -veined (2/3). Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (6), or acute (3). Palea involute; 1 length of lemma; chartaceous (1), or indurate (6).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3 (4/4).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (2/2); oblong (1/1). Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (1/1).
Distribution
Tropical Asia (1), or Australasia (6).

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Delaware, District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kriti, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chita, Christmas I., Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Poland, Romania, South European Russi, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia

Panicum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 11, 2011 Silva, J.M. [1809], Brazil K001078757
Jun 1, 2001 Zapfack, L. [701], Cameroon K000107875
Feb 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7690], Cameroon K000107953
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Myanmar K001132768
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8684] K001131216
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131290
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131292
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699], India K001131301
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8700] K001131305
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8709] K001131321
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8709] K001131322
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8709], Singapore K001131325
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131347
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8718], Myanmar K001131369
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8720], Nepal K001131375
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730], India K001131400
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131403
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131410
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8739], Myanmar K001131434
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8743], Myanmar K001131447
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8744], India K001131449
Hatschbach, G.G. [70697], Brazil K001078729
Swallen, J.R. [8126], Brazil K001078733
Granville, J.-J. [12211], Brazil K001078735
Ferreira, M.C. [1796], Brazil K001078739
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6060], Brazil K001078742
Dias-Melo, R. [444], Brazil K001078762
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2845], Brazil K001078748
Luetzelburg, P. Von [22163], Brazil K001078786
Eiten, G. [6717], Brazil K001078774
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8704], Nepal K001131316
Arbo, M.M. [4620], Brazil K001078737
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131397
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8709], Malaysia K001131323
Irwin, H.S. [6145], Brazil K001078761
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8719], Malaysia K001131373
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8737], Myanmar K001131426
Cordeiro, J. [1721], Brazil K001078730
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699], India K001131300
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8727], Myanmar K001131390
Sendulsky, T. [1741], Brazil K001078767
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Myanmar K001131296
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131418
Hatschbach, G.G. [49302], Brazil K001078783
Mesquita, A.L. [145], Brazil K001078772
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8741] K001131440
Gardner, G. [5906], Brazil K001078781
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131407
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8718], Myanmar K001131370
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131411
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8743], Myanmar K001131446
Sendulsky, T. [1741], Brazil K001078769
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131408
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8701] K001131306
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131289
Smith, L.B. [6031], Brazil K001078776
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8736] K001131422
Ferreira, M.C. [PCD1888], Brazil K001078744
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131444
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8698], Myanmar K001131299
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Nepal K001131291
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8723], Myanmar K001131379
Irwin, H.S. [6524], Brazil K001078765
Harley, R.M. [54147], Brazil K001078785
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8728], Nepal K001131391
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8738] K001131427
Dombrowski, L.T.D. [5865], Brazil K001078777
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131442
Hatschbach, G.G. [27768], Brazil K001078773
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8746], Myanmar K001131451
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131437
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131438
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131398
Hassler, E. [8332], Paraguay K001078775
Kubitzki, K. [79-127], Brazil K001078754
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8735] K001131420
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131404
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730], India K001131401
Harley, R.M. [2831], Brazil K001078746
Granville, J.-J. [15083], French Guiana K001078770
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13319], Brazil K001078782
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131396
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8731] K001131405
Nelson, B.W. [BN1523], Brazil K001078756
Araujo, D.S.D. [5997], Brazil K001078760
Hatschbach, G.G. [68055], Brazil K001078723
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8703], Nepal K001131315
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8709], Myanmar K001131324
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131445
Brooks, R.R. [TMEX443], Brazil K001078738
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [1420], Guyana K001078753
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8735], Myanmar K001131421
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8737] K001131425
Giulietti, A.M. [877], Brazil K001078743
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8737] K001131424
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132769
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8699] K001131302
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727] K001131386
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [9225], Brazil K001078764
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8696], Myanmar K001131297
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131352
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8742] K001131441
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8748] K001131457
Eiten, G. [10684], Brazil K001078731
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8722], India K001131377
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131409
Calderon, C.E. [2624], Brazil K001078752
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], India K001131383
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131393
Hatschbach, G.G. [48267], Brazil K001078751
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8693] K001131280
Hatschbach, G.G. [27768], Brazil K001078725
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8746], Myanmar K001131452
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131402
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131351
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727], India K001131388
Akkul, M. [Cat. no. 8722], Myanmar K001131378
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8713] K001131346
Sendulsky, T. [1477], Brazil K001078768
Stannard, B.L. [812], Brazil K001078755
Sendulsky, T. [1349A], Brazil K001078766
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8696], Malaysia K001131294
Melo, E. [PCD1787], Brazil K001078740
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8733], Myanmar K001131414
Akkul, M. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131430
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8697], Malaysia K001131298
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8727], Myanmar K001131389
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734], India K001131417
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8726] K001131385
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733] K001131412
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131431
Rosengurtt, B. [8893], Brazil K001078732
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Malaysia K001131429
Dias-Melo, R. [279], Brazil K001078727
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131350
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8732] K001131406
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8707], Malaysia K001131319
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Malaysia K001131428
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8683], Myanmar K001131214
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8736] K001131423
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [2845], Brazil K001078749
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8700], India K001131304
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131394
Jansen-Jacobs, M.J. [1884], Guyana K001078736
Prance, G.T. [1295], Brazil K001078758
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131395
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131371
Krapovickas, A. [36881], Brazil K001078784
Cordeiro, I. [CFCR810], Brazil K001078771
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131415
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8727] K001131387
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8740], Myanmar K001131439
Rambo, B. [36465], Brazil K001078780
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8740] K001131435
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8696] K001131293
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8745] K001131450
Hatschbach, G.G. [72016], Brazil K001078759
Hatschbach, G.G. [74882], Brazil K001078750
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8733], India K001131413
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8699] K001131303
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [9191], Brazil K001078763
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], India K001131382
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8734] K001131416
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131372
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8719] K001131374
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8739], Myanmar K001131433
Giulietti, A.M. [s.n.], Brazil K001078745
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8730] K001131399
Dias-Melo, R. [270], Brazil K001078726
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [6060], Brazil K001078741
Folli, D.A. [2699], Brazil K001078734
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8708], Myanmar K001131320
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8740] K001131436
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8744], India K001131448
Hamilton, W.D. [144], Brazil K001078728
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8706], Singapore K001131318
Christenhusz, M.J.M., Kamau, P., Mbale, M. [6624], Kenya K000696636
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8723], Myanmar K001131380
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8684], India K001131215
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8724] K001131381
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8729] K001131392
Porter, G. [Cat. no. 8696], Malaysia K001131295
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8721], India K001131376
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8701], Myanmar K001131307
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714], Bangladesh K001131349
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8694], Myanmar K001131281
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8725], Bangladesh K001131384
Harley, R.M. [10203], Brazil K001078779
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8743] K001131443
Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3772], Brazil K001078747
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8714] K001131348
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8735], Nepal K001131419
Irwin, H.S. [30380], Brazil K001078778
Hatschbach, G.G. [33074], Brazil K001078724
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8738], Myanmar K001131432

First published in Sp. Pl.: 55 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga F.O., Salariato D.L. & Scataglini A. (2018). Molecular phylogeny of Panicum s. str. (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) and insights into its biogeography and evolution PLoS ONE 13(2, e0191529): 1-39.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 9: 638 (1920).
  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 29 (1754)
  • Sp. Plant. 55 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 29 (1754).
  • Sp. PL: 55 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 29 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 55 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/