1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eremocaulon Soderstr. & Londoño
      1. Eremocaulon asymmetricum (Soderstr. & Londoño) Londoño

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms scandent; 1500-2000 cm long; 7-10 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 40-70 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement three, or several; in a clump; subtended by a bare patch above the node; with 1 branch dominant. Culm-sheaths persistent; without auricles, or auriculate; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 1 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; reflexed; 8-10.5 cm long. Leaves cauline; 7-12 per branch. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 17.5-27.5 cm long; 11-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; scanty; 20-40 cm long; with glumaceous subtending bracts; without axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 57-200 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 57-200 mm long; 6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes several; 1-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; firmer than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate; 13-15 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 24-26 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 16-21 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 34-35 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea chartaceous; 14-18 -veined. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6. Stigmas 2. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Eremocaulon asymmetricum (Soderstr. & Londoño) Londoño appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000018904 isotype
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000433078 isotype
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000433079 isotype
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000433080 isotype
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000433076 isotype
    Jul 1, 2003 Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia K000433077 isotype
    Jun 1, 2003 Santos, T.S. [3898], Brazil K000947828
    Jul 1, 2000 Santos, T.S. [3898], Brazil K000947829
    Jul 1, 2000 Santos, T.S. [3898], Brazil K000947830
    Jul 1, 2000 Santos, T.S. [3898], Brazil K000947831
    Jul 1, 2000 Calderon, C.E. [2389], Brazil K000947832
    Jul 1, 2000 Calderon, C.E. [2389], Brazil K000947833
    Jul 1, 2000 Calderon, C.E. [2389], Brazil K000947834
    Jul 1, 2000 Calderon, C.E. [2389], Brazil K000947835
    Calderon, C.E. [2486], Bahia Criciuma asymmetrica K000004832 isotype

    First published in Syst. Bot. 27: 711 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0