1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Bouteloua Lag.
      1. Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & Central America to N. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; scaly. Culms 50-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins tuberculate-ciliate; hairy at base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; 35-80; borne along a central axis; deflexed; cuneate; unilateral; 1-3(-4) cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 1-12 fertile spikelets on each. Central inflorescence axis 15-25 cm long; flattened. Rhachis deciduous from axis; angular; terminating in a barren extension; extension bristle-like. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5.5-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5.5-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5.5-8 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 5-7 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or asperulous; rough on veins. Lemma apex dentate; 3 -fid; mucronate; 3 -awned (mucros). Rhachilla extension glabrous. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; oblong; 0.5-0.75 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas lobed; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 3 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 3-7 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid. Embryo 0.66 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    North America: western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. Gould.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Introduced into:

    China North-Central, China Southeast, Hawaii, Saudi Arabia

    Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie [s.n.], Argentina K000309062 Unknown type material
    Drummond, T. [261], Texas K000885832 Unknown type material
    Drummond, T. [261], Texas K000885834 Unknown type material
    Drummond, T. [238], Texas K000885831 Unknown type material
    Gould [9000c], Mexico K000309039 isotype
    Short, C.W. [s.n.], Kentucky K000885833
    s.coll. [s.n.], USA K000885829
    s.coll. [s.n.], USA K000885835
    Schweinitz, L.D. von [s.n.], USA K000885830 Unknown type material

    First published in R.B.Marcy, Explor. Red River Louisiana: 300 (1853)

    Accepted by

    • Campbell, D. (2012). Noteworthy collections. North Carolina Castanea 77: 80-81.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Campbell, D. (2012). Noteworthy collections. North Carolina Castanea 77: 80-81.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0