1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dysphania R.Br.
      1. Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

        This species is accepted, and its native range is America, Subantarctic Islands.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Herb up to 120 cm. high, usually annual, rarely a short-lived perennial, polymorphic (principally in America), upright, much branched, green (? occasionally red-tinged), variably pubescent or hairy especially on stem, also with numerous yellowish sessile glands particularly on lower side of leaves, strongly aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable, lanceolate in outline to more rarely elliptic or obovate, mostly 1.5–10 cm. long and 0.4–4.3 cm. wide, entire to laciniate or pinnatifid; upper leaves and bracts smaller and narrower.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an ample much-branched panicle with small sessile flower-clusters arranged spicately along the ultimate branches.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, 0.5–1.5 mm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3–5 (♀ flowers) 4–5 (hermaphrodite flowers), pubescent to glabrous, glandular, variably connate, smooth or very rarely keeled.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5.
    Fruits
    Pericarp easily removed.
    Seeds
    Seeds deep red-brown to blackish or shining, 0.5–1.25 (–1.5) mm. in diameter, bluntly keeled, testa under microscope almost smooth or shallowly and irregularly pitted, usually marked also with sinuose lines.
    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Herb, usually annual, rarely a short-lived perennial, up to 180 cm. high, upright, much branched, green (? occasionally red-tinged), shortly and inconspicuously pubescent or puberulous, often with some longer hairs on stem, also with numerous yellowish sessile glands particularly on inferior side of leaves, strongly aromatic.
    Leaves
    Leaves mostly lanceolate, the inferior with several (to c.10) coarse irregular ascending teeth on each margin, 3–14 × 0.5–4.5 cm.; superior leaves becoming smaller narrower and linear-entire, bracts even smaller, down to 23 × 0.5 mm.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an ample much branched pancile of small sessile clusters of flowers arranged spicately along the ultimate branches, all or some clusters bracteate.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments 3–5 (female flowers), 4–5 (unisexual flowers), pubescent to glabrous, glandular, variable connate, smooth and not at all dorsally keeled keeled.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4–5.
    Seeds
    Pericarp easily removed. Seeds deep red-brown, about 0.5–0.8 mm. in diam.; testa (see under microscope) almost smooth and with faintly impressed sinuouse lines.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Aruba, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, South Carolina, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Uruguay, Venezuela, Virginia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Arizona, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belgium, Benin, Bermuda, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Galápagos, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Maine, Malawi, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Suriname, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Tuva, Uganda, Ukraine, Utah, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 1, 2018 Stevens, P.F. [51459], Papua New Guinea K000342369
    May 1, 2018 Hartley, T.G. [13049], Papua New Guinea K000342370
    Aug 12, 2015 Guichard, K.M. [13], Morocco Chenopodium ambrosioides K001035633
    Aug 12, 2015 Gregg, J. [515], Mexico Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134127
    May 1, 1999 Onana, J.-M. [495], Cameroon Chenopodium ambrosioides K000580141
    Sep 23, 1904 s.c. [102] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134122
    Ash [886], Ethiopia Chenopodium ambrosioides 36453.000
    Harley, R.M. [11115], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207005
    Philcox, D. [4803], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207010
    Hooker, J.D. [26] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134123
    s.coll. [s.n.], Chile Chenopodium ambrosioides K000583166
    Blanchet [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204997
    Irwin, H.S. [14168], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207008
    Heringer, E.P. [11031], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207009
    Steyermark, J.A. [112402], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207012
    Hildebrandt [3475], Madagascar Chenopodium ambrosioides K000243863
    Miers, J. [3401], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204990
    Tessmann, G. [6098], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207003
    Melliss [s.n.], St. Helena Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134121
    Milne [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207001
    MacGillivray, J. [293], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001205000
    Sellow [1473], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204989
    Sellow [3785], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207269
    Prance, G.T. [29871], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207004
    Rambo, B. [46667], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207006
    Rambo, B. [47069], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207007
    Barros, C. [182], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204998
    Traill, J.W.H. [698], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204991
    Glaziou, A. [3085], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204999
    s.c. [s.n.], Portugal Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134126
    s.c. [s.n.], Algeria Chenopodium ambrosioides K001134124
    Spruce [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204992
    Spruce [1851], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204995
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126353
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126354
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126355
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126356
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6956] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001126357
    Burchell [8383/32], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204996
    Burchell [1417], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207270
    Ridley [122], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207002
    Traill, J. [s.n.], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204993
    P.J.M. [270], Brazil Chenopodium ambrosioides K001207011
    Hellen, B. [8029/b] Chenopodium ambrosioides K001204994

    First published in Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59: 382 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (2015). New floristic records in the Balkans: 26 Phytologia Balcanica 21: 53-91.
    • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
    • Baliousis, E. (2014). Recent data from the flora of the island of Limnos (NE Aegean, Greece): new alien invasive species affecting the agricultural economy of the island Edinburgh Journal of Botany 71: 275-285.
    • Sukhorukov, A.P. & Kushunina, M. (2014). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Nepal Phytotaxa 191: 10-44.
    • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Yan, X.L. & Ma, J.S. (2011). Nomenclatural notes on alien invasive vascular plants in China Plant Diversity and Resources 33: 132-142.
    • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
    • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 4: 1-559. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS G: 1-40325.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.

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    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
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    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
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    • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F., Stevanovic, V. & Kit Tan (2013). New floristic records in the Balkans: 22 Phytologia Balcanica 19: 267-303.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/